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Tragedia na Przełęczy Diatłowa (1/2 luty 1959 r.)


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#981 fortyck

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Napisano 24 wrzesień 2018 - 19:36

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#982 fortyck

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Napisano 27 wrzesień 2018 - 20:18

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#983 fortyck

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Napisano 30 wrzesień 2018 - 19:33

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#984 fortyck

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Napisano 03 październik 2018 - 19:39

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#985 fortyck

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Napisano 06 październik 2018 - 19:06

Перевал Дятлова.  

 

2018 Тайна раскрыта!

 



#986 fortyck

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Napisano 09 październik 2018 - 20:21

New animated map of the scene on Kholat Syakhl by Simon Skeptic.​

 

 

 

Sources:

 

Position storage cache (Labaz): "Dyatlov Pass keeps its secret" page 115

 

Position tent: "Dyatlov Pass keeps its secret" page115, https://dyatlovpass....age.php?lang...

 

Position bodies: https://dyatlovpass....age.php?lang... "Dyatlov Pass keeps its secrets" pages 69, 70



#987 fortyck

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Napisano 11 październik 2018 - 19:15

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They died with dignity
 
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Moses Abramovich Akselrod
Member of the search party for Dyatlov group and long-time fellow mountaineer to Igor M. A. Akselrod is inclined to reject the version of the group madness.
Moses Abramovich kindly agreed to meet with me and talk about the events of 1959.
– I knew Igor Dyatlov well, – began Moses Abramovich.
– He studied at the UPI fifth year in the radio faculty.
A year before the events in question, we traveled together in the Subpolar Urals.
Igor invited me to this last journey, which became tragic, but I couldn't go due to prior arrangements.
All the preparation went before my eyes and nothing hinted to such a disastrous ending.
They left, and we continued to live our lives, sometimes remembering our friends.
When the deadline passed, a day, another, but no news from the group.
However, initially it didn’t cause much alarm, didn’t they - were delayed, the telegram was lost ...
Finally, the institute organizes searches under the general guidance of the famous Sverdlovsk mountaineer Evgeniy Polikarpovich Maslennikov.
I must say, the searches were built tactically flawlessly.
Four search groups crossed the intended route of Dyatlov group in various places, which made it possible to determine how far did the tourist go.
The fifth group followed their route.
Skipping ahead, I will say that it was that party that found Dyatlov group storage and tent.
I was assigned to a party that was dropped off on Otorten.
We walked dozens of kilometers - no tracks.
Suddenly, we heard noise by an engine.
We didn’t have time to properly look around as the plane flew over us and circling dropped a canister.
The note read: "Found an empty tent and skis on the side of mountain 1079."
The laconic message from the sky did not allow for any ambiguity regarding the fate of the hikers.
In a depressed state, we went to the place of question.
Yes, undoubtedly, it is their tent that stands on the gloomy slope of Kholat Syakhl.
I myself took part when it was stitched together in year 56th.
Under the tent, neatly, without haste, were laid skis.
Date of death of the guys was set very simple.
In the far corner of the tent was a diary with the date of the last entry - February 2, 1959.
That is, the tourists just started the route. In the valley of Auspiya, they built a storage site - leaving behind food and equipment, unnecessary above the forest boundary.
This indicated that the hikers went to the radial ascent with light baggage, intending to return to the base camp in a day or two.
After a superficial examination of the tent and its contents, the prosecutor instructed to roll it up.
The only thing that was recorded except the detected diary was a long vertical incision of the tent from the inside with a knife.
On the very first day of the search, one kilometer down the slope, at the base of the mighty, noticeable cedar, were made terrible discoveries - the stiff corpses of Krivonischenko and Doroshenko.
It was striking that the guys were stripped almost to their underwear.
Under the cedar were traces of a small fire.
Having concentrated on the whole slope between the tent and the huge cedar on the forest border, armed with long probes, we began to probe the slope methodically.
The bodies of Igor Dyatlov, Zina Kolmogorova and Rustem Slobodin were found above the cedar.
There were no signs of violence on the bodies, and the cause of their death was hypothermia.
On the feet of the hikers were only wool socks.
This immediately rose a version according to which the guys, having lost control of themselves, cut up the tent and rushed down the slope to meet their doom.
What caused this?
Most often it was associated with a bright close flash, accompanied by the roar of the explosion, but they did not speak out loud about it then.
And, in general, this was confirmed by indirect data.
Many observed the unnatural glow of some celestial objects in the Middle and Northern Urals in early 1959.
Bright balls of flash flying through the sky in those days were seen among other famous tourists G. Karelin, R. Sedov.
I myself saw pulsating circle moving horizontally.
Something similar was reported by one of the February or March 1959 issues of the Tagil Worker newspaper.
The remaining hikers were found in the spring, when the snow began to melt and ringing waters ran along the slopes of the mountains.
The new sinister finds did not in the least clarify the situation.
Rather the opposite.
The bodies of four tourists, discovered on fir-wood in a deep ravine near the cedar, had different injuries that were completely inexplicable in origin and did not fit into any of the hypotheses put forward earlier.
Kolya Thibeaux-Brignolle had a dent 7 by 9 centimeters at the base of the skull, Lyuba Dubinina had a symmetrical fracture of 5-6 ribs, Zolotaryov also had rib fractures, but, on the contrary, everything was on one side of the body.
Next to the wounded in the fir branches was Kolevatov’s frozen body.
After the findings in May, the investigation seems to have reached a dead end. In this regard, it was closed, giving rise to cautious rumors about the involvement of the military in this tragedy.
– Do you believe in this military version? - I ask Akelrod.
– No.
Probably not.
I often thought about this story, and I had my own version.
Igor Dyatlov organized a storage in the valley of Auspiya and was intending to return back after a small circle.
Having carefully put the things that were unnecessary in the cache, the guys unhurriedly began to make a track to the east ridge of the Kholat Syakhl pass.
In the late afternoon, the weather began to deteriorate, and then it drizzled and snowed.
(This is confirmed by the weather data of that day).
The group strayed to the left and lost orientation.
Having been convinced of this, “everybody can get lost in a blizzard blizzard,” the guys quite correctly decided to get down for the night.
They quietly processed part of the slope, rammed the site, laid the skis down with anchorages and set up a tent.
The diary entries of that evening are completely calm and contain neither drama, nor expecting one.
It is not late, the guys leisurely dine, remember past travel, someone already plans for the future and go to bed.
The strongest and most experienced Dyatlov and Zolotaryov lie, as always, at the sides, in the coldest and most uncomfortable places.
Dyatlov is at the far end of the four-meter tent, Zolotaryov is at the entrance.
I think next to Zolotaryov lay Lyuda Dubinina, then Kolya Thibeaux-Brignolle, Rustik Slobodin.
I don’t know who was in the center and beyond, but the four guys at the entrance, I think, lay that way. Everyone fell asleep.
And deep in the night, when only the hushed blizzard slightly shook the skates of the tent, Something happened.
The roar, noise and sudden blow of an avalanche on the part of the tent adjacent to the entrance.
The other part of the tent, which was under the cover of a large snow ledge, did not suffer, the avalanche flew over it and sped down.
The four lateral tourists take the blow.
The head of the ascetic Thibeaux-Brignolle is pressed into the lens of the camera, which, in the absence of the best, Kolya often puts under his head.
Differences in rib fractures in Dubinina and Zolotaryov are explained by their different positions during sleep - on the back and on the side.
Darkness, groans of injured people.
Exit through the entrance is impossible, someone snatches a knife, cuts the tent and helps everyone get out.
Igor decides to immediately return to the labaz, where the first-aid kit, warm clothes, shelter lay in the forest.
And they went.
A snowstorm howls, before the guys white silence, shrouded in darkness.
Poor orientation, and the guys go down to the forest, but not to where the storage is, but, alas, to another.
Under the spreading cedar Igor realizes that they did not go where intended.
Tourists break fir-wood and lay their wounded friends in a ravine, sheltered from the wind.
They give them all warm clothes and make a fire.
Kolya Thibeaux-Brignolle dies.
Depressed Igor Dyatlov, Zina Kolmogorova and Rustik Slobodin want to return to the tent to bring some things from there, or maybe try to reach the labaz.
It is not known whether they reached the tent or the forces left them on the climb.
– It remains to answer a very small question - what caused the avalanche, what kind of “Something” gave it strength?
- I ask.
– Probably, this question will remain open.
Military researchers do not take responsibility for Dyatlov group demise to this day, when the curtains were lifted from even more sinister events.
The psychics recruited by me to analyze the situation, insist on the intervention of parallel civilizations.
For most of us raised with materialistic theories, their conclusions cause a smile or even irritation.
But raise your head up and somehow look cloudless at night in the sad depths of the mysterious skies ...
Moses Abramovich was silent.
I remembered myself a little boy walking by the hand with my mother.
Late one evening my mother showed me to the sky with the words: “Look, Kolyusha, how many stars.
Probably, somewhere there, too, there are sentient beings "...
Then I introduced an avalanche that was attacking the tent:
– And why wasn't the tent swept away by an avalanche?
– She was very weakly stretched and, having taken the blow, remained in place.
– Why did they leave barefoot?
- I ask the last question that concerns me.
– I can explain.
Down there is a steep slope, which is crazy to descend in total darkness in slippery ski boots.
After all they thought they were going to the labaz ...
In the ensuing silence a device buzzed.
– Do you know what shocked me most in this story? - asked Moses Abramovich.
- The first question of Krivonischenko's mother: "Tell me, did Yura die as a man?"
They died with dignity.
 
All rights belong to the Dyatlov Group Memory Foundation.
Interveiw by KUK.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Żródło: https://www.facebook.com/dyatlovmania/



#988 fortyck

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Napisano 11 październik 2018 - 19:24

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M. A. Akselrod witness testimony /Case files 316-329
 
In the header image Akselrod, Tipikin and Captain Chernyshov - Akselrod group leaving the search operation (March 9)
Sheet 316
PROTOCOL witness testimony
April 24, 1959 prosecutor criminalist of the Sverdlovsk region Ivanov interrogated as a witness, subject to Art. 162-168 Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR
  1. Surname, name and middle name: Akselrod Moses Abramovich
  2. Year of birth 1932
  3. Place of birth: city of Velikie Luki
  4. Nationality: Jewish
  5. Political affiliation: none
  6. Education: in 1956 graduated from the Ural Polytechnic Institute
  7. Occupation a) currently: Senior master of the Ural Hydromash plant B) at the moment of the events: the same
  8. Criminal record: no
  9. Permanent residence: industrial area Sysert, st. Rosa Luxemburg 6, apt. 2
  10. Passport: -
  11. Relation to the accused: -
 
Warned on the responsibility for the first part of Art. 92 of the Criminal Code for refusing to testify and under Art. 95 Criminal Code of the RSFSR for deliberately giving false testimony.
 
Akselrod (signature)
In February-March 1958, I was the head of a third-category tourist trek in the Subpolar Urals (the district of Narodnaya).
Among the participants in the expedition was Igor Dyatlov.
Prior to this campaign, we were both participants in a trek of third category of difficulty in the Sayan Mountains in the summer of 1956.
My first acquaintance with Dyatlov refers to 1954, by the time of his admission in the institute.
At that time I was the chairman of the bureau of the tourist section of the institute.
From the point of view of tourist experience, and just human qualities, I hardly knew Dyatlov at that time, so our first acquaintance dates back to 1956 (in terms of close acquaintance).
Our Sayan group consisted mainly of graduates of the Institute and engineers, perhaps that's why Dyatlov being a sophomore kept to himself, not befriending with anyone particularly close.
Dyatlov's great contribution to the organization of the expedition was two transceiver-ultrashort wave devices designed for communication between the groups.
I was the supply manager of the group, my responsibilities were, among other things, the distribution of cargo between the group members, and in this aspect I had a serious claim to Dyatlov after the campaign.
I trusted him to weigh his own radio and he cheated with 3 kg.
This came to light on the third day of the trek.
I emphasize that this is my only argument with him and that it was in 1956.
After the Sayan
 
Sheet 317
 
expedition I went to work in Siberia, from there I returned only in April 1957 and my next meeting with Dyatlov took place in the winter of 1958 in a winter trek.
I must say that Dyatlov struck me with the change from Dyatlov, whom I knew in 1956.
He was an open, self-sacrificing, kind comrade, serious about serious matters, able to contribute, where necessary, a dose of humor, etc.
In the group, he was highly respected for the above qualities, for physical endurance, for tourist experience, for being ready at any time to perform any task.
Naturally, as a leader, I appreciated these most recent qualities in him.
Long days and nights, evenings spent at the fire led to the fact that we became friends with Dyatlov.
My friend was a man who, in addition to serious attitude to tourism (where we met), took life very seriously in all its manifestations (books, studies, science - especially art).
After the Dyatlov and other members of the group (Bartolomey, Han, Chubarev, Halizov) went on a campaign of III category difficulty, they were given the right to lead similar campaigns.
So after our return to Sverdlovsk, the question arose where should these tourists go next winter to exercise this right.
This question was not resolved and I learned about the final route of Dyatlov from himself
 
Sheet 318
 
approximately in November.
In November or December, I do not remember exactly, I was witness of Dyatlov's visit to the meeting of the city section with the draft of the campaign.
The project commission was sent to a consultation with Maslennikov.
After the end of the section, Dyatlov and Kolmogorova (she was also in this section) saw me off to the building of the regional party school.
We talked a lot, in particular about the campaign, I recommended Dyatlov to enforce strict discipline in the campaign in order to get out as soon as possible.
It is better to have time in reserve than to overdue.
Both of them, Dyatlov and Kolmogorova, quite seriously persuaded me to take part in their campaign.
Judging by their mood, they didn't have any doubt that the campaign will go well, and they expected a lot for themselves.
Perhaps, it was not in December, but in January, because I now remember that this was our last meeting.
I promised Dyatlov that I would visit him somewhere on the 20th of February and find out everything about their campaign.
Concluding this section, I want to note that the personal qualities of Dyatlov should be attributed to his direct expression of many feelings, like delight, satisfaction, joy.
On February 22, Sunday, using my stay in Sverdlovsk, I went to the dormitory №10 of the UPI to Dyatlov room.
To my question whether Dyatlovhas returned, a neighbor of his Chigvintsev, answered that he haven't, and that the search for the group had begun.
There I first heard about the tragedy, I heard that the search had begun.
On the 23rd I worked full day at the factory, and 24 at twelve o'clock in the morning I started to call Sver -
 
Sheet 319
 
dlovsk in order to find out whether there is anything new about Dyatlov group.
I called Rubel.
She told me that Maslennikov flew to Ivdel.
It became clear to me that the situation was taking a very serious turn.
About a quarter to twelve I called the headquarters of the search operation in UPI, Blinova, who knew me, picked up the phone, she told me that in the morning an airplane was flying to Ivdel and that, perhaps, it would be possible for me to fly on it.
At half past two at night I was at the institute, and in the morning I insisted before Slobodin about my departure to Ivdel, justifying my demand with experience (I'm the only one in Sverdlovsk who has four winter hikes of the highest difficulty category) and the fact that Dyatlov went to the three winter expeditions with me and therefore to some extent should have inherent my "creative handwriting", if I may say so how to choose micro-sites, camp sites, ways of ascent, etc.
Not wanting to take responsibility for my flight to the mountains Slobodin refused.
I was helped by the head of the training and sports department of the sports club UPI - Milman P. S., who phoned with Repyev P. A., introduced me and arranged for me a business trip from the City Committee of Sport and Physical Education for search and rescue operations.
Together with students, radio operators, mountaineers Sogrin and Tipikin, I flew to Ivdel on the evening of February 25, where I went almost immediately to a meeting of the search headquarters.
I questioned the stay of Slobtsov group on Mt Otorten and suggested to drop off our small, but maneuverable -
 
Sheet 320
 
group on Otorten the further north point of Dyatlov group route.
After a long discussion, the proposal was accepted.
During the orga meeting of the staff, became apparent the feeble competence of its members, with the exception of Maslennikov, in tourism in general and in the organization of this type of search in particular.
The members of the staff can not be blamed for this, but in such circumstances it was necessary to assign the search to the mountaneers I reckon, leaving the general leadership and organization to the staff.
On February 26, despite bad weather, my group (I was appointed as a leader) including Akselrod, Sogrin, Tipikin, Yaburov, Chigvintsev landed from a helicopter at 4 pm 8 kilometers east of Otorten peak.
Since it was already evening, I decided not to carry out searches on this day, but to stop for the night, which we did below the forest boundary in the valley of Sulpa river.
On the morning of 27 February at 8:10 the search group consisting of Akselrod, Sogrin and Tipikin, went in search of, leaving in the camp for communication with the plane (this was agreed in advance) Chigvintsev and Yaburov with the RBS radio station.
We returned to the camp at 7 pm.
For 10 hours of searches with a fifteen-minute break for lunch, we went through the search for about forty, forty-five kilometers, going around the forest border the entire valley of the western tributary of the Sulpa river, having inspected all passes between
 
Sheet 321
 
the peaks of the mountains of Otorten, 1024, 1039, 1041, making the traverse of the peak of Otorten from south-west to north-east and separately climbing to Otorten with a by-pass of the southern corner of Otorten.
From the top of the mountain was a note, dated 1956, left by tourists from the Moscow State University.
About 1 pm the airplane flying over us dropped the canister with the order to carefully continue further searches with the message that all the belongings and skis of Dyatlov group were found 12-13 km south of us on the slope of 1079.
It became clear to me that the Dyatlov group are dead and I suggested we bow our heads.
It was clear that without the skis the group could not go anywhere.
With the departure from Ivdel, we had an agreement that on February 28, in 4 days, a helicopter will be sent for us.
About 5 pm on February 28 the group was sent back to Ivdel.
We flew together with the Regional Prosecutor General Tempalov.
He informed me that four underdressed bodies were found: Dyatlov, Kolmogorova, Krivonischenko and Zolotaryov (subsequently identified as Doroshenko).
In Ivdel, to Artyukov's question, what are our further plans, I personally and the entire group fully provided our time at the disposal of the search headquarters and the next day, together with the regional prosecutor criminalist Ivanov L. N. Sogrin, Tipikin and I were dropped off by a helicopter in the search area.
We immediately had to change our boots with felt boots and take part in the loading of the tent and
 
Sheet 322
 
Dyatlov group belongings into the helicopter.
Three bodies - Kolmogorova, Dyatlov and Doroshenko, lay already brought from the valley near the boot rock on the pass.
The group immediately took part in the search.
It was clear to me that none of the dead had left the valley, a lot of time had passed, the bodies, of course, lay under the snow, and they need to be searched only here.
From that day until the day of departure (March 9), I took part in the searches every day with a probe in my hands.
At first I participated as the head of my, five people group, but then, with the departure of some of the tourists to Ivdel, as the head of the entire civilian part of the search group.
The tactics of searching were not established from the very beginning. Initially, the search groups went on in a wide search, seldom and superficially piercing the snow cover with ski poles from tent to the cedar (1500 m) and then the tactic changed.
The searchers, standing close to each other, elbow to elbow, walked along or across the slopes of the searched area, deeply probing the snow with metal probes.
This method yielded results: on March 5, one of the participants of the deceased group, Rustem Slobodin, was found under snow, thick not less than 350 mm.
He lay with his belly down, arms outstretched, on one of which - the right one, the joint of the thumb was bruised.
The same hand had a watch.
On the head a hat, on the basis of which I believe that at the time of death, there was not a particularly strong wind, since it would inevitably blow off the cap from his head if not while alive, then when Slobodin was already dead.
One leg, the right (I can be mistaken) was in felt boot, the left without it, pulled up under the right leg.
The face was very
 
Sheet 323
 
quiet, no evidence of violence was visible on external examination.
Under the knees, chest, i.e. parts of the body to which the gravity of the person lying was distributed, there was a half-ice-half-snow layer about 70-80 mm thick, which led me to the conclusion that Slobodin did not die instantly, but was alive for some time after falling.
The body was approximately in the middle between Kolmogorova and Dyatlov.
As you know, two bodies were found at the cedar: Krivonischenko and Doroshenko, but a careful study of the fireplace makes it possible to believe that there were more people at the campfire.
I am basing this on the following: 1.) Judging by the debris, the two can not cope with the amount of work done there. 2.) A small scorched, obviously female handkerchief was found at the fire. 3.) A tattered cuff of a dark-colored sweater is found, which doesn't belong on any of the hikers accounted for.
What is my personal impression of the scenario of the death of the group?
On February 1, the group got up late.
It is late, because the day before, judging by the diary, the group is very tired, and because in the morning, or after the diary was written late in the evening it was decided to do the cache site in order to free up the shoulders worn out by the previous days, increase the speed of movement.
In the morning the group got up at 11 and proceeded to build the storage.
While they were setting up the storage, and sorting out what to take with them and what to leave (the day before it was not done, because the storage site was in question), breakfast was ready.
 
Sheet 324
 
It was about 2 pm.
And I think that the group started not earlier than half past three, setting one of the 2 tasks: 1) pass from forest to forest, from Auspiya valley to Lozva valley or 2) considering the fact that for several days the group has been walking in extremely deep snow, which makes the movement extremely tedious, considering that the group had had a good rest on for half-day, late breakfast, to move as far as possible along the forest boundary, without going into the forest (deep snow), towards Otorten so that the next evening would certainly be near Otorten itself.
The group with lightweight backpacks goes on the route, but at a relatively later time - about 5 pm, poor visibility, more precisely, the absence of it makes the group stop for the night outside the forest.
This does not exclude any of the options offered here.
Was there a decision on a overnight at a exposed place (I deliberately avoided the word slope, because I believe that the slope, as such, did not play any role in their deaths) justified?
In my opinion, yes.
Why?
Last year, in the Subpolar Urals, we had four such overnights.
All of them were in such conditions, when the security considerations of the group dictated the need to stop there where there is a place, while there is still a bright light to pitch the tent.
It was in severe (-25 -30°C) frosts and there was no reason to admit this decision was not tactically incorrect.
So Dyatlov had precedents, and they stopped at night not out of weakness, not blindly obeying the forces of nature.
It should be noted that the high-altitude mountaineering consist only of the nights on
 
Sheet 325
 
snow, in severe frosts and, often, in a blizzard and snowstorm.
It is not excluded that while the group was pitching up the tent 2-3 people went to investigate around.
The tent is set.
The tent is set taking into account the bad weather.
Strongly stretched roof, on the windward side inside are packed backpacks, at the entrance there is a "barricade" with the stove, backpacks so that it does not blow out.
In the tent, of course, the subzero temperature and you need to exercise self-control and endurance, so as to bend your hands in a 25-30° degree frost, fill your diaries.
The only thing that they had the strength and humor for - it was the release of "Evening Otorten".
It is evening, not fun, or daytime or something else.
This is the work of their collective efforts, instead of writing personal diaries.
Personally, letters seem to me angular, and the handwriting is similar to Zolotaryov's, but with significant changes.
This is possible in the freezing temperatures.
By the way, from the diaries it appears that Zolotaryov liked to draw and the chap, judging by the photographs, was no stranger to humor.
Lots of laughing the group rested for the day (they cover only 2-3 kilometers with lightweight backpacks) the group goes to bed.
The tent is quiet, only the wind blows around.
For 8 of the nine night like this is a new experience.
One can rely only on its own harding and relative warmth, and did not put on his lined with fur inner boots, or maybe just laid them out of his backpack and could not find them later.
Another lay with felt boots, but at night one leg froze, so in order to
 
Sheet 326
 
rub it, removed one felt boots, or, on the contrary, put on a felt boot on the foot that started to freeze.
The awakening was terrifying.
My firm belief is that nothing and no one inside could not enduce panic terror among the hikers.
From the inside, in the sense in the tent itself.
Hence, they were forced to escape the manifestation of some kind of external forces.
If they are asleep in the tent, tent is closed, then it is either very bright light, or very strong noise, or both.
It may be that the signal to escape was given by one of the guys who had come out to relief himself, who dropped a flashlight from the surprise.
At the entrance only a few toggles are open.
The triangular back end of the tent is stretched well, and it's not easy for even one person to scramble underneath.
Hustle, crushing.
Maybe at this time, not knowing what to grab Slobodin put on a felt boot (his own?).
In someone gets falls a saving knife.
The tent is cut not succesfully right away, but with the third stroke and a panic flight begins along the wind, to where it is easiest to run.
They only then thought of the fact that there is a forest.
I stood with the rescuers for a long time on the site of the tent with a group of tourists (Sogrin, Korolyov, Baskin, Shuleshko) and we came to the unanimous conclusion that if they had only one chance to return, they would have returned regardless of the strenght of the wind.
The group is running.
But these are not animals, but young, energetic, Soviet people.
They run together.
Somewhere on the stone ridge Slobodin trips and smashes his head and soon falls.
The tent is not visible anymore, legs
 
Sheet 327
 
burn from the cold snow, and maybe Slobodin falls at the end of the group of fugitives, and remains lying on the snow.
And somewhere even earlier Zina Kolmogorova lost sight of the group.
After wondering for a long time, she also lies down on the snow.
The rest reach the forest, in the deep snow and begin with inhuman efforts to fight for life.
At the price of a long time frostbitten hands and feet, a fire is lit and Dyatlov, the leader of the group, a faithful comrade, goes in search of the stragglers and freezes there.
Could be that Kolmogorova went looking for Dyatlov and Slobodin.
It has not downed on her her yet that it's about life and death that the group can not be broken up, but she was always in the team (at first the trade school, then the school, the institute, the tourist section) and for her the tourist slogan "Die yourself, but save your comrade" is not an empty phrase.
She goes into the snowstorm, up and falls down exhausted in the snow and freezes.
There are several people at the fire.
They decided to collect fallen branches behind the cedar, to cover themselves with them and wait out the bad weather, especially since thin firewood is not easy to find, they can not break down thick branches, and their hands and feet are already frost-bitten.
They understand that they will not be able to return to the tent.
Two, Krivonischenko and Doroshenko, falling asleep, die, and the rest in the last attempt to save their lives rush either to the storage room or to the tent.
On their way, they are overtaken by death.
The search for the group begins.
A tent was found.
While it was being dug out, from the bags and blankets rusks could have fallen out, and the piece of lard cut earlier by someone.
It is unlikely that anyone will think of
 
Sheet 328
 
getting ready so early for the night, having plenty of time left without finishing changing clothes or done their satirical propaganda leaflet to sit down for dinner.
In addition, I want to express my opinion on the organization and techniques of searches.
The organization of searches from the moment I came to Ivdel Maslennikov (throwing up assaults on the route at several points) does not raise any objections.
There is also no doubt that the practice of methodically probing the most probable locations of the frozen tourists, established by the end of my stay at the search areas, is not in doubt either.
I believe that this method in the conditions of a snowy winter and the existing gap in time between the death of the group and the beginning of searches was the most rational.
Naturally, if the search began within 2 days after the death of tourists, then the best would be a free search.
Now it is only possible to say that for a faster detection of the location of bodies in the search area, it was necessary to recruit more people at the beginning.
The question arises whether the existing practice of training tourist for expeditions is in danger.
Unfortunately yes.
And this is why:
 
  1. Unfortunately, neither the Rospromsovet not the light industry can provide specialized tourist equipment for winter treks such as: 1. Glued broad skis with a metal edging. 2. Warmed storm suits. 3. Special shoes. 4. Special tents stoves etc. Sheet 329
  2. In each separate region of the Union tourism is neglected. The current situation is such that the route along the Urals can be approved in Moldova, and the Moldovan route in Sverdlovsk. In my opinion, it would be necessary to create a route commission in each district, which would have the right to approve hikes in this area. This, by the way, will lead to the fact that the groups will start preparing for the campaigns in advance.
  3. For every large tourist area, following the pattern of mountaineering, it is necessary to create rescue teams with its own untouchable supply of food, equipment, with full time job rescuers.
  4. Light walkie-talkies need to be designed and manufactured, so it is possible to communicate with planes sent by the chief of the rescue team of the area over the places of tourists routes.

 

M. Akselrod (signature) 24/IV-59
 
Prosecutor criminalist Ivanov (signature)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Żródło: https://www.facebook.com/dyatlovmania/



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Napisano 12 październik 2018 - 19:33

Dyatlov Pass - 360 ° degree video

 

You can pause at any time and look around you.

 

For more immersion, view with VR headset, like "Google Cardboard".

 



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Napisano 15 październik 2018 - 19:09

Тайна века, гора Мертвецов (Холат - Чахль) - Mountain of the dead

 

 

В лютые морозы 23 января 1959 года группа из десяти туристов шестеро из которой были еще молодыми студентами под руководством двадцати трех летнего Игоря Дятлова направилась покорять еще не совсем обхоженные глухие места северного Урала.

 

За 16 дней участники похода должны были сделать лыжный переход протяженностью в 350 километров с восхождением на далекий хребет североуральских гор где жили исключительно кочевые племена Манси поклоняющиеся еще в капищах языческим богам и проводя в пещерах гор ритуальные обряды и жертвоприношения.

 

Сами племена называли гору на которую отправились туристы, горой мертвецов и обходили стороной ту зловещую местность рассказывая о таинственных явлениях связанных с теми местами.

 

Ушедшая группа так никогда больше и не вернулась с тех проклятых мест о дальнейших событиях, известно лишь из обнаруженных записей, дневников и фотографий участников похода, найденных на месте происшествия.

 

Может быть за историю туризма есть сотни разных событий гибели туристов, но этот случай таит в себе нечто зловещее и выделяющееся из всех, своей необъяснимой загадочностью на которую с тех пор никто так и не смог найти тот правильный ответ, что же на самом деле могло спровоцировать такую страшную гибель стольких людей одновременно за одну ночь.

 

Тайна гибели группы Дятлова остается одной из самых зловещих загадок XX века.



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Napisano 18 październik 2018 - 20:12

Перевал Дятлова в кино и книгах

 

 

Композитору Александру Пантыкину заказали музыку к новому фильму про трагедию на Перевале Дятлова.

 

Почему эта история до сих пор привлекает кинорежиссеров и писателей?

 

И могут ли попытки художников переосмыслить гибель уральских студентов помочь разгадать тайну 20-го века?

 

Ответы будем искать в прямом эфире ЕТВ.

 

Гости студии: Дмитрий Артемьев, режиссер нового фильма про перевал Дятлова; Юрий Кунцевич, руководитель фонда памяти Игоря дятлова, Александр Пантыкин, композитор. ЕТВ - социальное медиа Екатеринбурга.

 

Мы обсуждаем проблемы и будущее города.

 

Мы любим Екатеринбург и знаем, что он самый лучший на земле.

 

 

 

Следите за нами:

 

на Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/ekbtv/

 

в Вконтакте - https://vk.com/ekbtv

 

на нашем сайте - https://ekburg.tv/



#992 fortyck

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Napisano 21 październik 2018 - 19:27

Перевал Дятлова.  

 

Отчислены по случаю смерти

 

 

Год выпуска: 2013

 

Страна: Россия

 

Жанр: Документальный

 

Продолжительность: 00:52:00

 

Перевод: Не требуется

 

Режиссер: Людмила Снигирева

 

Описание: Первый канал и "Комсомольская правда" представляют на суд зрителей и читателей совместное расследование обстоятельств загадочной и трагичной истории, случившейся более полувека назад на Северном Урале.

 

 

В феврале 1959 года, в разгар "холодной войны", на Северном Урале при загадочных обстоятельствах погибла группа из 9-ти туристов, возглавляемая Игорем Дятловым.

 

Тела, которые нашли месяц спустя, были изуродованы и полураздеты.

 

Поисковиков поразил необычный, красно-коричневый цвет кожи погибших.

 

Поползли слухи, что туристы погибли при испытаниях секретного оружия.

 

Прокуратура сразу засекретила дело и вскоре закрыла его, так и не назвав виновных.

 

Вот уже 54 года энтузиасты, исследователи и родственники погибших пытаются понять, что же произошло в ту страшную ночь.

 

В этом году на место загадочной трагедии отправляется новая экспедиция: Первый канал совместно с журналистами Комсомольской правды проводит собственное расследование.

 

Ее задача -- полностью воссоздать картину событий с помощью 9-ти добровольцев из отряда МЧС и участников поисков в 1959-м году.

 

Опираясь на полученные факты и свидетельства поисковиков, участники экспедиции смогут проверить некоторые обстоятельства гибели студентов и приблизиться к разгадке причин засекреченной трагедии.

 

 

 

Доп. информация: Производство: Первый канал совместно с "Комсомольской правдой" , 2013

 

Продюсер: Данила Шарапов, Олег Вольнов

 

Автор сценария: Екатерина Алябьева

 

Режиссер: Людмила Снигирева .



#993 fortyck

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Napisano 24 październik 2018 - 19:27

Перевал Дятлова - Конец истории.   

 

Документальный фильм

 



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Napisano 27 październik 2018 - 20:15

Тайна горы мертвецов.  

 

Перевал Дятлова.

 

2013 г.   1, 2 серия

 

 



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Napisano 30 październik 2018 - 20:36

Перевал Дятлова: новые жертвы

 

 

Тайна перевала Дятлова манит своей опасностью и не раскрыв секрета забирает с собой.

 

Гибель туристов во время похода - не редкость.

 

Но и не тайна.

 

Обморожение, встреча с медведицей, опасные склоны - причины ищут недолго.

 

Однако перевал Дятлова, а скорее его тайна заманивает все новые и новые жертвы.

 

Смелые и уверенные туристы не верят в сказки и хотят самолично удостовериться в отсутствии мистического перевала.

 

Однако, рядом с ним, происходят странные вещи.

 

Разгадку которых ищут вот уже более полувека. 1

 

0 января лыжники обнаружили близ перевала тело замерзшего мужчины 50 лет.

 

Он был один, это их и поразило.

 

Мало кто отважится на такое путешествие в одиночку.

 

Туристы передали информацию МЧС, где уже выдвигаются предположения о причине смерти мужчины.

 

В министерстве заявили, что мужчина был неподготовленным туристом.

 

"Он мог прийти со стороны Пермского края, или его забросили туда воздушным судном из Ханты-Мансийска».

 

Сейчас спасатели приступили к эвакуации тела мужчины.

 

И им еще предстоит долгая работа над выяснением причин: что случилось с путешественником, который отважился в одиночку покорять опасный путь.

 

Или, возможно, он был не один...

 

Что происходит в мире?

 

Самые актуальные новости, аналитика интервью, видео и фото!

 

 

 

Заходите узнать больше - http://www.pravda.ru/

 

Наша видеотека: http://www.pravda.ru/video/

 

Наши каналы на YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/Pravda

 

Англоязычный: https://www.youtube.com/user/PravdaTV



#996 fortyck

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Napisano 02 listopad 2018 - 22:03

44772850625_a2cf5fe512_o.jpg

 

Court’s decision from 8/31/2018 to refuse the application to reopen the case
INVESTIGATION COMMITTEE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
2 Tecknichesky Pereulok, Moscow
Russia 105005
31.08.2018 No. OTKP-214/1-20530-18/7254
Moscow Bar Association
M A Firsova
L G Proshkina
G L Proshkin Flat 5, 30 3rd Parkovaya St, Moscow 105264
 
Dear Maria Alexandrovna, Leonid Georgievich and Georgiy Leonodovich,
The Investigation Committee of the Russian Federation examined your complaints dated 20th July 2018 and 17th August 2018 regarding the unsatisfactory investigation (unnumbered case) into the tragic death of nine tourists headed by a student of the Ural Polytechnic Institute IA Dyatlov which happened in February 1959 in Ivdel District, Sverdlovsk Region.
Following your application we studied the case materials and the investigation materials, prepared by the Communist Party authorities from the Sverdlovsk Region which were forwarded to the Central Committee of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) in 1959 as well as other documents.
The criminal case was initiated on 26th February 1959 by the Prosecutor for the town of Ivdel, Mr VI Tempalov upon the discovery of the corpses of student tourists in the mountains at an altitude of 1079m in the Ivdel District, Sverdlovsk Region.
The case was terminated on 28th May 1959 by the prosecutor for the Sverdlovsk Region, LN Ivanov on the grounds of Article 4, Part 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) (version of the RSFSR Criminal Procedure Code as in force in 1923).
During the original investigation it was found that the group of students of the Ural Polytechnic Institute (UPI) dedicated their expedition to the XXI Congress of the CPSU.
The participants were to ski at least 300 km along the northern part of the Sverdlovsk Region and to reach two peaks in the Northern Urals: Otorten and Oika-Chakur.
On 23rd January 1959 10 amateur skiers started their expedition along the route: Sverdlovsk - Ivdel - 2nd Severniy Village - Mount Otorten - Mount OikaChakur - Northern Toshemka River – Vizhay village - Ivdel - Sverdlovsk. The group included: Igor Dyatlov, a student of the Ural Polytechnic Institute and head of the group; LA Dubinina, ZA Kolmogorova, AS Kolevatov, Yu E Yudin, Yu N Doroshenko, they were the UPI students; AA Zolotarev - Instructor from the Kourovsky tourist base, RV Slobodin, Yu G Krivonischenko, NV TiboBrignol - engineers from Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk (Yu E Yudin returned to Sverdlovsk due to illness at the initial stage of the expedition).
The order for the termination of the case states: “Based on the diary entries, sketches of the route and developed films, it was found that on 28.01.1959 the group went up along the Lozva river; the group continued moving on 30.01.59, on 31.01.59 the group came to the Auspia river where they tried to get through to the Lozva river valley, however due to the low temperature and strong wind they were forced to go back down and stop for the night.
On 01.02.59, the tourists built a storage facility at the upper reaches of the Auspia river where they left some food supplies and all excess equipment.
Later it was established that moving towards the fourth tributary of the Lozva River, the group took 500- 600 meters to the left and instead of the going through the pass formed by peaks 1079 and 880, they reached the eastern slope of peak 1079.
It follows from the case materials that on 1st February 1959 the group members pitched a tent on the slope of peak 1079 at around 5 pm in bad weather conditions that were unfavorable for staying the night.
The court resolution noted that the members of the group were preparing for the night “in strong wind conditions, which was typical for that area and low temperatures of about -25-30 °C....
No recordings or photographs were found after that time.”
On 12th February 1959 the group leader Igor Dyatlov was to telegraph the UPI Sports Club and the Physical Education Committee about their arrival in the village of Vizhay.
The search began on 20th February 1959, when the UPI sent a search team along Dyatlov’s route, followed by several more groups.
Later soldiers and officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, airplanes and civil and military helicopters were involved in the search.
On 25th February 1959 Boris Slobtsov, his search partner Mikhail Sharavin and hunter Ivan Pashin discovered the tent, which was located on the northeast slope of Mount Holatchakhl (height of 1079 m) and positioned at an angle of 30° to the mountain slope.
According to the case materials, “The location and the presence of items in the tent (almost all shoes, all outerwear, personal belongings and diaries) indicated that the tent was abandoned suddenly by everyone, it was established later in the forensic examination, that the leeward side of the tents where the tourists had their heads was cut from the inside in two places in such a way that made possible for a person to leave the tent freely”.
On 26th February the searchers from the Slobtsov’s group found the bodies of Krivonischenko and Doroshenko.
At the same time, the Mansi hunters found the body of Igor Dyatlov.
The same evening, the body of Zinaida Kolmogorova was found by a search dog.
On 5th March, 180 meters from the place where Dyatlov's body was found, the corpse of Rustem Slobodin was discovered.
In March 1959, due to poor weather conditions, the search was suspended and resumed in May 1959.
The bodies of Lyudmila Dubinina, Tibo-Brignol, Kolevatov and Zolotarev were found under a layer of snow 2-2.5 m thick.
At the time of the discovery report, all the corpses were in the water and were described as decomposed.
The decree for the case termination stated: “A forensic examination established that Dyatlov, Doroshenko, Krivonischenko, Kolevatova and Kolmogorov died from low temperature (froze), none of them had injuries, aside from minor scratches and abrasions.
Slobodin had a fracture to the skull 6 cm long, which increased to 0.1 m, but Slobodin died from freezing”.
The crack in Slobodin’s skull could be caused due to brain enlargement during freezing.
“Dubinina, Tibo-Brignol and Zolotarev’s deaths resulted from multiple injuries.
Dubinina had a symmetrical fracture of the ribs: 2, 3, 4, and 5 on the right and 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 on the left and an extensive hemorrhage in the heart.
The presence of the injuries on the corpses is consistent with the idea of the people falling from height while trying to save themselves.
The investigation did not establish the presence of other people in the area that height on 1079 on 1st or 2nd February 1959, except for the Dyatlov’s group.
According to the ‘Report for the Results of the Death Investigation of the Sverdlovsk Tourists’ dated 23rd March 1959 which was forwarded to the Central Committee of the CPSU, “it is clear from the diaries that the weather was gradually getting worse during those days - the wind increased and the temperature dropped to -25°. According to the Ivdel weather station the weather in the mountains was -30-35°С and the wind reached 25-35m/s the night of 1st - 2nd February”.
The study of the case materials revealed that the most likely reason for the death of the tourists could be a confluence of adverse circumstances and the violation of safety rules in difficult conditions of mountainous terrain (temperatures ranging from -30 to -35°C, a snowstorm with a wind speed of 25-35 m/sec., darkness and the location of the tent on a steep slope).
Panic among the people could have occurred due to an avalanche and snow falling on the tent.
The death of all nine people occurred from frostbite and injuries caused by falling from height.
There is no data supporting the presence of man-made factors associated with the death of the tourists in the case.
The case materials indicate that the death of the people from an attack by unknown persons, animals or conflicts within the group were ruled out.
Given the above, there are no grounds for resuming the preliminary investigation.
The decision to terminate the criminal case dated 28th May 1959 on the grounds of Article 4 Part 5 of the RSFSR Criminal Procedure Code 1923 (ld 384 - 387) was made by the Prosecutor L.N. Ivanov in coordination with the Deputy Head of the Investigative Department of the Regional Prosecutor’s Office, EF Okishev and approved by the Prosecutor for Sverdlovsk Region? N.I. Klinov.
Considering that the decision to terminate the criminal case was made by the prosecuting authorities, and the criminal case was not transferred to the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, the above decision can only be overruled by the prosecutor or the court in accordance with Articles 37 and 214 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation.
Your complaints dated 21st November 2014 and 18th February 2015 were not officially registered or considered by the Investigation Committee of the Russian Federation.
 
Regards
 
Deputy Head of the Forensic Science Department A I Sazonov
PKOFM
12.09.2018
Moscow
1115768
 
Investigation Committee of the Russian Federation 2 Tecknichesky Pereulok, Moscow, Russia
105005 BLA-51-1/27
Mail of Russia
Bar code 111767 27 01332 9
 
Leonid Georgievich Proshkin
Flat 5, 30 3rd Parkovaya St, Moscow 105264 
No. OTKP-214/1-20530-18/7254

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Żródło: https://www.facebook.com/dyatlovmania/



#997 fortyck

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Napisano 03 listopad 2018 - 22:33

Перевал Дятлова - Навстречу гибели

 



#998 fortyck

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Napisano 06 listopad 2018 - 20:27

Тайна раскрыта? 

 

Перевал Дятлова

 



#999 fortyck

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Napisano 08 listopad 2018 - 21:01

43969136980_09ff6e9bb3_o.jpg

 

 

«We were told to say that they were killed in an accident»
Interview with Evgeniy Okishev who supervised the investigation into the death of tourists in the mountains of the Northern Urals in 1959. 
This interview is very important as it covers the basis of the officially recorded conversation between him and him and Senior investigator and forensic expert Vladimir Nikolaevich Solovyev as part of the preliminary inquiry of the Investigative Committee for grounds to reopen the Dyatlov Pass case.
This will be explained in more details in the articles that will follow after this one.
All rights belong to Komsomolskaya Pravda 15-Aug-2013
45736330312_ef0bca6b45_o.jpg
The Ural events of 1959 still haunt the former prosecutor Evgeniy Okishev. He is confident that the tourists were victims of military tests.
Correspondents "Komsomolskaya Pravda" continue to investigate the secrets of the Dyatlov Pass, looking for new witnesses of those fatal events.
Recall that in the winter of 1959, nine tourists led by Igor Dyatlov disappeared in the mountains of the Northern Urals.
A month later, rescuers discovered their cut tent.
And within a radius of one and a half kilometers from it - five frozen bodies.
The bodies of the rest were found only in May.
Almost all the tourists were barefoot and half-dressed.
Some have fatal injuries.
It is still not solved why the hikers ran away to the bitter cold and their doom.
Evgeniy Fyodorovich is now 94 years.
Lives abroad.
We will not specify where, in order to save the veteran from private investigators.
Despite his advanced age, Evgeniy Fyodorovich remembers those events very well, because in his prosecutor’s practice the case of the death of Dyatlov group became the most mysterious.
In 1959, Evgeniy Okishev was the Deputy Chief of the Investigation Department of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Sverdlovsk Region.
This is what he remembers.
– When it became clear that the tourists had died, we organised an investigation team under the direction of criminal prosecutor Lev Ivanov, and I was appointed to supervise their work.
The impression of the examination of the tent, with its cuts and remains of food inside, was that the tourists had just sat down to supper and suddenly felt panic that made them all rush out.
We tried to collect more facts about the Pass.
We learned that the location was a sacred site of the Mansi, and that women were not allowed to go there.
Since the tourists’ group included two girls, the Mansi were the first we suspected.
However this version was soon discarded.
– How did you follow on this version? What made you discard it?
– I called the Ivdel district prosecutor and asked him to find a literate Mansi, an activist with whom I could talk.
So, when I came to Ivdel, there were already three Mansi men coming there at the prosecutor’s request, one of them a quite literate person, People’s Deputy to the Regional Council.
I had booked a room for the three of them at an Ivdel hotel.
But they refused to stay in it.
They preferred to sleep outside, in the snow, with their dogs.
This is how the Deputy (Mansi) explained it to me: “I ride my sledge dogs even when I go to attend a session of the Regional Council, and I always sleep with them because I feel it hard to stay indoors”.
We talked with him about the Mansi and their traditions.
He asserted that the place where the tourists died was in no way sacred.
On the contrary, any Russian appearing among them would be looked upon as something divine.
People would try to touch such a person, make him their guest, as this holds good promise to all.
It was absolutely clear from his behavior that the man was telling the truth.
After this talk the assassination by Mansi theory became irrelevant.
But the question of panic remained.
It is worth noting that, for some reason or other, the two men that were found in the forest under the cedar tree had been trying to make a fire for quite a long time: the proof to that was a great number of dead matches found scattered around.
Do you remember this for sure, had there really been dead matches?
– Absolutely, matches were also mentioned in the on-site inspection report.
In a month’s time matches should have been covered with snow?
– I believe the inspection report.
(The copy of criminal case in the Sverdlovsk archives doesn't mention matches.
So, this is one more mystery of the Dyatlov Pass. - ed. note)
 
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Search operation in May 1959
«THE WHOLE INVESTIGATION TEAM WAS CHECKED FOR RADIATION»
Why was the military involved in the search?
– This was on our request.
And there were reasons for that.
Shortly before that we met with a worker of one of the prison camps in the North Urals.
He described strange flashes of light which he and his wife saw late that evening on their way home from the cinema.
The light came from the direction of the supposed accident with the tourists.
We also received evidence from other local residents, and all of them spoke about a similar phenomenon, all testimonies were entered on our records of interrogation.
We got a suspicion of existence of a military test field somewhere around, could that be true? Could flashes be caused by a failed rocket launch that had killed the tourists?
But, again, there is no such record in the criminal case! So, what happened then?
– A group of the military under the command, if I am not mistaken, of Colonel Artyukov, arrived.
I talked to him, and he convinced me that no such facilities were nearby and no possibility of missile launches.
But, there was one instance that put us on the alert.
When the last bodies were found later in May, an order came to collect all items found at the pass and send them for radiological examination.
Also, all people who had been in contact with the things found in the tent and nearby were ordered to undergo body counting.
So it was done, but neither a reassuring, nor any other results were made known to us.
And again, the fact of some secret military tests being held was coming to mind.
We applied with a letter signed by the Oblast Prosecutor to either the Prosecutor General of the USSR or the Federal – I don’t remember exactly now – asking to explain what really we were investigating into?
And how it was related to radiation?
Could it be so that even the top commandant of the Urals Military District knew nothing of any tests of armaments held there?
In response to our letter, Deputy Prosecutor General, comrade Urakov came to meet with us and gave orders that we were to all tell anyone who asked that the tourists’ death was an accident.
Urakov evaded all our direct questions about tests of armaments.
I mean, he did not deny this version, but simply avoided direct answers.
What’s more, Urakov took absolutely no interest in the course of our investigation, as if the picture of the scene was absolutely clear to him already.
He, however, took the case away with him.
With that, our investigation came to an end.
Just imagine: at the very height of the investigation, when dead bodies with strange injuries have just been found, the case is being taken away!
And I clearly remember when we were signing our letter in the office of Oblast Prosecutor Klinov, he himself asked in doubt whether we had omitted something and had not fully checked one or the other evidence?
We told him that if the top officials discard the military incident version, then all is left to us is to consider other possible versions.
He found our considerations convincing, and signed the letter.
But, again, the reaction from Moscow was such that our suppositions of a military involvement had been neither confirmed nor disproved...
What is your opinion, why Urakov ordered everybody to say that was an accident?
– It was, obviously, an order from the Central Committee of the CPSU .
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Deputy Head of the Investigative Division of the Sverdlovsk Regional Prosecutor's Office, Lev Ivanov's supervisor
WAS KGB INVOLVED IN THE INVESTIGATION?
Was it possible that other structures did parallel investigations into this case: the KGB, for example, or some other agency?
– I think they had been involved, really, only I was not let in on that.
The KGB investigators must have been attracted. Such was the usual practice then.
I can even suppose that while we sweated over fact-finding they had already known more – with their powers.
We have recently got through to the then head of the KGB Investigative department for Sverdlovsk Oblast.
The officer’s answer was “we were not engaged in that case, definitely”.
He, however, refused to meet with us in person.
– So much for their involvement: why did he refuse to meet with you if the KGB had reportedly not been involved?
Why then should he fear to repeat that to you openly?
It may well be that his department had really had a hand in the investigation.
This is the function of investigators of the Committee (KGB – transl.). Such was their top secret activity.
And your interlocutor had simply no right to discuss their work with you.
Lets say the tragedy was caused by some tests.
From the very beginning the KGB performed their own investigation into the case.
They quickly find out that, say, the plane had dropped the bomb in a wrong place.
A disgrace at government level that must be concealed by all means.
It may well be that it was decided to bury the worst injured bodies in four meters deep snow in hope to find some better solution before they are found.
Meanwhile the case was assigned to a civilian investigating office, which, on Urakov’s instruction, would file the case away in storage as an accident …
– We can suppose many things here, but I prefer not to, in the absence of facts.
«THEY CALLED US FASCISTS»
According to eyewitnesses, when the last bodies were found, prosecutor Ivanov’s behaviour changed abruptly.
He looked depressed and in despair.
Could this change be related to Urakov’s order to write it all off to an accident?
– I don’t know what to relate it to.
We, Ivanov and I, were in a very difficult situation then.
Parents of the young people came to my office, some of them cried and called us fascists trying to hide the truth from them.
I lost sleep after such charges.
But could tell them nothing beside what I was instructed to tell by my superiors.
Just imagine the situation; mother or father of a student in my office.
They come crying, saying they had lost their only son, or daughter.
Like you want to ignore it altogether, don’t do any real investigation, allude to an accident.
We told them it might be an earthquake, a storm or anything like that … But look, what else could we tell them?
We knew absolutely nothing ourselves.
Parents wrote letters to the authorities at all levels, I think, to Khrushchev too, asking for investigation to be continued.
The investigation was nevertheless closed – not on our initiative.
Many people mentioned the unusual red color of skin of the deceased.
– Yes, the skin color was really unusual.
Ivanov mentioned this in his report to me.
Who else would have known such things if not him, a war veteran and a criminal investigator, he had seen many people frozen to death before.
But nothing like this, ever.
So what could have happened to them?
– I have a strong suspicion, after all those expert examinations (particularly after the radiation analysis made by some order from the top authorities), that there had been tests of some secret weapon or a launch failure.
By that time the USSR and the USA had signed the test-ban and nuclear weapons production cut-back treaty.
New extra-power devices needed to be created.
It may well be that due to special secrecy, tests were conducted at locations unknown to the enemy.
The students might have walked into a test area and got injured by fragments of a missile or something of the kind.
Right, and forensic expert Vozrozhdenny, too, described heavy injuries as if bodies had been hit by an automobile.
So, talking of rocket fragments, where could they have disappeared?
– The military might have collected them.
And where could the notebooks of some of the tourists have gone?
Also the film strips from the tourists’ cameras?
– You are putting me in an awkward position.
I would then have to disclose our work methods.
There could be anything; withdrawal of documents, other material evidence.
Anything that might expose, unfavorably, the involvement of the top authorities had to be destroyed.
But, at the same time, a few undeveloped films were found left in the tent, and you took them.
The military, or whoever else, could not have left a film so you could find it; it could carry shots of armament tests.
– It may as well be that no orders were given to doctor the films.
The thought is important to take away shrapnels as the most compromizing evidnece.
I also admit those people had been in a big hurry and overlooked some details.
And could it be this way; the KGB officers develop a film and understand there is nothing special on it.
Then they superimpose the developed film on the undeveloped one and after exposure obtain a “negative-positive”, develop the second film and again superimpose it on the third one.
After exposure the third film presents an exact copy of the original film.
This last copy may be loaded back into the camera, and now let the investigator develop it...
– I don’t know how much technically feasible this could be, but it is a fact that the KGB could work miracles in those years.
Let me tell you one story.
In summer of the same year 1959 Richard Nixon comes to the USSR and visits Sverdlovsk.
And there, in Sverdlovsk he asks: May I visit the Beloyarskaya nuclear station construction site.
The people who escort him are at a loss; not just myself, but even much higher authorities did not know anything about construction of a nuclear power station in Beloyarka.
How could Nixon know about that? And what to do?
At last, after consultations with Moscow, the permit is given. So he goes there with a crowd of his journalists.
The KGB people somehow manage to arrange it so that not one of them photographs anything.
God knows how they did it, closed the lens with their bodies, or what.
Nixon photographed too, and who would dare to obstruct the lens for him?
He took quite a few shots of different secret facilities.
However on the same night his escort persuades Nixon to visit the Russian steam baths, where, needless to say, all steam room attendants happen to undercover KGB officers.
So while some attended to him in the steam bath, others spoiled all his films.
I heard that later he felt much upset.
In some sources we read that in the fifties, after Beria’s old guard people were dissolved, the KGB men were no good at all: mostly green and cowed.
– Right, different people could be met in this service then: Baboons after hardly six classes at school, and true professionals as well.
It is said that had there been any cover-up of the events at the Pass it must have involved many people, and later someone would inevitably have spoken up.
But no such testimonies have been made so far …
– But who knows the destinies of, for example, the military men who participated in the search?
You don’t? I don’t know either.
What has happened to colonel Artyukov, do you know?
As far as we know, he soon died of cancer.
– There now, make your own conclusions …
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Case file receipt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Napisano 08 listopad 2018 - 21:12

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The criminal case can not be trusted
This is the conclusion of authors Nikolay Varsegov and Natalya Varsegova.
All rights belong to Komsomolskaya Pravda 2-Jan-2014
Leonid Proshkin, prominent lawyer and former criminal investigation prosecutor joined our investigation.
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For the first time 55 years after the tragedy, Evgeniy Okishev is holding a copy of the case files
Last summer, we found a very important witness to that tragedy - Evgeny Okishev, who oversaw the investigation of the death of tourists.
Read the interview with Evgeniy Fyodorovich “We were told to say that they were killed in an accident”.
Evgeny Fyodorovich is 94 years.
But, despite the advanced age, he perfectly remembers those events.
In 1959, he was Deputy Head of the Investigation Department of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Sverdlovsk Region.
Leonid Proshkin, prominent lawyer and former criminal investigation prosecutor joined our investigation.
Recently Leonid Georgievich met with Evgeny Fedorovich and we recorded their conversation.
L. Proshkin: – I have thoroughly studied the Dyatlov case.
I have one question to ask: Why there is no case number on the file?
E. Okishev: – I really don’t know how this could happen.
Maybe because the case was altered later?
– From what documents are available we see that criminal proceedings on the case were initially carried out by Ivdel prosecutor Tempalov.
Then all of a sudden we learn that it is taken over by criminal prosecutor Ivanov.
However the file contains not a single order on institution of proceedings on the case!
– Look here, all the documents had been in place.
I remember that well.
– And had there been any orders on expert examinations?
They are missing in the case too.
– All these orders were in place.
Otherwise no experts would have started working.
I don’t know what had become of them.
Maybe someone had had a relation to that case, and the documents of importance had been taken away by someone later?
«WE WERE TOLD TO CLOSE THE CASE»
– I worked a long time in investigating murders as a criminal investigator for the Kemerovo Oblast.
We kind of competed with your Sverdlovsk Oblast in the number of murders.
– Right.
– Anyway, I can’t say I ever heard of the Oblast Prosecutor being present at autopsies.
But, in the Dyatlov case, Sverdlovsk Oblast Prosecutor Klinov must have had some reason to come to Ivdel and spend three days in the morgue observing autopsy of the five bodies.
– This is the only case in my practice, too.
– Does this mean that investigation was regarded as one of special significance?
– This means that the Party organs took control over the case.
Note, control not just at the Oblast, but at the Central Party organs level.
Before Klinov took this position, he worked at the Oblast Party Committee and maintained good contacts afterwards.
I remember well that he had connections among his former colleagues.
He had probably been prompted to take the case up himself, this being too serious a matter.
Who could advise him?
Eshtokin (Second Secretary of Oblast Committee in 1959 – Komsomolskaya Pravda journalists identifying his position) could well be such a person, or that might be anyone else, even Kirilenko himself (First Secretary of Oblast Committee – Komsomolskaya Pravda journalists identifying his position).
By the way, Kirilenko was later transferred to Moscow.
In what concerned the autopsy, I remember it was mentioned that one of us had to be present in the morgue.
I also remember well that Klinov said we would do everything ourselves.
– I was pleasantly surprised to see the name of Eshtokin in the case.
After Sverdlovsk, Eshtokin worked in Kemerovo as the First Secretary of the Oblast Committee.
I reported to him on several concrete cases.
But now, tell me why, after the snow melted away, there was no repeated examination of the incident scene carried out?
As you know, repeated examination can bring even more important results.
– When the version of military tests arose, we considered visiting the site one more time, with soldiers, for detailed examination as the snow would be melting away.
We even included the trip in our investigation work plan.
We wanted to make a thorough study of rags (clothes, tent), and all kinds of expert examination.
But nothing came out of it.
– Why?
– Taboo! No permit.
For that reason no repeated examination was conducted.
– Was it for the same reason that there were no radiation tests on the site, when the last four bodies were found?
– Our investigation team did not conduct site radiation tests.
But such tests had definitely been carried out because after the last four bodies were found, all who had been in contact with the items at the Pass were sent for radiation examination.
But for us, other events were unfolding at that time.
Deputy Federal Prosecutor for Investigations Urakov arrived and immediately asked us to bring him the case. He told us to write the closing statement.
He went to the Oblast committee and took Klinov and Ivanov with him.
When Ivanov cane back he told me that an order was to close the case.
We argued: how can we close it, on which grounds?
There are nine dead bodies in it!
– Yes, the proceedings were instituted on finding of dead bodies!
– Right. But at that moment we knew nothing about radioactive contamination.
We, Ivanov and I, then decided to close the case with regard to organizing a trip, but only suspend proceedings on the case of the dead bodies.
Hoping to continue after a respective permit is obtained.
A bit later I received an express order from Urakov to tell parents it was an accident.
We all then felt something strange about this case.
We suspected this to be something connected either with rockets or some tests.
It was the most we could do and what we really did.
Anyway, the case was already taken away from us.
No doubt, Urakov could have told us, but preferred not to.
Because he himself must have received orders from the Procurator General who, in his turn, executed orders from his superiors.
And it looks like so: all of a sudden, in the midst of investigation, there comes Urakov and closes down all work.
«I REMEMBER THAT ON THE NIGHT OF THE TRAGEDY IT WAS COLD»
– How long had Ivanov worked as a criminal prosecutor?
– Since early 1954, from the moment this position was created.
– Was he a good investigator?
– I reckon, excellent.
Meticulous and very thorough.
– This explains his appointment.
I understand this as a former criminal prosecutor myself.
But tell me, with your transfer, was there any pressure on you at that time?
– No. They only asked what I thought about a transfer.
And I had no arguments to say no.
Klinov was against my departure, but he had to carry out the Procurator General’s orders.
And so I was transferred to the position of Deputy Head of an Investigation Department.
– Lets get back to Dyatlov pass incident.
Who photographed the bodies at the scene?
– The scene investigator.
I don’t know details how this work was organised, this was done either by himself or someone under his guidance
– And what about weather conditions as of the time of the incident, were they studied?
– Of course! I remember low temperature and piercing wind were mentioned.
There was such a document in the file.
– But it is missing now.
And this is an important point.
– I remember the detailed description of snow, and foot tracks on the slope.
As far as I know, there was a snowfall after the tragedy.
When Ivanov came back from the Pass he gave me a detailed account.
We discussed possible versions together.
It was clear that the Tourists left the tent in a panic and were undressed.
The tent was ripped.
Later Dyatlov, the group leader, was found lying closest to the tent.
And then those dead matches scattered under the cedar tree in attempts to make a fire …
– The closing statement on the case says that the Tourists’ death was caused by forces they were unable to overcome.
What hides behind this phrase?
– (sighs heavily) Whet else would you hear from an investigator when no version has been fully verified?
With any development of the main radioactivity version being simply banned.
Just look: where could radiation come from in the open?!
Only tests, I am sure of that.
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Deputy Head of the Investigative Division of Sverdlovsk Regional Prosecutor's Office Lev Ivanov's supervisor
THE NUCLEAR TEST SITE FROM THE CAUCASUS COULD BE TRANSFERRED TO THE URALS
– This is going to be kind of a personal.
When you get an order to stay away, when it is explained to you that it’s taboo, such words, as a rule, will only arouse interest to what really happened there?
It’s true, the official investigation was closed, but interest in the matter must have remained all the same?
Such is human nature.
– It is exactly for this reason that I got interested in the matter.
Could there be some tests conducted?
I got a clue from some nuclear specialists who mentioned the existence of a nuclear test field in one of the republics in the Caucasus.
But in the late 50s a moratorium was called on nuclear tests*.
Western intelligence agencies knew about that test field and kept an eye on it.
Ivanov and I then suggested that tests might have been moved to the North Urals.
The same mountainous terrain, with neither people, nor inhabited areas for 100-150 kilometers around.
I asked the above nuclear specialist (I don’t remember his name now), do you admit tests could be conducted at the time of the moratorium.
He smiles and says: “look, let’s not discuss that, I have no right to talk about such things”.
* In 1958, the USSR, USA and Great Britain entered into a nuclear weapons testing moratorium which was observed during 1959, 1960 and the first six months of 1961 until in the middle of 1961 it was violated by Khrushchev.
– Maybe he refused to talk because he himself participated in violating the moratorium?
There was a situation when, at one stage, I stood at the head of a group investigating events in 1993.
In particular, we investigated the Ostankino incident in which many people were killed.
Reportedly, first there was a shot made from a grenade gun, and then the Special forces (original “Knights” group) started shooting at people.
When we examined the scene we understood that there was no shooting from a grenade gun. If it were so, this would have caused much greater destruction.
A “Knights” man was killed then, he was posthumously awarded the Title of Hero of Russia.
Then we drew specialists into our investigation.
Once when we relaxed and had a drink together, a specialist from the Ministry of the Interior suddenly says, “you know I was in Ostankino at that time, and I know of the death of a soldier from an explosion of some special weapon.
The said “Knights” had just come back from the North Caucasus bringing their special weapons with them.
I know what had exploded there but cannot tell you what”.
When I tried to press on him to tell more, he refused point-blank.
Just can’t talk, and that’s that!
But let’s get back to the Dyatlov theme.
At a glance the case suggests a complex set of questions; there is no case number, it lacks expert examination reports and other procedural instruments.
It is unclear who investigated the matter.
Tempalov initiates the investigation and then we see him being interrogated himself.
How can that be?
I have a feeling that case papers had been thoroughly “tidied up”.
– Sure!
It can’t be called a criminal case in the full sense of the word, it is only scraps left over and raising no suspicion.
No conclusion can be based on such fragments.
Hackwork, nothing else.
An awful example of an investigation case.
It’s worlds different from what we had done then, like night and day.
– But there is an inventory list for the case compiled by Ivanov!
Does it mean that Ivanov was making a list of an already sanitized case?
– He did what his superiors told him to do, and the case had to look exactly so.
What else could he do?
PILOT COULD BE WRONG
– But there’s also the Oblast Prosecutor’s signature under the statement.
Was he aware of its content?
It might well be that he just signed without looking.
– Oh no.
We finalized the text of the statement together.
We were both bound hand and foot.
All we had to do is close the case, having nine dead bodies left and without knowledge of what had caused their deaths.
We go to prosecutor Klinov and ask him, do you agree to close the case the way we are doing it, putting the blame on the administration for negligence?
He only lifts hands in dismay: there’s no alternative.
I can only add this; should I meet such an investigator in another situation, I would kick him out for a statement like this.
Dead bodies in the case, and the blame for them being put on the people having absolutely no relation to them.
Can you imagine how painful it was for Ivanov and me to carry out Urakov’s order?
At the height of the work we get a slap on the wrist.
Klinov calls us and says; round it off, orders must be executed, without discussion.
It was at that moment that we put in this phrase about a “compelling elemental force”.
– I read in reminiscences that on 25 February one of the fliers saw a tent at the pass, and that practically near it, two bodies lay in the snow.
One of them had long black hair, presumably it was a woman.
– I am a former flier myself and I know well how one may be visually mistaken.
Once, when I was getting near the airfield, looking down from the altitude of 300 m (the first approach circle) I had a feeling that we were at 10 metres, not 300.
Low enough to jump down! Such was the illusion.
I therefore suggest that the flier might be mistaken in his eye estimation of the distance between bodies and tent.
– I wonder about one thing.
From the first moments of the search there are 5 to 6 radio-telegrams every day filed in the case.
But exactly on the 25th when the flier had reportedly seen the dead bodies, there are none.
While the same are present for the 24th and 26 th.
How can that be?
– I don’t remember such details.
– Back to radioactivity.
I am sure the terrain was then checked for radiological contamination.
But that was done outside the framework of this particular criminal case.
– Of course!
– Because at that time the word “radiation” itself was pronounced ... with awe!
– And not just this.
Suppose there had been some tests, then every piece of evidence had to be cleared out.
Prompt measures had to be taken.
I wouldn’t exclude some special orders coming from the top.
And the same top people might have introduced their amendments.
Ivanov and I came to understand this when the question of secrecy arose.
So, our theory concerning presence of a test field may appear to be true.
– Tell me, in your days as an Investigator, can you name any other criminal cases taken for investigation from the Sverdlovsk Oblast to the Federal Public Prosecutor’s office, or even that of the USSR?
– No, nothing of the kind.
In my long practice the Dyatlov case was the only one ever taken to Moscow.
We can only guess how much importance was attached to it.”
EPILOGUE
Afterwards lawyer Proshkin told us about his impressions of the meeting with Okishev:
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Former criminal prosecutor and now a laywer Leonid Proshkin
 
I am sure Evgeny Fyodorovich has told us almost all he remembered.
But still there was something he kept back.
As a former criminal prosecutor myself I asked him many procedural questions.
He gave clear-cut answers, adding details, but when I asked him why the case had no number, he looked slightly at a loss and could not give a definite answer.
There is not a single document in the case that could point to who was carrying out the investigation.
That is, we have Ivdel prosecutor Tempalov instituting the criminal proceedings.
And that is clear. Some investigative actions are carried out by Ivdel investigator Korotaev.
And that is clear, too.
Although he must have been included in the investigation team, and the case should have carried some notice of that.
But there is none.
Furthermore, the investigation on the case is being carried out by Oblast criminal prosecutor Ivanov.
That makes sense, but is such be the case that he takes over further processing, there must be notice of him being included in the investigation team, while the latter, judging from the documents in the file, had not been formed at all (!).
Note, the case was under control of the Federal or even the USSR Prosecutor’s office.
There was attention to it at the regional party committee level, too.
It is worth noting that at that time the party committee was the top administrative organ in the Oblast.
Therefore such procedural omissions are absolutely unexplainable.
Or rather, they may be explained by one fact: the whole case is a fake.
And one more interesting aspect.
The Ivdel prosecutor opens up and then investigates the case.
Then he gets interrogated as a witness, and after that continues the investigative actions.
This is not permissible, absolutely.
A person can never appear as a prosecutor, an investigator and a witness at one and the same time.
I got an impression that as the investigation was going on everything had been clear well beforehand.
People continued working but someone else had already decided that all necessary materials would be extracted to another case, leaving the remaining part as a dummy.
The more so, there is one curious procedural moment to which Evgeny Fyodorovich has given a good answer.
Here we have an order on institution of criminal proceedings into the fact of the deaths of the Dyatlov group.
But the order on closing down the investigation refers not to the death of people but to neglectful bureaucratic actions of the UPI workers.
It also mentions that the Tourists had become victims of an unnamed force.
Okishev wrote those lines together with Ivanov, the closing statement was approved by the Oblast Public Prosecutor Klinov.
In answer to my question about such formulation he said, “We realized that it was wrong to close the case this way.
The death of the Tourists had remained under-investigated but we had no alternative”.
I understand and am absolutely sure that prosecutors of that time would not have written SUCH a statement for no particular reason.
They deserve credit because they did not fear to write such a statement and did not write lies.
While they had been under pressure, there is no doubt about it.
 
 
 
 
 





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