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Tragedia na Przełęczy Diatłowa (1/2 luty 1959 r.)

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Napisano 06 październik 2020 - 20:21



Zolotaryov's meltdown
Dyatlov Pass wtorek, 6 PAŻDZIERNIKA 2020

All events and characters are fictional, any resemblance to real events and people is purely coincidental.
The tent partly cleared of the snow, 27 Feb 1959
This story turned out to be so confusing due to the fact that a so-called "legal impasse" happened in the case.
A general example for this is when there is no direct evidence, and a lot of circumstantial evidence leads to a person who has an alibi.
In this regard, this case cannot be officially closed, but it is possible to re-enact what happened, if you do not try to fit within a legal framework.
After analyzing the personalities of the hikers, one can understand that they are all smart and friendly, only two stand out among all - Igor and Semyon.
Igor was a unique person with a specific character.
As a student of the radio engineering faculty, studying in the 5th year, he was offered to stay at the department.
He was an inventor and successfully implemented his developments in hiking.
For the last two years, he was the chairman of the UPI tour section.
In addition to many positive qualities, he was excessively demanding, both to himself and to others, and since he possessed extraordinary abilities, he often demanded from people what, unlike him, was difficult for them to accomplish.
Because of this distinctive feature, Igor already had conflicts, so now only selected candidates who are able to fulfill all of his deliberately complicated requirements go on hikes with him.
Semyon is a key figure in this tragedy.
He has a difficult fate and a difficult character.
He has no family of his own, no friends or comrades.
He does not have good relationship with the management and constantly changes his place of work.
Krivonischenko camera film 1 frame 3
Semyon is a key figure in this tragedy. He has a difficult fate and a difficult character.
He has no family of his own, no friends or comrades.
He does not have good relationship with the management and constantly changes his place of work.
To understand what happened in his last trek, we need to analyze his biography.
Semyon is a Kuban Cossack.
At the age of 20, he was drafted into the army and after six months of training, in May 1942, he went to fight on the fronts from Stalingrad to Berlin.
During his service he did not receive a single wound and is awarded four military awards.
After the war, he tries to make a military career, but a year later falls under the all-Union mass demobilization.
After that, in August 1946, he entered the Minsk Institute of Physical Education, and in June 1950 he graduated and received the qualification of a teacher of physical education.
After graduating from the Minsk Institute, Semyon returns to his place in the North Caucasus and gets a job as a physical teacher at the Pyatigorsk Pedagogical Institute.
After working for only 4 months he receives a severe reprimand with a warning, and he leaves of his own accord.
His next job is as a physical teacher at the Pyatigorsk Pharmaceutical Institute, located in a nearby building.
There he will work for 3.5 years, receive two reprimands, one of them for rude and tactless treatment of students.
In 1954 he will be fired for absenteeism, and receives another negative characterization.
Semyon moved from Pyatigorsk to the neighboring town of Lermontov, where he worked for 4 years as a physical education instructor in a secondary school until December 1958.
Since 1951, Semyon, having completed course for instructor and at the same time as a physical teacher, he begins working during the holidays as an instructor in local tour centers.
In December 1953, Semyon receives the second category in tourism, with which he will go on a hike with Igor to receive the first category.
Since 1952, Semyon has been living in a civil marriage.
In February 1956, they had a son, and six months later, in August, the common-law wife leaves Semyon, taking the child with her.
Semyon, plunges into depression, decides to radically change his life.
Since he was not a sociable person but he had to work with people, in particular with children, it became a burden for him.
He decides to find a quiet work in a managerial position at one of the tour centers.
For a managerial position, he needs to have first category of tourism.
In addition Semyon plans to get the title of Master of Sports in Tourism, which is very honorable.
He wants to surprise everyone with his achievement.
Zolotaryov's trek book (fragment)
To become a Master of Sports, he needs to go on treks of each type of tourism: hiking, water, as well as winter skiing.
He has to go on treks in the first and second categories of difficulty for each type of tourism.
Next, he will need a winter ski trip of the third (highest) category of difficulty.
In the summer he could lead a trek of the highest category, complete the requirement for the title Master of Sports, and by autumn get a job at one of the tour centers in the North Caucasus, in a position up to a director.
At the beginning of 1957, Semyon fired up by this idea makes the easiest plan to achieve his goal.
For the next two years he will live this dream.
In the summer of 1957, Semyon goes hiking in the Caucasus.
At the beginning of 1958 he goes on a ski trek in the Carpathians, and in the summer he goes on a water trek in Altai.
There Semyon meets someone who has friends in the UPI tour section.
Semyon asks to help him get into a winter hike of the highest category.
That person promised to write to a friend and explain the situation, and agreed that as soon as he received an answer, he would forward the letter to Semyon.
In September 1958, Semyon returns from Altai to school in Lermontov and awaits the letter with information about a winter trek in UPI.
At the beginning of December, Semyon receives a letter in which he is informed about the planned trek at the end of January, and a recommendation to contact Sergey (Sogrin).
The school director refuses to give leave for a hike in the middle of the school year and Semyon, having caused another scandal, quits.
Semyon is looking for a job closer to Sverdlovsk and in mid-December gets a job as an instructor at the Kourovskaya tour base.
Before the New Year, having received permission to hike, he goes to his home in Lermontov for the New Year's holidays.
At home, suffering from loneliness, Semyon decides to tattoo himslef in memory of his only friends, the ones he had while fighting the war.
Now he has nothing to fear that with such tattoos he will not be hired to work with children, because he is no longer going to work as a teacher.
Zolotaryov's tattoos
After the New Year holidays, Semyon goes to Sverdlovsk, where he finds and meets Sergey, who takes him into his group, and even provides Semyon with accomodation at his apartment.
Semyon is preparing with Sergey and 3 days before the hike he finds out that Igor's group is leaving on the same day, and his trip is 10 days shorter.
Semyon turns to Igor with a request to join his group. Igor, having consulted with the group and relying on Semyon's professionalism, takes him to his group, having no moral right to refuse.
But Semyon does not suspect that Igor leads the toughest and most strenuous hikes in the UPI tour section.
Semyon's age and physical fitness are not able to withstand the demands of Igor, as he hikes not to get sports awards, but to test himself under the most difficult conditions.
If we take into account Igor's authoritarianism and Semyon's unruly nature, the conflict would only be a matter of time.
Chronology of events:
January 28
Krivonischenko camera film 6 frame 33
Yuri (Yudin), knowing firsthand what kind of stress Igor has, feeling the incipient pain, and fearing to disrupt Igor's trip (in case of a complication of the disease, due to the heaviness of the backpack and the cold), decides to turn back. His load (2-3 kg) is distributed among all the participants, making the already overloaded backpacks heavier.
On this day, two diary entries were made: Zina and Lyuda (in her diary, Lyuda's entry is cut off due to the fact that, having started writing her diary, she had to postpone it and fill out the group diary).
At 11.45 the group set out on the route, the temperature is -8°C (17°F), they ski along Lozva, each one breaking a trail for 10 minutes.
Zina in her diary twice complains about the weight of the backpack.
In the evening, they sing songs by the fire for a long time.
After that, they did not sleep for a long time and argued about something in the tent.
By the way, for all 10 days of the hike, Semyon is mentioned in the diaries only in the first two days.
For the remaining 8 days there is not a word about him.
It is also unknown whether he fulfilled the duties of an attendant or was released from it.
January 29
On this day, the first key event takes place, which disrupts the climate in the group and irrevocably spoils the attitude of all the guys towards Semyon.
Turning from Lozva to Auspiya, Igor begins to lead the group in the forest, following the trail of a hunter, as it is more challenging and interesting, instead of calmly walking along the river, following the trail of the Mansi sleigh.
Semyon, at one of the halts, already feeling tired, begins to advise Igor where it is better, and most importantly, easier to go.
Igor is very indignant at this and asks Semyon not to tell him where to go.
It was then that Semyon begins to understand that is dealing with someone that loves power.
A little later he will understand that he is also extreme.
It becomes clear that Igor will not cut him any slack.
Semyon has a personal dislike for Igor, and the guys, seeing Igor's toughness toward Semyon, start feeling anxiety.
This very moment was captured by Kolya at a halt:
Outraged by each other, Semyon and Igor, and between them sits Yuri, puzzled by this situation.
After this incident, Lyuda, who until that day had all the records sufficiently detailed, ceases to keep a diary altogether.
She realized that this trip, due to the presence of Semyon, was already been ruined, and she had no desire to record the negative development in her diary.
This situation strained everyone so much that on this day no one dared to fill out the group diary, because the incident would have had to be mentioned somehow and could have caused unnecessary problems.
From that day on, only Zina and Igor leave entries in the diaries.
Kolya will only make a formal entry in the general diary tomorrow evening, retroactively.
On that day, only Zina will leave an entry in her diary, but she will not want to mention it either.
Zina will write that Yurka has a birthday that day, that they turned from Lozva to Auspiya, and by the end of the day she, Rustik and Yuri went ahead, and that they were sitting and waiting for the others.
It seems that Semyon is already starting to slow down the group.
From that day on, the group no longer sings songs and does not conduct evening discussions.
The spirits are low and for the next two days there is not a single smile in the photographs.
Krivonischenko camera film 1 frames 21-22-19
January 30
Daytime temperature -13°C (8°F), in the evening -26°C (-15°F).
The day passes in the same mode as yesterday: the forest, the loss of the trail, access to the river for a light duty and again into the forest.
And the overnight stay will be, as Igor writes the day after "surprisingly good", which is not surprising, because after such loads everyone sleeps "like the dead".
Only Igor, having arranged the "course of a young soldier" for Semyon, due to his youth, does not understand that Semyon is 15 years older than them and at the age of 38 he is not to recuperate so easy overnight as at 23.
Semyon's fatigue and anger will only grow bigger.
Krivonischenko camera film 1 frame 20
January 31
The weather is getting worse every day, and this day is "worse than yesterday" again.
On this day, the second key event takes place. Igor, as it is typical for him, does not walk along the river, but gradually moving away from it, leads the group through the forest, along a steeper ascent, using a very controversial and exhausting "new method of progressive walking", in which a "non-stop way of laying the track" is invented.
They raise to the pass.
Seeing the slope of Kholat Syakhl, on which a blizzard is raging, and the wind "is similar to the air coming from an airplane engine" Igor realizes that this is an ideal place for a cold training night.
He tells the group about his decision.
How Semyon reacted to this can be seen in this photo:
Krivonischenko camera film 1 frame 28
Semyon understands that simple persuasion will not work on Igor and, already in a harsh form, is trying to pressure and dissuade Igor from this idea.
Semyon perhaps is offering to make the cold night in the foothill of the mountain, in the forest, in milder conditions.
Semyon can be understood, he was not ready for such training, but there is only one tent and the group can not split in two.
Igor did not want to deprive himself of such a training, especially since no one invited Semyon to this trek.
Semyon himself asked for it, and the demands for a softening of the regime from the candidate for Master of Sports cause bewilderment in Igor.
Moreover, Igor has a law in his treks: the actions of the leader are not discussed!
And Semyon has already violated it twice.
Igor refuses Semyon, explaining that the tent is one and there is no other choice, but Igor's patience is already at its limit.
It is not known whether Semyon knew before the hike that Igor was planning a cold overnight stay, but you need to understand that a cold overnight in a tent under such conditions is like torture.
This is a sleepless night, after which you will still need to ascent Otorten.
It is difficult to imagine how Semyon felt, given his general fatigue and the fact that he was born and lived in the warm Kuban climate.
Not finding a place for a storage near the pass, the group descends back to Auspiya.
After this conflict, even Zina finally lost her desire to keep her diary, although for the last two days she at least somehow tried to do it, not paying attention to the prevailing gloom in the group.
On this day, only Igor will make an entry in the diary, and it will also be the last entry: "Tired and exhausted we started the preparations for the night...
We are having dinner right in the tent. It's warm.
It is hard to imagine such a comfort somewhere on the ridge, with a piercing howl of the wind, hundreds kilometers away from human settlements."
February 1
Igor prepares the group for a cold night.
Gives everyone a good rest and sleep.
While everyone is working on the storage, Georgiy writes the satirical combat leaflet "Evening Otorten" and hides it in his backpack to cheer everyone up in the evening in the cold tent.
3 PM – the group has lunch and leaves for Kholat Syakhl at 3.30 PM 5 PM – reach the camp site on the ridge.
6 PM – set up a tent and change, quickly putting on dry clothes so as not to lose precious warmth.
A cold overnight stay with a squall wind and temperatures below -30°C (-22°F) is a great danger to health, so Igor appoints a turn of duty for one hour.
Not everyone has a watch, so Georgiy's wrist watch is handed from one attendant to another.
Kolya is the first to be on duty, and he puts on Georgiy's second watch, which after the shift will have to be passed on to the next duty attendant.
In the tent, Semyon, feeling cold and angry, again begins to make claims to Igor and another conflict occurs, after which Igor's patience bursts and he decides to severely punish Semyon, knowing perfectly well how it will end for him.
Igor announces the early termination of the trek.
Semyon goes into a rage!
He understands that after his return, the consequences for him will be catastrophic.
Hiking activities will be closed for him forever.
He will be fired with a "wolf ticket".
All his life Semyon was haunted by failures, and another dream with which he lived for the last two years was shattered.
He has nothing more to lose, he decides to punish Igor and the guys who never accepted him.
"You wanted a cold night?
You will have a cold night!"
Here you need to understand that Semyon is a front-line soldier who is trained in the science of hand-to-hand combat, destruction of the enemy in the shortest possible time, using special techniques or edged weapons.
Judging by the awards and no wounds, Zolotaryov mastered this science perfectly.
6:15 PM – Semyon silently makes his way to the exit, opens the tent and grabs the ice ax that lies at the entrance.
Kolya is on duty, he is also located at the entrance and, seeing that Semyon grabbed the ice ax, tries to detain him, but receives a blow with his elbow in the temple and falls unconscious with a broken skull.
An example of a skull injury after an elbow blow to the head:
Elbow blow trauma
Semyon quickly jumps out of the tent, while hitting Yuri in the face, who also tried to detain him.
Semyon stands at the entrance and now anyone who dares to get out of the tent is guaranteed to get an ice ax in the head.
The guys were in shock.
Semyon, threatening to chop everyone with an ice ax, orders everyone to take off their jackets and felt boots, and leave the tent one by one.
Everything happens so quickly that the guys have no time to think it over, and the shock from Kolya lying unconscious makes them fulfill his demand.
Everyone takes off their jackets and felt boots, and begins to get out, some in socks, and some in slippers.
The last two, Igor and Rustem, he orders to get Kolya out.
Rustem grabs the checkered shirt and felt boots lying with Kolya, and Igor tries to take out his jacket, which Semyon notices and forces him to throw it away.
Already outside the tent, Semyon makes everyone take off their slippers and hats (Zina and Lyuda, standing behind the guys, take off and hide their hats) and orders them to go down, taking Kolya with them.
Kolya remains clothed, he is carried by six: two are holding his hands, two are holding his legs, and two are holding his jacket, so six pairs of tracks are in formation.
The seventh is walking alongside.
Photo of the footprints 1959
An approximate diagram of the guys carrying Kolya:
Semyon is alone.
Visibility no more than 30 meters (100 feet), temperature -30°C(-22°F), wind, blizzard.
He waits for the guys to disappear from sight and, after waiting a little longer, climbs into the tent and makes 2 short cuts (one at the entrance, the other in the middle of the tent) for observation.
Semyon, after thinking it over and realizing that the situation is developing in his favour, is going to make everything look like an accident.
He checks all the diaries for negative references to him, and cleans up Igor's diary, leaving only two entries in it: for January 24 and 30.
In the investigation this diary will be called "copy of Zina's diary".
Then he realizes that the visibility from the tent is very limited and he can be bypassed on the left.
He pulls off the northern stretch straps and lowers the north end of the tent.
Makes a long cut for observation and in the event of an attack he will able to leave the tent both through the entrance and through the cut.
He shortened the ski pole that held the north skate, making a circular incision, and uses it as a second pole for support of the lowered north skate.
The skis holding the middle of the tent on a rope, he sticks at the entrance.
Now it is impossible to approach him imperceptibly, and the already unnecessary short cut at the entrance, he plugs with Rustem's jacket.
He finds a flask of alcohol and occasionally takes a sip, snacking on a loin.
At some point, he urinated at the entrance to the tent, because now there is no need to go farther from the tent.
Meanwhile the guys go down the slope and at 7 PM stop at the cedar.
They were blown hard on the slope for 30-40 minutes while they were descending.
The guys understand that Semyon will not freeze on the slope all night, but he also cannot leave without being convinced of their death.
He will wait 2-3 hours, which will be enough for the frostbite to set, and he will definitely go down to them.
Since they have no chance in an open fight, they plan to set up an ambush.
After scouting the area, they find a windless place in a ravine with a frozen stream, 50 meters (164 feet) from the cedar perpendicular to the path from the tent, with good snow blows that can be used for an ambush.
Kolya is well fastened and taken to the stream.
A little higher, 6 meters (20 feet) away, having dug out holes for the ambush in the snowy bank, they begin to make a flooring from the tops of fir trees, which are cut at a distance of 30 meters (100 feet) from the stream to the cedar.
A trail of pine needles will follow from the cedar to the den.
From the tent, the path leads to the cedar, from the cedar the path leads to the stream.
Kolya lies up the stream.
He remained where he was laid while the flooring was being made, because there is no wind there.
Behind Kolya there is an ambush point in the snow blows, and a little further is the flooring.
They shouldn't make fire near the flooring, because Semyon will see this it and then it will be impossible to predict his actions.
He should only be able to follow in the footsteps of the guys, and they will lead to an ambush.
A duty attendant sits at the cedar, who is replaced every 15 minutes and who must warn in time about the approach of Semyon in order to have time to take their position in an ambush.
While the guys were making the flooring, Yuri and Georgiy were on duty at the cedar.
They made a fire in such a way that the person on duty can be between the fire and the cedar.
One climbed on the cedar, the second warmed up by the fire.
They used Kolya's checkered shirt, which Rustem grabbed from the tent.
While they had strength, they took turns climbing the cedar, making an observation window in the branches so that they could notice the approaching Semyon as early as possible.
Because of this, they spent a lot of energy, they were more exhausted than the rest, and at 8:30 PM Yuri dies on duty from pulmonary edema.
By 9 PM Georgiy also dies on duty.
Because the attendant is between the fire and the cedar, Georgiy put his frostbitten leg too close to the fire, received a burn, and in order not to miss Semyon and not let the guys down, having already fallen and losing strength, he tries not to fall asleep by biting his skin on his finger.
As a result the bitten piece of skin breaks off.
Th etwo of them were discovered and dragged away from the fire by the attendant who came on duty.
Igor, on his watch, decides to cut off their clothes in order to warm the others, puts them on the flooring and makes a seat for the person on duty at the cedar.
He does not take any piece of clothing for himself.
In order not to get lost on the way back, Semyon straps on a compass on his left hand, and puts on a mask for the wind.
He takes two flashlights out of the tent, turns them on to check which one works better.
He leaves one flashlight on top of the tent, which is already covered with 5-10 cm (2-4 in) of snow.
At 9 PM Semyon begins to descend down the tracks left by the guys, leaving behind an eighth track.
He walks 450 meters (1500 feet), the footprints of the guys are clearly visible and the visibility is acceptable.
Because the light of the flashlight can forewarn about his approach, Semyon throws out the flashlight, which turns on from impact on the ground ice.
At the time of Semyon's approach to the cedar, five hikers are still alive.
Since one is on duty at the cedar, there are only four seats on the flooring, made of clothes cut from Yuri and Georgiy.
The diagram is approximate, the guys are sitting on the flooring.
They will stand in ambush when the duty attendant comes running and reports:
At 9:30 PM, 30 meters (100 feet) from the cedar, the duty attendant Rustem notices Semyon and runs to warn the guys.
Since the only boots the guys had was passed on to the duty attendant, Rustem will remain in them, and some of the things on which the duty attendant was sitting will later be scattered by the wind some distance from the cedar in the direction of the flooring.
The warned guys take their places in ambush.
Semyon approaches the cedar, sees the already frozen Yuri and Georgiy and goes further along the trodden path leading to the flooring.
Lyuda, realizing that they have little chance against Semyon, decides to talk to him and meets Semyon before being ambushed.
Semyon approaches Lyuda and Lyuda tries to speak, but Semyon grabs Lyuda by the throat with his left hand and breaks the hyoid bone with his fingers, and with the camera case, which is firmly clamped in his right hand, he strikes her in the nose.
Lyuda falls on her back, covering her face with her hands, and Semyon inflicts 1-2 kicks in the chest, breaking her ribs.
On the slope of the mountain from the tent to the cedar there was a strong wind, and even approaching the cedar, Semyon began to freeze.
He deliberately did not begin to warm himself too much so as not to limit his movements with too much clothes, but when he saw two people who were frozen near the cedar and a weakened Lyuda, he believed that no one will offer serious resistance.
He decides to warm himself up, takes off Lyuda's woolen hat and puts it under his leather hat with earflaps, unbuttons her fur vest, turns it over her head, pulls the vest off through her hands and puts it on himself.
Lyuda will remain lying in this position, hands up.
The ledge on which the searchers will find Lyuda was sloping (30-40°) in winter covered with ice. In the spring the ice melted under her and she ended up in a kneeling position.
Because of the broken hyoid bone, Lyuda's mouth was slightly open.
She was lying with her face against the current, her tongue and eyes washed with a strong stream of water.
Semyon follows the tracks, passes Kolya, notices the flooring ahead, and at this moment Rustem pounces on him from an ambush and, grabbing Semyon by the waist, pushes him towards Igor.
Igor grabs Semyon's legs and they throw him on the ice.
Then Igor moves to Semyon's chest, and Zina began to hold his leg.
Semyon manages to deliver a strong blow to Rustem on the head.
Rustem is lightly knocked down, but he quickly comes to his senses and tries to hold Semyon's right hand, striking with his left hand.
Semyon strongly resists, tries to break free and hits the guys.
The hands of all the guys are frostbitten and not functional, so Zina grabs Semyon's leg with her forearms and tries to hold it with her face, getting abrasions on her face and scratching her hands on the ice.
Since Kolya is lying next to him, Igor and Zina periodically kick him with their feet.
Semyon's left hand is holding Sasha by the throat and he is trying to free himself.
Igor, having inflicted several punches with his fists and realizing that he could not bring much damage with his frostbitten hands, starts pressing from above with his knees, using the weight of his whole body.
Pressing the knee on Semyon's chest breaks his ribs, and pressing on his stomach causes defecation.
Semyon stops resisting, his body goes limp.
Having died a violent death, Semyon now himself becomes a victim and thereby receives an iron alibi.
Sasha's throat is injured, he will remain lying next to Semyon.
Kolya lies next to them, followed by Lyuda.
For 25 days, snows up to 5 meters (16 feet) high will accumulate into the creek ravine and they will be found only in May.
Igor, Rustem and Zina decide to return to the tent, where their only salvation is the stove, but Igor has strength only to walk 300 meters (1000 feet), Rustem - 450 (1500 feet), Zina - 650 (2100 feet).
Igor was unique in everything, and he will die like no one else - looking at the sky.
Zina's heart will be the last to stop, on February 1, 1959, at 11 PM.




















#1242 fortyck



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Napisano 08 październik 2020 - 20:21

Zolotaryov's meltdown




Source (Russian):


English: https://dyatlovpass....olotaryovs-m...



Aleksandr Surkov's scenario explores the idea of two opposites clashing, Igor and Semyon.


Semyon does not suspect that Igor leads the toughest and most strenuous hikes in the UPI tour section.


Semyon's age and physical fitness are not able to withstand the demands of Igor, as he hikes not to get sports awards, but to test himself under the most difficult conditions.


If we take into account Igor's authoritarianism and Semyon's unruly nature, the conflict would only be a matter of time.




















#1243 fortyck



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Napisano 08 październik 2020 - 20:21

Tried for bribery and traitor brother
Dyatlov Pass wtorek, 8 PAŻDZIERNIKA 2020


New documents found about the most mysterious member of the Dyatlov group
All rights belong to Komsomolskaya Pravda.



The most mysterious member of the Dyatlov group was the 37-year-old combatant Semyon Zolotaryov.
In the winter of 1959, nine hikers-skiers disappeared in the mountains of the Northern Urals.
They were participating in a trek led by Igor Dyatlov.
A month later, rescuers found their tent cut open.
Within a radius of one and a half kilometers from it they found five frozen bodies.
The rest of the group were found only in May.
Almost all the hikers were barefoot and half-naked.
Some have fatal injuries.
It is still not clear why the guys fled to the bitter frost and to their death.
It is known that the most mysterious figure in the Dyatlov group was the 37-year-old combatant Semyon Zolotaryov.
After the war he graduated from the Minsk Institute of Physical Education and went to the secret and closed city of Lermontov.
He got a job as a physical training teacher.
People who knew Semyon said that he, being a communist, was not an example of morality for a Soviet person and that he had a unruly character.
He committed misconduct for which someone else would have been both expelled from the party and fired from his teaching position.
But for some reason Semyon Zolotaryov got away with it.
Some researchers of the tragedy of the Dyatlov group believe that Zolotarev could have been an unofficial employee of the security agencies.
And even that he went with a secret mission on that fateful expedition.
Recently we managed to get an interesting document - the minutes of a closed party meeting, at which the moral character of Semyon Zolotaryov is once again examined.
And in this document the life and character of our protagonist are reflected quite vividly.
The atmosphere of those years is also interestingly shown here: theft at various levels and the leading role of the Communist Party in educating its members who have tripped.


Some researchers of the tragedy of the Dyatlov group believe that Zolotarev could have been an unofficial employee of the security agencies. And even that he went with a secret mission on that fateful expedition.


Here is the full document, including our comments.
Extract from the minutes of a closed party meeting of the primary party organization at secondary school № 18 dated May 9, 1955.
Personal file of Comrade Zolotaryov, member of the CPSU.
Listened to:
1. Comrade Zhidkovа, who reported that during the distribution of apartments, Zolotaryov's wife, Comrade Burgach, had bribed the head of the Housing and Communal Department.
If earlier Comrade Zolotaryov denied his involvement in this case, now he does not deny that the bribe was given with his consent.
It must be assumed that Zolotaryov is an accomplice in the bribing.
Investigating this issue, the Civil Code of the CPSU established that for 4 years Zolotaryov lived with his aunt at her expense, hiding his salary, treated her very rudely, even beat her (there is a medical record).
Then he moved to live with Burgach, where he also continued to behave rudely and hid his salary to save money.
Zolotaryov's gravest crime is that he concealed from the party the betrayal of his brother during the Nazi occupation and that his brother was shot as a traitor to his homeland.
2. Zolotaryov.
He said that the first time at the meeting, he behaved poorly, denying involvement in the bribery.
He said that it is his fault that he did not convince Burgach against it. In reference to his aunt, it was important that she deceived him, saying that she was buying food at the market while she was stealing from the sanatorium where she worked.
He started saving money while still a student.
In relations with his aunt, he was rude, because his nerves could not stand it.
And the beating in question happened by accident.
Here, too, he admits his guilt. As for the concealment of his brother's betrayal, at first he did not know about it, and then he believed that everyone is responsible for himself.
He is fully responsible.
It is his fault.
He admits his mistakes, Zolotaryov assured the party organization that he had corrected all the mistakes, he would work honestly, and asks to remain in the ranks of the party.


The most mysterious member of the Dyatlov group was the 37-year-old combatant Semyon Zolotaryov.


People who knew Semyon said that he, being a communist, was not an example of morality for a Soviet person and that he had a unruly character.
Little is known about Semyon's brother Nikolay. He was born in 1903, in 1941 he went to the front.
But soon after being wounded he returned home to the Kuban.
And after the occupation of the Kuban by the Germans, he went to their service.
Already in 1943 he was arrested and convicted of treason.
The verdict is execution.
The family never found out where his remains were buried.
But what is curious is that in the closed city of Lermontov in the 1950s, in the conditions of the strictest secrecy, uranium was mined.
And any newcomer was carefully checked by the state security authorities.
The relatives of the visitor were also investigated.
But they missed a man whose brother is a traitor!
How could this happen?
Or Semyon had a serious trump card, which, even after being exposed with his brother's betrayal, gave him the right to stay in the city?


Little is known about Semyon's brother Nikolay


Nikolay Alekseevich Zolotaryov, born in 1903, native of the village of Udobnoy, Otradnensky district of Krasnodar Territory, Russian.
He was mobilized into the Red Army by the Udobnoy Military commissariat and sent to the Crimean sector of the front in November 1941.
In March 1942, N.A. Zolotaryov was wounded and treated in a hospital in the city of Esentuki.
He went to live back in the village of Udobnoy.
In November 1942, after the occupation of this region of the Krasnodar Territory, he joined the auxiliary police unit under the local occupation administration.
After the liberation of this territory from the Nazi invaders, N.A. Zolotaryov N.A. was arrested on April 14, 1943.
The military tribunal of the Armavir garrison of July 8, 1943 convicted him under Art. 58-1 "b" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and sentenced to capital punishment - execution.
The verdict was carried out on August 24, 1943.
When you were elected secretary of the party organization, did you tell your biography? Answer: No, I didn't.
Why didn't you register your marriage with Burgach? Answer: She has no divorce from her first husband.
Who are your parents and where do they live? Answer: Father is a medical assistant, mother is a housewife, they live near Cherkessk.
What did you talk with Burgach in regards to the bribe? Answer: At first I agreed, and then I was against.
Did you live in the same apartment with Burgach until recently? Answer: Yes.
How do your parents live and how do you help them? Answer: My father receives a pension, I send groceries, I help with the household on vacation.
How much are you paid monthly? Answer: 1200 rubles.
For what purpose did you save money? Answer: The deposit is confidential.
What kind of troops did you serve during the war and did you have any awards? Answer: Served in the engineering troops, was awarded the Order of the Red Star and three medals.
How do you feel about your brother's betrayal? Answer: Blocked him from my memory as a traitor.
Semyon Zolotaryov's salary of 1,200 rubles in 1955 is not a bad salary, considering that the national average salary was 711 rubles.
The salary of a teacher was 742 rubles.
The maximum salary was for water transport workers - 906 rubles.
The minimum for collective farmers is 458 rubles, food and transportation industry workers - 449 rubles.
A kilogram (2 lbs) of white bread cost 3 rubles, rye 1 ruble, a kilo of beef 12 rubles 50 kopecks, a liter of milk 2 rubles 24 kopecks, butter 27 rubles 80 kopecks.
A bottle of vodka 22 rubles 80 kopecks.
Red caviar 36 rubles per kilo, black caviar 85 rubles.
The most expensive suit was 1,500 rubles.
Why Zolotaryov, who has nothing to do with uranium mining, has this salary remains unclear.
In fact the role of the combatant Semyon Alekseevich in the fateful expedition could have become fatal.
Listened to:
T. Zhidkova, who drew the attention of party members to Zolotaryov's character trait - greed.
Hence all the consequences that we are discussing today.
The second trait is insincerity.
Even his last written explanation is more sincere than what he said here.
This is the reason he didn't tell about his brother.
We are discussing today an ugly manifestation in the party.
We need to think about whether Zolotaryov's behavior is compatible with the title of a party member.
Comrade Zolotaryov.
His brother lived separately from the family, so nothing can be said about his upbringing.
I saved up money to buy a house or apartment.
He thought of all his actions and considers his behavior to be wrong.
T. Peskov, who immediately upon arrival at school had dealings with Zolotaryov about party work, which is not yet up to the party standards.
Zolotaryov was distracted from the work.
At the last meeting, Zolotaryov's behaviour was innapropriate, denied everything.
This suggests that Zolotaryov fell to the lowest level of human hypocrisy.
The facts forced him to come clean.
The fault of the party organization is that Zolotaryov's behavior has not yet been recognized at the meeting.
Considering his combat merits and the fact that he admitted his mistakes, he proposes to give Zolotaryov a severe reprimand with a final warning and an entry into his personal file.
T. Krikunov (the school director), who said that Zolotaryov's relationship with his family was known to him.
But the most important thing is that Zolotaryov hid his brother's betrayal.
As for work, last year he worked much better, then somehow he began to behave more carelessly.
But now, after the inspection, Zolotaryov began to work better.
Taking into account the latest decisions of the Central Committee of the party on the sensitivity of the approach to party members, and on the educational value of decisions, relying on the party charter, he proposes to issue a severe reprimand to Zolotaryov with a final warning and an entry into his personal file.
T. Polievktov says that silence after the instructor's message is not just silence.
It is very difficult to talk about the behavior of the secretary after we have discussed personal matters.
By asking questions, we tried to find out the morale of Zolotaryov.
Apparently, he has good inclinations, but he suppressed them within with his greed.
He agrees with the proposal of his comrades.
It is necessary to re-educate a person, direct him to the right path.
The spirit of a person born under Soviet rule should help him rebuild his behavior.
Proposals received:
Consider that Comrade Zolotaryov deserves expulsion from the party for all the above facts.
Given his participation in the Great Patriotic War, government awards, based on the party charter, we concider:
1. For dishonest behavior, expressed in complicity in giving a bribe, in the wrong attitude towards relatives and in hiding from the party the fact of his brother's betrayal during the period of fascist occupation, to give S.A. Zolotaryov a severe reprimand with a final warning and an entry into the personal file.
2. Release Comrade Zolotaryoev from the post of secretary of the party organization as having compromised himself.
Listened to:
Comrade Zolotaryov, who asked to leave him on the post of secretary of the party organization, since he would like to improve on this post.
Comrade Zhidkova, who said that Zolotaryov, apparently, did not understand that the communists are doing condescension to his good past and want to re-educate him.
So he should not be left as secretary.
The party meeting decides:
1. Give Comrade S.A. Zolotaryov a severe reprimand with a final warning and with entry into a personal file for dishonest behavior, expressed in complicity in giving a bribe, wrong attitude towards relatives and hiding from the party the fact of his brother's betrayal during the Nazi occupation.
2. Release Comrade S.A. Zolotaryov from the duties of the secretary of the party organization.
In the winter of 1959, nine hikers-skiers disappeared in the mountains of the Northern Urals. They were participating in a trek led by Igor Dyatlov.
We are often asked why we are so closely studying the biography of Semyon Zolotaryov, because his personal life is essentially not related to the tragedy in 1959.
We think that in fact the role of the combatant Semyon Alekseevich in the fateful expedition could have become fatal.
His character was a difficult one, hot-tempered and unruly.
We do not exclude that a confrontation between the leader of the trek and its most senior participant could have led to the tragic events.




















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Napisano 08 październik 2020 - 20:48

The criminal case was cut short
Dyatlov Pass wtorek, 8 PAŻDZIERNIKA 2020


This is the opinion of lawyers who carefully studied the documents of the investigation during the prosecutor's check.
All rights belong to Komsomolskaya Pravda.
The criminal case on the death of hikers is a puzzle that not a single researcher could solve.
In the winter of 1959, nine hikers disappeared in the mountains of the Northern Urals.
They were participating in a trek led by Igor Dyatlov, a fifth-year student of the Ural Polytechnic Institute.
For 18 days, the group had to ski 300 kilometers in the north of the Sverdlovsk region, ascending two peaks.
The hike was of the highest category of difficulty according to the 1950s classification.
A month after the group went missing, rescuers found their tent cut open and five frozen bodies within a radius of one and a half kilometers on the slope of an unnamed pass.
The corpses of the rest were found only in May.
The investigation found that some of the hikers died from the cold, but some of them had fatal injuries of unknown origin.
What exactly happened to the Dyatlov group is still unknown.
The criminal case on the death of the hikers is a puzzle that not a single researcher could solve.
It seems to be specially poorly stitched together so that no one would guess about the true cause of death of nine young and healthy people.
Or it was led by very careless investigators who wanted to spit on many procedural nuances.
In the case, for example, there are no orders to conduct a forensic medical examination of the corpses.
The histology results of five dead hikers are nowhere to be found.
It is not clear who is investigating the tragedy: the prosecutor of Ivdel Vasiliy Tempalov or the prosecutor-criminalist from the regional prosecutor's office Lev Ivanov?
For some reason, there is no good operational photography.
All photos are like from an amateur photo album.
And where did the interrogation of February 6 come from, if the investigation itself began on February 26?
And there is more.
28 January, 1959, 2nd Northern
To understand the peculiarities of the investigative actions of 1959, it was necessary to compare the case of the Dyatlov group with other criminal cases of that period.
This was done last year during an official check, which was carried out by the prosecutor's office of the Sverdlovsk region at the request of Komsomolskaya Pravda.
Three experts from the Ural State Law University tried to answer the following questions:
  • Was the criminal investigation into the death of the hikers been carried out in accordance with the requirements of the criminal procedure legislation and the rules of investigative actions at the beginning of 1959?
  • Were there any violations during the investigation, rendering the evidence collected in the case inadmissible?
  • Is the level of investigation in this case comparable to that of other cases in the same period?
The case on the death of Igor Dyatlov's group was initiated on February 26, 1959 and terminated on May 28, 1959.
The investigation period is 3 months.
Carried out were: 5 inspections of the scene of the incident, compiled a map of the area and sketches of the campsite of the group.
Including: photographing the scene of the incident and where the bodies were found, 9 forensic medical examinations, forensic and physical-technical expertise.
49 witnesses and an expert were questioned.
The place of death of the Dyatlov group
  • Some protocols of investigative actions were not signed by the attesting witnesses who were present during these procedures. For example, the act of the forensic medical examination of Slobodin's body was not signed by the witness S.V. Gordo, the acts on Kolevatov, Zolotaryov, Thibeaux-Brignolle and Dubinina were not signed by the forensic expert Churkina.
  • Numerous reservations, amendments, erasures of interrogation protocols and other investigative actions in the protocols are not confirmed by the signatures of the respondents.
  • The material evidence was not described in detail and was not attached to the case by a special decree. In addition, the fate of material evidence is not determined in the decision to terminate the case.
  • The investigation period was extended to three months on April 30, 1959, while the two-month investigation period expired on April 28, 1959.
  • The protocols of the examination of the corpses found under the cedar do not indicate the time of the examination and the temperature of the ambient air.
  • The description of the situation at the scene of the incident is inconsistent, which "does not contribute to the formation of a correct idea of the location of the inspection and what happened there".
  • The protocol of the inspection of the place under the cedar does not describe all the objects and items found there.
  • Interrogation records are not detailed enough.
  • The acts of forensic medical examination are short and not informative.
  • There was no planning of the preliminary investigation, different versions of the development of the event were not checked.
The case of the death of the Dyatlov group was initiated on February 26, 1959 and terminated on May 28, 1959.
For comparison, the experts studied other criminal cases of 1958-1960 in order to understand whether the flaws in the Dyatlov group case were typical for that period or not.
Here are the findings:
  • In the criminal case of July 21, 1960 on the MI-4 helicopter crash in the region of Ivdel, there are no signatures of the investigator and attesting witnesses under the act of forensic medical examination. Material evidence is not attached to the case by a special decree.
  • In the criminal case of September 2, 1960, on the fatal injury of three people at the Yasashnaya station, the acts of the forensic medical examination are not very informative and are written by hand on notebook sheets. The decision to dismiss the case was not signed by the investigator and not approved by the prosecutor.
  • In a rather weighty criminal case of October 29, 1959, into the disappearance of citizen Krutikov (two volumes in 236 and 117 pages), three witnesses were questioned after the case was closed. The decision itself to terminate a year later was canceled by the resumption of the case, but without the sanction of the prosecutor.
  • In the criminal case of October 6, 1959, on the murder of citizen Glinskih, there is no order to extend the investigation, and the act of the forensic medical examination was not signed by the attesting witnesses.
  • In the criminal case of September 29, 1958, on the abuse by the accountants of the Klyuchevskoy Sawmill, all investigative actions were carried out outside the time frame for the investigation, except for the interrogation of two witnesses. One of the protocols did not even have a date.
  • On February 6, 1958, an investigation into the fire in the village of Koshay began. It was established that it was arson. But they did not try to find who's responsible. They just closed the case without any explanation.
  • In the criminal case of September 10, 1958, on the death of Lyubyakin in the village of Bulanash, the decision to terminate the proceedings was made outside the investigation period. The seized weapon has not been examined, it has not been attached as material evidence, its further fate has not been decided. A forensic examination of the corpse was carried out on April 30, 1959, although the investigation was completed on December 31, 1958. From the authors: how long did the corpse lie in the morgue - 8 months? Or the examination was carried out in September, and only the protocol was signed at the end of April?
Quote the experts: "It should be noted that all versions of the circumstances of the death of the hiker's group were not thoroughly examined.
Thus, the investigating authorities fully worked out the version of the murder by the Mansi people, but other versions, in particular of an avalanche, a hurricane in the area of ​​the violated camp, and others, were actually not fully verified.
According to the results of a preliminary investigation, it was established that the death of the hikers was caused by hypothermia, and not as a result of someone's criminal actions.
However, all the reasons and circumstances of the incident were not established.
The decision to terminate the criminal case was made prematurely."
Investigative negligence, mistakes of investigators quite often happen in our time.
There are plenty of examples of this.
However, it is surprising that if one or two violations were revealed in other cases of the 50s, then there are too many of them in the case of the death of the hikers.
And this despite the fact that the case was under the control of the RSFSR prosecutor's office and even the Central Committee of the CPSU.
Did they treat this case from above with the same negligence, or did they the intention to create a puzzle to confuse everyone?
Lawyer Anton Sokolov: "It is strange that in this so-called examination there is no data on specialists confirming their competence in the issue under study - diplomas of relevant education, information about their work experience, and, most importantly, about their specialization are not attached - the question of whether they are specialists in areas of criminal procedure and criminal law.
In addition, this document cannot be called an examination, which, as a rule, is assigned only within the framework of a criminal case.
In our case, this is a study and, according to the law, experts are not responsible for the reliability of the conclusions within the framework of criminal law. Just the opinion of three experts about one investigated case.
Moreover, on some issues their opinion is rather controversial.
For example, the two-month period of preliminary investigation into the death of Dyatlov's tourist group expired on April 28, 1959.
The investigation was extended for up to three months on April 30, 1959, that is, in fact, "retroactively", which is a gross violation, entailing the recognition of evidence collected outside the time frame of the investigation - inadmissible.
But experts do not attach any importance to this."
Lawyer Olga Desyatova: "What is inadmissible evidence?
This is evidence that cannot be cited in a criminal case.
But this fact is practically ignored by experts.
However, on the other hand, they indicate that the case is not fully investigated.
Not considered all versions, etc.
Today we can say that in fact, all those violations, which are written about in the examination, can serve as a basis for canceling the decision to terminate the case."




















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Napisano 25 październik 2020 - 21:24

Перевал Дятлова (Трейлер)



Загадка трагической гибели девяти туристов на Урале в ночь с 1 на 2 февраля 1959 года не даёт покоя исследователям и по сей день.


В центре нового 8-серийного сериала – реальные люди, чьи биографии воссозданы с документальной точностью.


Вымышленными являются лишь главный герой, майор КГБ Олег Костин в исполнении Петра Фёдорова, и двое его приближённых.


Действие развивается в двух временных пластах: нечётные серии рассказывают о работе следствия, чётные раскрывают историю последнего похода Дятлова.

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Napisano 27 październik 2020 - 22:06




Could Zolotaryov be a saboteur?
Dyatlov Pass wtorek, 27 PAŻDZIERNIKA 2020 special correspondents have studied the archival military documents of the front line soldier Semyon Zolotaryоv
All copyrights belong to Komsomolskaya Pravda.
Semyon Zolotaryov. Experienced hiker, instructor of the Kourovka tourbase. Front line soldier. His personality is controversial. His biography is not all clear.
In the winter of 1959, nine ski hikers went missing in the mountains of the Northern Urals.
Leader of the group was Igor Dyatlov. A month later rescuers found their tent cut open.
Within a mile were discovered five frozen bodies.
The rest were found only in May.
The hikers died in a strange barely clad state.
Some had fatal injuries.
It is still not clear why the group fled into the severe frost and to their death.
Among the dead is 37-year-old Semyon Zolotaryov.
Experienced hiker, instructor of the Kourovka tour base.
Front line soldier.
According to some reports, he went to Otorten with the Dyatlov group to be eligible for the third category in sports tourism.
According to other testimonies, this journey should have been a significant event for him.
“The whole world will start talking about this expedition,” he said before leaving for the mountains to his students.
The words were prophetic.
More than 60 years later, no one knows the truth about the mysterious death of the hikers.
And the very personality of Semyon is very controversial.
His biography is not all clear.
He asked to be call Aleksander, not Semyon.
In the documents he sometimes wrote he was born on February 1, and at other times on February 2, 1921.
According to the registry of Udobnoy, his native village, his birthday is March 1.
In addition, there were discrepancies in the number of siblings he had.
In one questionnaire he stated that he had only two sisters, in the other - a sister and a brother.
Although, in fact, the family of paramedic Aleksey Zolotaryov had 5 children - Nikolay, Anna, Katerina, Maria and the youngest Semyon.
And during admission to the party in 1949, he impudently lied about military awards, saying that he had the Order of the Red Star and the medal For Courage.
But in his service record, in addition to the order, there were medals "For the Defense of Stalingrad", "For the capture of Königsberg" and "For the victory over Germany".
But "For Courage" is not on the list.
In the winter of 1959, nine ski hikers went missing in the mountains of the Northern Urals. Leader of the group was Igor Dyatlov.
There is an opinion that the military biography of Semyon has many holes.
We decided to check that biography against the archival documents of the Ministry of Defense.
Here are the results.
The beginning of the combat path of Semyon Alekseevich Zolotaryоv is described in the autobiography of his personal file in 1944 as a candidate for the CPSU, which we managed to find in the archives of the Ministry of Defense.
According to the custodian of the fund, since 1944 we are the only ones who requested these documents.
Semyon wrote in neat calligraphic handwriting: “In 1941, on October 18, the Udobnenskiy military registration and enlistment office was mobilized into the Red Army.
When I arrived at the unit, I was sent to study at the school for junior commanders.
I studied at the school for two months.
There I was awarded the rank of "junior sergeant" and sent to the unit as a squad leader.
With this unit, I participated in strengthening the defense of Rostov from February to March 1942...".
March 1942 Make a note of this date.
Then Zolotaryov writes: “In May 1942 I participated in the battle near Kharkov.
(In this battle, according to the recollections of junior sergeant Avetikyan, almost the entire battalion was killed. 20 people out of 450 survived.
Zolotaryov, as you know, went through the whole war without injuries, - Author).
From July to December 1942 he took part in the defense of Stalingrad.
On July 2, 1943 he arrived at the 104th battalion."
In the registration party form for Semyon Zolotaryov we read the following information:
  • From October 1941 to August 1942 he served as a squad commander on the Southwestern and Don fronts in the 1570 separate sapper battalion (hereinafter referred to as 1570 SSB).
  • From December 1942 to July 1943 - 11th Mobile Floating Assault brigade(hereinafter referred to as 11 MFAB).
  • From July 1943 to April 1945 - 104th Separate Pontoon Bridge battalion (hereinafter referred to as 104 SPBB).
  • From April 1945 to May 1945 - 13th Pontoon Engineering Regiment.
  • From May 1945 to April 1946 - a cadet of the Moscow Military Engineering School.
  • From April 1946 to August 1946 he was a cadet at the Zhdanov Leningrad Military Engineering School.
Next, we will present extracts from documents on military units in which Zolotaryov fought, according to his testimony.
1570 SSB
The order for the formation of this battalion was given on November 3, 1941 by the commander of the 24th sapper brigade, Colonel Bazhenov:
"The sapper battalions of the brigade shall be assigned numbers 1562-1580 in accordance with the order of the North Caucasus Military District №00421 dated October 21, 1941."
On 5 November, interim battalion commanders are appointed.
1570 OSB is headed by political instructor V.A.Stateikin, and political instructor Y.M. Kurt becomes the military commissar.
On December 2, by order of the brigade commander, Stateikin was replaced by captain M.V. Zaitsev.
On November 30, 1941, the staff of the 24th sapper brigade, according to the summary combat note, was 9122 people.
Each battalion has approximately 450 soldiers.
The list of the battalions at that time was not preserved.
There is only a list of the brigade headquarters.
Therefore, it is impossible to reliably either assert or deny that Semyon served in 1570 OSB.
The training battalion did exist then.
This is confirmed by an order dated December 1, 1941:
"On 30.11.41, cadet Semisenko was killed by cadet Zhurakovskiy by a rifle shot as a result of careless handling of weapons by the daytime training battalion, and cadet Nikolaev was seriously wounded.
The cadets Oleynikov and Zhurakovskiy appointed to the outfit, instead of clearly fulfilling their duties at the post, allowed themselves, in their own words, to "play" with the rifle, doing various kinds of techniques and moving the safety platoon.
The case should be transferred to the investigating authorities in order to bring the perpetrators to justice."
On January 22, 1942, another incident occurred in the 24th engineer brigade, which is shocking even now.
Around 1 am a fire broke out in the barracks of the 1562 battalion.
134 people died.
An excerpt from the order of the brigade commander: "This outrageous case was the result of criminal negligence on the part of the battalion command, which was absolutely ignorant of the fire safety issues.
This is evidenced by the panic and confusion that took place during the fire.
The preliminary investigation established that the battalion command, knew that the building was very hazardous in terms of fire, but did not take any fire-fighting measures.
There were no barrels of water, buckets, boxes of sand in the room.
The attendants on duty were not instructed on these issues."
20 MЕB
From the combat log: "On January 1, 1942, the 1570 battalion was transferred as part of the 64th brigade to the area of the 56th Army near Rostov in the Sala region, where it began to set up battery areas and an anti-tank ditch.
On March 25, the battalion, which has the best performance in its work, is assigned to a separate sapper battalion of the 28th Reserve Army and is deployed in Starobelsk (80 km or 50 miles north of Luhansk - Author)."
Order dated March 26, 1942:
"From this date the 1570 sapper battalion will be entirely at the disposal of Colonel Savich in Starobelsk to carry out a special assignment.
Reason: directive of the headquarters of the 8th sapper army №01003 of March 20."
On April 14, 1942, the battalion was excluded from the 24th sapper brigade.
From the political reports of the neighboring 12th Engineering Battalion, it is known that Colonel Savich is the deputy commander of the engineering troops of the 4th Panzer Army.
And about the battalion's special mission is written in the battalion's combat log:
"On April 10, the battalion was building a bridge across the Burluk River (near Kharkov, - Author) for the tanks.
From 12 to 25 April it was conducting training of personnel.
April 26-28 it was building a bridge across the Severny Donets River near the village of Hotnya.
From May 5 to June 10, it served 6 bridges on the Severny Donets River in the Pisarevka area.
In addition, the battalion carried out its own engineering structures, the construction of barbed wire and mining of fields."
But on June 10, the Germans break through our defenses.
The battalion command decides to block the enemy's path and hold the crossings until the rifle sub units approach.
For more than a day, sappers held back the enemy's onslaught, losing 30 people killed.
And at this moment and further, the battalion withdrew last, covering the retreat of the Soviet troops.
Often, instead of bread, fighters are given flour and dry rations, the cavalry вас not provided with fodder, which led to the depletion of the latter."
In such difficult, to put it mildly, conditions, our fighters performed real feats.
In Semyon's party application form, we recall that from August 1942 to December 1942 he served in the 20th motor-engineering battalion.
In fact, the 20th МЕB was formed on September 1, 1942.
Perhaps the discrepancy in one month is not important, given that it was wartime, but there is a more serious disparity.
Zolotaryov wrote that he served in the 20th battalion until December 1942. However, the combat log contains an order to disband this battalion as early as October 1, 1942:
"By order 0052 dated October 1, 1942, the 12th separate engineer battalion, the 1414th separate engineer battalion, and the 20th motorcycle-engineering battalion (20 MEB) were disbanded.
Form 323 separate army engineering battalions from the disbanded battalions.”
The commander of the new battalion was appointed Major Spinul, the commander of the 20 MEB, and the military commissar - the battalion commissar Golubev, who was also the military commissar of the 20 MEB.
Even if Semyon forgot the date of the disbandment of his battalion, it should be indicated in his army book.
But the most curious thing is that Major Spinul on October 8 issues a 15-page order on the staff list of the new battalion.
And the squad leader Semyon Alekseevich Zolotaryov is not in it.
In his personal file to become member of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, Semyon skips the 20th battalion altogether, indicating that since September 1942 he has been serving as a squad leader in the 11 easy-crossing park.
On November 10, 1942, the 11th Mobile Floating Assault brigade is part of the engineering forces of the Don Front.
And on November 20, it is subordinate to the 24th army.
We couldn't find in the archives a single document related to the 11th MFAB, nor in the inventory of the engineering troops of the Don Front, nor in the 24th army, to which the "ghost" of the 11th MFAB was later transferred.
104 SPBB
The sapper Semyon Zolotarъоv is assigned to this pontoon battalion from the 11th brigade on July 3, 1943.
Тhis coincides with the data from the party application.
Moreover, the 104th battalion is formed from the best fighters of other units. For example, here is an order to the commander of the 50th pontoon-bridge battalion:
Of the 11 MFAB, the 104th battalion takes the 6 best junior commanders and 33 best Red Army men.
Among them (finally!) Is junior sergeant Zolotaryov Semyon Alekseevich.
So, since the beginning of the war, his name was first mentioned in military documents only on July 3, 1943.
Around that time, in Kuban liberated from the Nazis, the tribunal tried his older brother, Nikolay, accused of collaborating with the German invaders.
And on July 8, 1943, Nikolay was sentenced to death.
Such a strange coincidence.
On August 1, the battalion commander, Major Amelchenkov, asks to approve the list of servicemen who arrived from other units to issue medals "For the Defense of Stalingrad".
Major writes to the Chief of Engineering Troops of the Central Front:
"Presenting at the same time a personal list for the replenishment of privates, sergeants and officers who arrived in the battalion from other units, I report that the servicemen named in the list stated that they were participants in the defense of the city of Stalingrad, but they do not have certificates on hand and other documents confirming their participation in the defense of the specified city."
Among the other fighters in the alphabetical list is the pontooner Zolotaryov Semyon Alekseevich, who for some reason, becomes an anti-aircraft gunner and serves in an anti-aircraft machine gun platoon.
Chief Lieutenant Colonel Dudanov does not approve the list, demanding from Major Amelchenkov to issue it as expected - with signatures and seals.
The major duplicates the document, but this time Zolotaryov is at the very bottom of the list.
As if the clerk made a mistake and accidentally missed the fighter's surname, and then caught himself and wrote in.
The same situation is in the order of December 31, 1944 on awarding Zolotaryov the rank of senior sergeant.
Again, our hero is at the end of the list, and even in a different font.
Why is that?
In September 1944, Komsomol member Zolotaryov became a candidate for the party.
A delicate matter of seven sheets is wrapped in the newspaper "Word of the Fighter".
In it Semyon says: "I want to defeat the fascist gang as a communist."
Characteristics of fellow servicemen: "I have known Zolotaryov since July 1943 because we were serving together in the 104th battalion.
A disciplined commander, morally stable, demanding of himself and his subordinates."
And an autobiography, in which Semyon writes that he was born on February 1, 1921.
He has a brother and two sisters.
His brother was mobilized into the Red Army, and no one in the family was ever convicted.
Of course, in 1944, Zolotaryov might not have known anything about his brother's fate.
But how did he managed to forget about the third sister he had is not clear.
In April 1945, the 104th battalion was transferred to the regiment.
This also coincides with the data of Semyon's party application.
In the same month he accomplishes the feat.
"Senior sergeant Zolotaryov, under enemy artillery and mortar fire, transported 9 people on the night of April 21-22, 1945, pontoons with a topside on one 50-ton ferry.
Arriving at the place where the ferry was being assembled, Comrade Zolotaryov quickly and skillfully began to assemble the ferry.
The enemy began shelling this place with guns, mortars and machine guns.
One soldier was wounded, but senior sergeant Zolotaryov did not stop work, but he took the place of the wounded soldier and, with his example of fearlessness, inspired the soldiers to complete the task as soon as possible.
The same shell broke two girders and the flooring.
In about 300 meters in the swamp lay the platform from the broken ferry, then Zolotaryov got it up to his waist in water.
The Red Army soldier Korneev, without orders, went behind senior sergeant Zolotaryov and together drove the girders to the ferry being assembled.
The task was completed on time and the ferry was brought into the line of the bridge.
For the skillful command of the squad, for the courage and heroism shown, he deserves a government award."
By order of May 15, 1945, senior sergeant Zolotaryov was awarded the Order of the Red Star.
Semyon wrote that since May 1945 he has been a cadet at the Moscow Military Engineering School.
But according to the data of the school itself, he arrives there on July 6, 1945.
Again, it is not clear why Semyon was wrong about the dates.
From the staff files of the 13th engineering pontoon regiment we see that he was sent to study in Moscow only on June 29.
In April 1946, cadet Zolotaryov was transferred to the Leningrad Military Engineering School, from where he was demobilized in August of the same year, having received a pass certificate to the Kuban to the village of Udobnoy.
According to the laws of that post-war period, he had to register at the military registration and enlistment office and get a passport in order to live peacefully in civilian life.
However, Semyon unexpectedly goes to Minsk and enters the first year of the Institute of Physical Education. However, this is a completely different story.
The first thing that catches your eye when analyzing archival documents is the scope of Semyon Zolotaryov's specialties.
In the rank of squad leader, he serves as a sapper, pontooner, anti-aircraft gunner, and again as a pontooner.
This is a strange career, considering that all the years he was a squad leader and could "keep" a specialization.
Second, Semyon's military autobiography does not coincide with the archival data of a number of units.
And this does not exclude the fact that Semyon might not have been there, as if he was absent for a while.
The third is the lists in which Semyon's name does not appear alphabetically.
As if they were creating some kind of coverup for him.
But why?
There is a theory that in the first years of the war, the 1570 battalion was part of the 8 engineer army, from where the famous scout-saboteur Ilya Starinov recruited fighters.
He is also the organizer of the partisan movement.
For reference, Ilya Starinov is the deputy chief of staff of the engineering troops of the Red Army.
At the end of 1941, he was the head of the operational engineering group on the Southern Front.
In the spring of 1942 he was the commander of the 5th separate engineering brigade for special purposes.
A little later - the head of the High Operational School of Special Purpose of the Central Headquarters of the Partisan Movement, where scouts-saboteurs were trained.
And here, attention, in the affairs of the 8th engineer army we find an order: "On March 20, 1942, the chief of staff ordered:
23 and 25 Sapper brigades to allocate three vehicles and one soldier for each vehicle at the disposal of Colonel Comrade Starinov.
Submit the allocated cars to Rostov-on-Don at the corner of Budennovsky and St. Maxim Gorky by 9 o'clock on March 21, 1942.
Cars vehicles must be equipped for the transportation of mines."
We will remind you that Semyon wrote that he was helping the defense of Rostov from February to March.
But what if in March 1942 Semyon Zolotaryov ends up with Colonel Starinov and goes through a sabotage school?
Hero behind enemy lines until mid-1943?
Then for some reason he returns to the pontoon boats.
But acquaintance with Starinov ties Zolotaryov to the special services.
This could explain why he never talked about the war, how and where he learned to skillfully throw knives.
Indeed, for a pontooner and an anti-aircraft gunner, this is not the most required skill.
He is not opressed because of the betrayal of his brother, he is allowed to join the party.
They turn a blind eye to all his mischiefs, and when it comes to giving a bribe in the city of Lermontov, he was mildly reproached that if he does not change his ways he might also answer for his brother.
We, as always, are waiting for the reader's thoughts on the forum on this topic.
Senior Researcher, Research Institute of Military History Vladimir Fesenko:
"I got interested in the Dyatlov Pass at some point of time.
Semyon Zolotaryov surprised me with his participation in this expedition.
He did not belong by interests, or by age, or by experience with these young hikers.
But as far as the documents from archives and personal stories about the Great Patriotic War, there were not such inconsistencies in the biographies of the fighters.
The reason for this is the low level of office work.
Plus our carelessness.
Therefore, I would not pay much attention to timing mismatches.
In the early years of the war, it often happened that battalions were disbanded, and documents about this came from headquarters retroactively.
Zolotaryov's various specialization does not look out of the ordinary for me.
He was just the squad leader where he was sent, and served there.
Now, if he was an officer, then there would be a reason for discussion.
But the discrepancies in the questionnaires and autobiographies raise questions.
On the one hand, he could deviate from his real life in order to embellish himself or make the document convenient for certain purposes. Joining a party, for example.
On the other hand, how can you not remember how many brothers and sisters there are in the family?
It is also pointless to lie about it.
As for the brother, I agree that he might not have known about his fate.
But in 1944, such things were monitored and it was clearly brought to the attention of SMERSH battalion or special department.
And then he is calmly accepted as a candidate of the CPSU.
It's also strange.
But most of all in this story I am confused by the moment with the addition of his last name.
It can be seen from the document that it is added later with the same typewriter.
And his name stands out clearly.
And it is not in just one instance.
For a discussion of the historical background of those years, the material is very interesting.
But I would not begin to bring the whole base under the possible participation of Semyon in the sabotage operations of Ilya Starinov.
This version, of course, has the right to exist, but with a stretch."




















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Napisano 06 listopad 2020 - 23:30

Andrey Kuryakov, Photo: Vladislav Lonshakov / Kommersant
The initiator of the investigation into the death of Dyatlov group in the Urals was dismissed from the Prosecutor General's Office


Источник Kommersant Nov 2, 2020. Author Tatyana Drogaeva, Yekaterinburg
As it became known to Kommersant, the deputy head of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation for the Ural Federal District, Andrey Kuryakov, who was involved in checking the death of Dyatlov's group, was dismissed from the supervisory department.
The reason was a warning about incomplete official compliance from Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.
It was issued after a press conference at which Mr. Kuryakov announced the completion of the check on the death of the hikers.
Later it turned out that these statements were not coordinated with the Prosecutor General's Office, but were made for personal purposes - to prepare a dissertation.
The Kommersant source calls the main reason for the dismissal of Andrey Kuryakov his intention to promote his wife, who was the deputy prosecutor, to the post of prosecutor of Yekaterinburg.
She is now also fired.
Andrey Kuryakov left the office of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation for the Ural Federal District in October, a source in the department told Kommersant.
Prior to that, Mr. Kuryakov received a warning about incomplete official compliance from Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.
The reason for this was a press conference dedicated to the results of checking the death of Igor Dyatlov's group, who died in the mountains in the north of the Sverdlovsk region in 1959.
On it, Andrey Kuryakov said that the avalanche was the cause of the death of the hikers and that this version was fully confirmed.
As it turned out later, he did not make these statements on behalf of the GP, but to prepare a dissertation for the degree of candidate of legal sciences, follows from the document.
Igor Krasnov called it a disciplinary offense in the form of improper performance by Andrey Kuryanov of his official duties.
Andrey Kuryakov has worked in the department of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation for the Ural Federal District since November 2019.
Prior to that, since 2011, he headed the Department for Supervision over the Execution of Federal Laws of the Prosecutor's Office of the Sverdlovsk Region.
It is believed that it was thanks to him that the Prosecutor General's Office initiated the check into the Dyatlov's death.
The interlocutor of Kommersant said that although holding a press conference on behalf of prosecutors was a serious offense for Mr. Kuryakov, one of the main complaints about his work was the use of official powers.
"He tried to influence the change of the prosecutor of Yekaterinburg by promoting his wife Venera Kuryakova to this position, who served as the deputy prosecutor of the city."— told the source.
Venera Kuryakova was also dismissed from the city prosecutor's office.
Now the relatives of the dead hikers are seeking from the General prosecutor to officially refute the conclusions of the tragedy, which was voiced by Andrey Kuryakov.
In addition, Igor Dyatlov's sister Tatyana Perminova asked the prosecutor's office of the Sverdlovsk region to acquaint her with the results of the check, but she was refused.
The lawyer of the relatives, Evgeniy Chernousov, said that they would seek to initiate a criminal case under §a of Part 2 of Art.105 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (premeditated murder of two or more persons).
Relatives insist that the cause of the death of the hikers was a man-made disaster during the launch of a rocket.
Recall that a group of nine hikers from the Ural Polytechnic Institute led by Igor Dyatlov died during a hike in February 1959.
For 16 days of the hike, they had to ski more than 350 km and climb the mountains Otorten and Oyko-Chakur. However, they did not get in touch at the appointed time.
According to the prosecutor's office, the search operation began on February 20, during which the bodies of the hikers barely clad were found near the cut tent.
On February 26, 1959, a criminal case was opened.
During the investigation, it was found that the tent was abandoned suddenly and simultaneously by all the hikers.
There were no bodily injuries or signs of struggle on the corpses, all valuables remained intact.




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Napisano 24 styczeń 2021 - 19:09

January 23, 1959

The area through which the hike route passed was not sufficiently studied.


There are no detailed public maps of this area.


Igor appeals for help to a familiar geologist and pilot.


The geologist helps Dyatlov develop an optimal route.


The tourist club did not even have a map of the area where Dyatlov led his group.


It turned out that Dyatlov did not agree with anyone about the exact route of the group.


A route book was left without a route and a map showing the route of the group.


Dyatlov Group discussed various options for the route and Igor to send the final version for approval, but he did not.

On January 23, 1959, at about 9 pm, the Dyatlov Group consisting of 10 hikers, took train No.43 from Sverdlovsk to the city of Serov.



Lyuda Dubinina diary


23 january.


It’s the last day of preparations and everything has been quite hectic.


From eleven in the morning I was scampering between stores buying different bits and pieces.


And I was silly enough to buy five meters of cambric which cost 200 rubles.


I was packing in such a rush and of course I’ve forgotten at home my sweater.


Everyone was busy with something, and we had so many things to do.


Just before our departure, those who wanted to say goodbye came to meet us.


We were really short of time, but arrived at the railway station with seconds to spare.


Then we had to say goodbye to everyone.


Before leaving we sang a few songs, but in the cart Blinov group joined and we continue singing together.


Among all the most notable is Krotov's bass.


This time there were a lot of very new songs that we were writing down with the help of an instructor A Zolotaryov, who came with us on the trek.


At first nobody wanted this Zolotaryov, for he is a stranger, but then we all agreed, because you can't refuse.


Thus, as we were ten, and remained ten, for Slavka was not released by the faculty bureau.



Dyatlov Group diary


January 23
We're on the road again! We are now sitting in room 531, or rather of course not sitting but frantically shoving into backpacks oatmeal, cans, canned meat


The head of provision distribution (zavhoz) is overseeing that everybody gets everything.


Where are my felt boots?


Y. K. (Yuri Krivonischenko) Can we play mandolin on the train?

Of course!


We forgot the salt! 3kg



Where are you?


Where is Doroshenko?


Why didn't he take 20 packs?


Give me 15 kopeks (cents) to call.


The scales, where are the scales?


It doesn't fit, dam it.


Who has the knife?


Yuri take this to the station.


Slav Khalizov just got here.

Hello, hello!


Can I get 15 cents?

Lyuda is counting the money, lots of money.


The room is an artistic mess.

And here we are on the train.


We sang all the songs that we know, learned new ones, everyone goes to sleep at 3 (am).


I wonder what awaits us on this trip?


What will we encounter?


The boys solemnly swore not to smoke the entire trip.


I wonder how much will power they have to get by without cigarettes?


Everybody is falling asleep, and behind the window Ural taiga is spreading in all directions.

Z. Kolmogorova




Route of the trek by days





















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Napisano 24 styczeń 2021 - 22:18

January 24, 1959

January 24, 1959 In the city of Serov from 7-8 am until 18:30.


The train station, the incident - the detention of Yuri Krivonischenko, the 41st school, the story of tourism to schoolchildren of 1st and 2nd grade.


By train to Ivdel. Incident in a train with a drunk passenger*.

*On the train from Serov to Ivdel, a drunken passenger came to the group, stating that they had stolen a bottle of vodka from him and demanded to return it.


He was simply ignored, although the physically fit hikers could have easily confronted him.


The drunken passenger insisted on his rights and initiated a scandal.


As a result, the conductor had to take the loaded citizen causing the disturbance to the police at the station.


This incident is interesting not only for what was noted in the diaries, but also for the record that the Dyatlov himself made when preparing list of provisions for the trek.


Yuri Yudin could not get alcohol and Igor made a record; vodka, indian tea (illegible) matches.


If for some reason the hikers did not buy vodka, then it is possible that one of them could actually have stolen from the drunk passenger.


This is just a speculation.




City of Serov - Palace of Culture of Metallurgist



Monument of Serov, Alexander Kolevatov


Dyatlov Group diaryYuri Yudin writing in Dyat


January 24
7.00 (am) We arrived in Serov (town).


We traveled with a Blinov's group.


They have... things for hunting and other accessories.


At the station we were met with hell of a hospitality.


They didn't allow us into the building.


The policeman stares at us suspiciously.


There is no crime or vandalism in the city, as it suppose to be in times of communism.


And then Yuri Krivo started a song, the cops grabbed him and took him away.

At the attention of citizen Krivonischenko, sergeant explained that the rules of §3 prohibited all activity that would disturb the peace of passengers.


It is perhaps the only train station where the songs are forbidden, so we stayed without singing.

Finally everything is settled by end fo the day.


We are leaving Serov to Ivdel at 6:30 pm.


We were welcomed warmly in the school near the railway station.


The steward (she is also a janitor) boiled some water, and helped us with everything we needed for the preparation for the trek.


We have the whole day free.


We want to go to the city, to visit the nature museum or take a trip to a factory, but too much time is passed in distribution of equipment and cleaning it.

12.00 In the interval between 1st and 2nd shifts in school we organized meeting with pupils.


The room crammed with so many curious children.

Zolotoryov: "Kids, I will tell you now...


Tourism is, enables you to..."


Everyone is still, quiet, engaged.

Z. Kolmogorova: Tra- ta- ta- ta, what's your name, you went where, owesome, you have been camping, she went on and on...

Questions didn't end.


We had to explain and show to every kid everything, from torches to tents.


It took us 2 hours, and kids didn't want to let us go.


They sang songs to each other.


The whole school saw us at the station.


Everything ended as expected, when we were leaving, the kids yelled and cried, asking Zina to stay with them.


They promised to behave and study well.

In the train cart a young drunk accused us of stealing his booze from his pocket.


For the second time this day the cops were involved.

Discussion about love provoked by Z. Kolmogorova.


Songs, reassessment, Dubinina under the seats, garlic with bread and no water, and we arrived in Ivdel around 12 am.

Large waiting room.


Total freedom of action.


We took shifts to watch over our stuff all night long.


Bus to Vizhay leaves early in the morning.





Juri Yudin writing in Dyatlov Group diary


Unknown diary (could be Zolotoryov's)


January 24, 1959
Last night, about 9-00 we boarded the train №43.


At last.


There is 10 of us.


Bienko Slavik did not go, they did not let him.


We are going with a Blinov group.






Around 8 am we arrived in Serov.


We were not allowed to stay on the train station, the train to Ivdel is at 6-30 pm.


We are looking for a room.


We are trying to get into the club (to the right of the dining room of the station) and school, but fail.


Finally he (? not sure about the identity) finds school number 41 (about 200 meters from the train station), where we were very well received.




Semyon Zolotaryov with a bag of provisions


Lyudmila Dubinina diary


24 january went to bed We arrived in Serov very early.


We were not allowed in the station with the backpacks.


We settled nearby the station.


The boys cross the overseer, that's me, with accusations of stinginess and greed.


Alas, the canteen at this point is a great luxury for us.


There was one small incident - Yurka K. was taken by the police charging him with deception.


Our hero decided to walk around the station handing a cap for change after singing a song.


Yuri had to be rescued.

Then we managed to move to the elementary school together with Blinov group.


After lunch we began to prepare the equipment.


Decided to read talk to the children in 1st and 2nd grades about tourism.


They liked our stories and things very much, and they became very attached to us.


Time flew by till 6 pm in the company of our new young friends.


The children bonded so much, especially to Zina, that they parted with tears.

In the train we all sang songs accompanied with a mandolin and just like that.


Then out of the blue a young alcoholic came to the boys and accused them of stealing a bottle of vodka.


He demanded her return and promised to punch them in the teeth. In the end, he did not prove or get anything and got lost.


Yurka came and sang with us for a while and left.


We sang and sang, and no one even noticed how we started to discuss love issues, talking about kisses in particular.


We talked all kinds of nonsense, of course; everyone was interested, everyone wanted to speak out, eventually trying to out-shout each other and prove their own opinion.


Sasha Kolevatov was the best in our debates.


Probably he expressed not only his own thoughts but, anyway, he obviously won.


We arrived at night in Ivdel and bunked at the station.


We settled in the corner, spreading the tent, and laid down to sleep at once.


I stayed watch.


I used the time to sew overshoes and copy songs.


Yurkina Olva from time to time shouted probably from boredom and hunger.


I lasted till 3 am.


At that time I lay down, only Borya continue to sew something for a long time, but he finally retire.

Zhenya (Yevgeny Zinoviev) often picks on me, sometimes he even says offensive things.


He seem to consider me foolish.


It's my fault that I like to add fuel to the fire, damn me.




Serov, 41st school, the group is preparing for the trek. Zina Kolmogorova is holding a piece of felt.


Zinaida Kolmogorova diary


Here we are on a trek again.


Now in Serov.


The entire evening yesturday till 3 AM we sang songs.


With us is sr. instructor of the Kaurov sport base Alexander Zolotaryov.


He knows a lot of songs, it's just happy somehow that we are learning new songs.


Especially some the Zumba and others.


Today I feel little sad.


But it's nothing.


We are on duty with Rustik.


We went and talked to the schoolchildren, then they all saw us off, even burst into tears, didn't want to let us go.




Serov, 41-th school, Zina is cutting sheepskin insoles with felt scissors.


Zina Kolmogorova letter


The letter is written on Jan 24th 1959 in city of Serov and sent on Jan 26 from Vizhay.



Hi, my dear mom, dad, Tom, Galya and Lusya!

Greetings to you from Zina.

Well, I'm away from you again, now we are in Serov.


We have a transfer here and I am writing to you.


Well, how is life?


Anything new?


We are going camping, a group of 10 people.


The group is good.


At the plant, everything is ok, they let me go.


I have all the clothes I need, so do not worry about me.


How do you live?


Write to me in Vizhay, I am looking forward to it.


Has the cow calved yet?


I love milk.


How's mom work?


How is the dad's health?




How are Galya and Lusya doing at school?




Lusya, try not to have Cs this semester.


And Galya turn Ds in sports to Cs. Spend more time on the skis and you need to run more.


See you soon and goodbye.

Big kisses to you all

Your Zina.

Write to me, I am looking forward to it.



26 I 59




















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Napisano 25 styczeń 2021 - 23:15

January 25, 1959


The night of January 25 Dyatlov Group arrives in Ivdel located 340 km North of their starting point.


Leaving early in the morning in bus Gas-51 with Blinov group.


14:00 Vizhay.


Stayed at a guest house.


Parting with Blinov group, watch movie "Symphonie in Gold"




Bus from Ivdel to Vizhay - Doroshenko, Zina, Krivonishenko (center), Zolotaryov


Dyatlov Group diary


25 january 1959.
We got up at half past five, quickly gathered and left for the city of Ivdel with the first bus.


After an hour of waiting, we managed to grab a bus (such as GAZ-51).


The twenty-five-seater bus was forced to accommodate a full twenty-five plus twenty backpacks packed to capacity and as many pairs of skis.


We were full up to the ceiling.


First layer passengers sat on the seats, on a pile of skis, on backpacks.


Second layer passengers sat on the backs of the seats, finding a place for legs on the shoulders of comrades.


It was not so tight, however, as not to sing, so we did it almost all the way to Vizhay.


The trip was not uneventful.


The bus made a small detour away from the highway, in the village of Shipichnoe, and we were given the chance to step out, which we did with pleasure.


Four of the most agile went far ahead to the settlement of Talitsa to see the power station.


Suddenly the heard: "The bus."


We rush out the door, but, alas, it was too late.


The bus passed by and we were forced to chance after it as fast as we can, hoping fate would be merciful and, perhaps, we would catch up with it (I am part of the "agile" four).


However, the first hundred meters clearly demonstrated the advantages of a fifty horse power engine.


Our heels flashed far behind the bus, and the gap widened.


The prospect to walk about thirty kilometers on the highway with no breakfast and lunch already seemed quite real, when suddenly ...


I mentioned that fate is merciful.


The mercy came in the form of a girl going to Vizhay that hailed the bus and stopped the object of our persecution.


A minute later we were already safely sitting on the second floor of the seats and traveling to Vizhay.


We arrived in Vizhay about two pm.


It turned out that we can continue our automobile journey in the next morning.

Warmly said goodbye to Blinov's group, who went further (to the west of Vizhay in the deep forest area).


After dinner, which was held in a warm "friendly atmosphere," we moved to the "hotel", which was the usual hut with three windows.


We went to the cinema, leaving "home" Doroshenko and Kolevatov.


We watched the "Symphonie in Gold", came back in "musical mood".


Now we are busy getting ready the equipment.


Tonight, according to the local commandant, we will leave on.




Zinaida Kolmogorova diary

25.1.59 arrived in Ivdel at midnight, spent the night at the train station pitching a tent on the floor.


Yes, we have already been spotted 2 times by the police.


Once Yuri Kriv was taken to the police station.


He wanted to raise money for candy.


It was funny.


Then on the train Serov-Ivdel reached Ivdel, spent the night at the station, in the morning got on a bus, drove to a hotel in Ivdel.


Then we took the bus and drove off.


We are 20 people, backpacks and skis.


Had to pile up on 3 levels, but we sang songs all the way. Arrived in Vizhay.


First we stopped at the same club where we were 2 years ago.


Then we were taken to the hotel.


The whole evening there was a discussion about love about friendship, about dances and other things, etc. I talked a lot about things which are completely unfamiliar to me and I scarcely do, but I tried, sincerely.


But this is all nonsense.


But again the words of Volt come to mind.


How well did he say it.


We went to see "Symphonie in Gold" so powerful!


So great!



Lyudmila Dubinina diary

25 january 


We woke up, without really to have slept much.


I told Rustic that I won't wash up due to lack of conditions.


He agreed.


The bus came right away, we climbed quickly.


Had to travel on 3 levels.


Kolka Tibo (Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles) had to push his body to the ceiling, Olva first stood in (illegible word) position, but soon she couldn't stand it anymore and got down on her knees.


We sang again, of course.


I totally lost my voice.


Zhenka was bickering again.


He goes on and on.


Things stated to make sence, it wasn't really a knew, but it is now clearer and better.


But despite this, Yurka is still a good-natured person, at least, judging by his behavior.


I'm still true to myself.

Zhenka and Zina sang "If you eyes hadn't been blue..." ("Если б были глаза твои не такие синие...")

When we arrived at а turn the bus went to a village and had to return for us in an hour.

We continue on foot.


It was so nice to walk along the road in such good weather.


We went a little nuts and roll in the snow.

During our walk there was an incident - a car coming from the forest got stuck in the opposite direction.


Our guys rushed to the rescue.


Finally they pulled it out in half.


Then our bus came up and we hopped on it.


The discussion now was about happiness.


Basically our guys were the most active.


They tried to give a definition of happiness, but everyone had it its own way.

Arrived in Vizhay at four two.


Blinov group is going further to settlement 41, and we stay to spend the night.


We had a tearful goodbye with Blinov group.


The mood sank.


At parting, we sang with Zina and Zhenya: "If you eyes hadn't ..."


In general I am very very sad.

We are extremely lucky!


The Symphonie in Gold was showing.


We left all our things and packs at the hotel and went to the club.


The image was a bit fuzzy, but it didn’t overshadow the pleasure at all. Yurka Krivo,
sitting next to me, was smacking his lips and oohing with delight.


This is real happiness, so difficult to describe with words.


The music is just fabulous!


The mood after the movie greatly improved.


Igor Dyatlov was unrecognizable.


He tried to dance, and even started singing: "O Jackie Joe"

We are on duty with Yuri today.


We decided to cook noodles on the stove.


But it was very difficult to heat the stove with such raw firewood, so it took a lot of time.


Finally we began to eat.


During the meal, a discussion arose about the rights of boys and girls to freedom, etc. In my opinion, such discussions lead nowhere.


But we are doing it anyway, to vent the soul.


We went to bed late.


Had to lay down in beds by two, only Yurka Krivo and Sasha slept on the floor between the beds.






Dyatlov group is helping Blinov group to mount a bus to 41st district - Doroshenko in motion blur


Blinov group is loading a truck. Dyatlov group is seeing them off


Memento of Dyatlov and Blinov groups together before their ways part


Collective photo of Dyatlov and Blinov groups




















#1251 fortyck



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Napisano 26 styczeń 2021 - 21:12

January 26, 1959


On January 26 1959 Dyatlov group travels in the back of the truck in poor condition from Vizhay (13:10) to 41st logging site (16:30).


This is possibly the ride that makes Yudin sick.

Vizhay, wake up 9:00, the dining room, Zina Kolmogorova sends the letter home, Igor Dyatlov sends home a postcard.


At 13:10 the group leaves Vizhay in truck Gaz-63 with no brakes and shock absorbers.


They ride in the open back of the truck, covered by a tent.


The hikers were exposed on this trip and Yudin fell ill.


At 16:30 they arrive in the village 41st forest area.


In the evening they see movies "On his own", "Est takoy paren" and "Symphonie in Gold" (again).



Dyatlov Group diary


January 26
We slept in so-called hotel.


Two people per bed. Sasha K. (Alexander Kolevatov) and Krivo (Yuri Krivonischenko) slept on the floor between beds.


Woke up at 9 am.


Everyone sleep well despite the fact we did not completely close the small window and room got a bit cold.

Outside temperature is -17 C.

We did not boil water in the morning, wood was damp.


In the evening it took us 6 hours to boil the water.


Had breakfast in the dining room, goulash and tea.

When they handed us the lukewarm tea, Gosya (Igor) Dyatlov said with a smile: "If the tea is cold, then go out and drink it on the street, it will be hot."


Original thought.


We negotiated to go to Settlement 41 by a truck.

We started at 13.10, and arrived at 16.30.


We froze pretty good at the back of GAZ-63.

While traveling we sang songs, discussed various topics like love, friendship, cancer illness and cures.

In Settlement 41 we were greeted warmly, they gave us a separate room in the hostel.


We talked a lot with the local workers. I remembered particularly the red- bearded man.


The Beard, that's what his friends call him.

Ognev is an old friend, he is described in Lyuda Dubinina's private diary.

Lunch was served, we ate and now we are resting.


Some of the group is watching a movie in the adjacent room.


The rest of the group is rummaging through their backpacks.


Rustik (Rustem Slobodin) is playing his mandolin, while talking with Kolya (Nick Thibault).


I am going to do some adjustment to the equipment.



I can't, although I tried.

Nick Thibeaux




They were handed lukewarm tea, and after somebody complained Igor Dyatlov said with a smile: "If the tea is cold, then go out and drink it on the street, it will be hot."


Where: Sverdlovsk Region
city of Pervouralsk, Sotsgorod
Sadovaya, 13.
To: A. A. Dyatlov
Sender's address: Vizhay


Hello everyone.
Today, 26, we leave on the route, we arrived well. On February 12-15 I will visit Sverdlovsk. I probably will not go home, so let Rufa bring linen to our room for a trip to Penza. From there I will return on March 5-7.


Zina Kolmogorova diary

We slept in beds.


We got up late, very late.


Rustik and I are on duty.


We went into the dining room.


And then we waited for the car and drove off.


Today the road is not so beautiful, there is less snow.


We are driving off road now.


Drove for a long time.


I, as always, was approached by some countryman.


We arrived at the 41st settlement.


Workers are simply working here, not prisoners, but recruits.


There are many smart ones.


We were accomodated in the small room of the driver.


Today is the last day of civilization.


Rustic plays the mandolin very well, I really enjoy listening to him.


Today I wore Yuri's mittens, but how I did not want to!


I was told that is not good not to accept them, so I took them.


We talk.


Not much.




Alexander Kolevatov, photo must be taken around 12-13:00 before Dyatlov group climbed on the back of the Gaz-63


Luydmila Dubinina diary

26 january 


In the morning Sashka jumped up from the cold and said that he had a cold night.


Zina and I slept perfectly.


Went to the dining room then began to gather.


We go by car.


Tried to sing, talked about abstract topics and in general nobody was warm.


The surroundings were uninteresting at the beginning, a scorched forest.

In general, we had to go to 2nd North, but it was getting dark and we decided to stop at the 41st.


At 4.30 we were met very hospitably.


They stayed in the barrack, where the guys live.


In general, here are all civilians, there are no women at all, except two.


The guys are all young, as Igor noticed, there are even cute and generally interesting.


Especially memorable among all is Ognev with a red beard and the nickname of his "Beard".


In general, very rarely there are such people in such a hole.


A true romantic, a geologist and generally developed.


Many of the guys play the guitar.

We watched three movies right away: "On his own", "Est takoy paren" and "Sympnonie in gold" again.


And again this music Co First in (illegible word) were divided into two groups one watched the movies, the other wrote diaries, and Rustik and Kolya reasoned a little about everything, about work, etc.


I like these guys.

A big difference between them, graduated from the institute Rustik, Ko, Yura and us.


All the same, their judgments are more mature and smarter than ours.


My God, I do not even talk about mine

After the cinema, everyone was very tired and wanted to sleep.


We lay down with Zina on a spring bed.


It's a dream come true.


And the guys are all on the floor.


Mood is bad and probably will be for two more days.


Evil as hell.




Dyatlov group is in the back of of Gaz-63. Weather is cold and windy. They will try to protect themselves with a tent, but Yudin will still get sick.


Krivonishenko told the guys that he is about to make the last photo before he climbs into the truck so each of the guys reacted their own way. Dyatlov and Thibeaux-Brignolles leaned forward and and showed Yuri the fig sign. Apparently Zina Kolmogorova moved off the backpack on which she sat, her location was significantly lower than the previous shot. Yuri Yudin painted a grimace on his face and looks at Zina Kolmogorov. It may seem that he is making a grimace to Zina intending to scare her, but in fact, with his left hand he grabbed Zina Kolmogorova's back and tries to keep her from falling on her back. Igor, Nikolai, Zina and Lyuda are looking at Yuri, Zolotaryov waves his right hand, Alexander is not visible behind Zolotaryov's back. Doroshenko and Slobodin, without reacting to Yuri's signal, remained in their seats without visible reaction.


Yuri Yudin diary

We arrived by truck with no brakes, broken shock absorbers , etc., (only in the taiga you can ride on any car.) in the village 41 quarter.


Ognev, Nick? since 1931. - long beard.


He knows the whole of the Northern Urals.


I was a participant of many geological expeditions.


Quite knowledgeable on many issues.


He graduated from the Ufimskiy Technical College.


In the truck (that) city we came, we brought 3 movies: "On his own" by Gorki, "Est takoy paren" and "Sympnonie in gold" "In people" by Gorky ,? "Is there such a guy"? and the "Golden Symphony".

"In people" - under the usual circumstances, in the city, I would have never gone to see this movie.


It seems nothing of interest in it for me, waste of time.


Here - you start watching ... and from the very first frames you feel that the movie is new for you, you see it with different eyes than before and many new thoughts are rushing one after another under the impression of what's on the screen.

Grandma plays excellently.


Above all, full penetration into the role.


Wealth, depth, importance of thoughts, content, and all this follows by itself, without any imposition ... himself as in a life without words and simple ??? a person and there is another recently released picture.


Paren (est takoy paren - there is such a guy) - the characters here, the artists portraying, are represented only by what they say at the moment and is not clear where and how did they originated, what they say and what they do.


It seems like they (the characters) are created to say only these particular words, and there is nothing else for them to say, and to do.


Roles like that are not clear, maybe I find the screenplay weak and superficial, bad stage director, bad artists and in short - it seems there are not living people on the screen full of thoughts, capable of creating stories themselves, but some automatic machines tuned to a spec. program, and that's why there is no performance in the whole movie.


They could have said in advance what the movie is about, and how will it end.


The whole movie in 5 mins.


"Symphonie in gold" - austr.


About ballet on ice.


The ballet itself is a good show.


Good skating rinks, skill, technical performance, but feelings, thoughts in dances - none.


Maybe since music to me is only an income.


It seems to me that way?


The light music in places is excellent, it can't be better, but in general I couldn't feel the Person, his soul.


Maybe that's why everybody that saw the movie was saying: "It feels so good, nothing is missing, they say "like life itself"

We are warmly welcomed here. they ride all kind of They gave us the only horse available here to take our backpacks tomorrow to 2nd Northern for free wood site about 200 150 km? from such a northern town as Ivdel.


There is no radio, no newspapers. (They still can't check the lottery and I promised to send back the newspaper immediately from Sverdlovsk).


They live in a dormitory.


No order whatsoever, but people are everywhere.


Read everything that they can get their hands on and do they sing ...


Quietly, from the heart.


The songs are old, long forgotten or never heard.


Here they are ... It's so good!

Why don't we sing such good, already forgotten songs.


And in general, we don't sing about the soul in places where there are some outsiders, it's not singing, not soulful, loud.


We must fight for the culture of choral singing.


Voices and change the repertoire.


So that there were no empty screaming song-trinkets.


Loggers are working poorly, work and life conditions are bad.


Are they paying poorly?




Everything is possible, but there is no good intelligent leadership.


Master - once he studied and did not finish the Moscow Forestry Institute.


The workers are very different.


Recruits after the army, after serving time (to earn some money and stayed, or for free).


Many don't last, - they quit They work The majority has primary school or no education at all.


But there are widely erudite and even If you meet them in the city, you would never have thought that this person all his time in the taiga.

Uncle Slava.


Funny, somehow people do not think how this or that name will sound after uncle or grandpa *...


What a funny grandpa!


Until 1953, they threw in jail everybody that they could catch, innocent, then they figured it out and cleaned up, everybody was given rushed amnesty

*I think Yudin is referring to the fact Slava in Russian means Glory.




















#1252 fortyck



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Napisano 27 styczeń 2021 - 16:03

January 27, 1959


The river Lozva, the weather is gloomy, but there is no snow and no wind.


The group still consists of 10 tourist.


Almost everybody is in the photo, but Kolevatov who we can see in the previous photo is to the left of the frame, and the photographer Semyon Zolotaryov.


From the left is Doroshenko, Zina and Lyuda, in the center is the horse with pulling the sleigh topped with backpacks.


The horse is led by uncle Slava, he stands and looks at someone behind the sleigh.


Behind the sleigh follow Yura Yudin, Igor Dyatlov, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Rustem Slobodin.


In the distance behind is Krivonischenko, who is making sketches.


On January 27 1959 Dyatlov group was leaving 41st district and Ognev "The Beard", the hospitality, the warm bread, wrote Mansi words in their notebooks, and at 4 pm uncle Slava and his horse sled took the backpacks while the hikers were following on skis along Lozva river, pass Ushma river and to the 2nd Northern.

The head of the site Ryazhnev promised to help the tourists to reach the abandoned geological site 2nd Northern by finding means of transportation.


Hikers mounted backpacks on the sled with a horse, got on skis and reached 2nd Northern which consisted from 24 houses only one of which was suitable to spend the night.


The sled belonged to uncle Slava, convicted in Lithuania in 1949 for 10 years and released to the settlement in 1956.

In 41st district Yudin's condition worsened. He had inflamed back nerve, sciatica.


To continue an expedition from third category of complexity was impossible without becaming a burden, so Yudin decided to return.


They discussed the matter and decided that Yudin will go to 2nd Northern and there will make the final decision.


If his pain subsides, he can continue with the group, if his condition worsens, he will take the drilling samples from 2nd Northern and return to Sverdlovsk.



Zina Kolmogorova diary



Today is the first day of our journey.


The backpack is not much but somewhat heavy.


Yes, Yura Yudin is leaving us today.


His sciatic nerves inflamed again and he is leaving.


Such a pity. We distributed his load in our backpacks.


It turns out that on the last day we see some kind of civilization,stove, people, etc.


Today we arranged out backpacks to go on horseback and we are waiting them to be ready, and we will go skiing.


Everyone is singing, the workers living in barracks, did not go to work, they sing.


We sit and write songs.


Many workers are very talented, intelligent people.


Especially "the beard", his beard is ginger, ginger, and his eyes are also ginger, and brown.


The guys sing well. And Rustic plays the mandolin very well.


Today was the last day me and Lyuda slept in beds.


Tonight we are going to be in a tent, apparently.


Now we are in the 41st quarter, today our goal is to reach the 2nd Nortern.


They say, there is a hut there, but no one lives in it.


Hurry to the road, to the skis ...


How about we go? I'm lately somehow very deeply affected by music, guitar, mandolin and other.


Yesterday saw 3 movies here "In people", "There is such a guy" and again "Symphonie in Gold".


I want to see "Symphonie in Gold" even more times.




41st district, photo is taken near the logging workers dormitory.


Talaya, a river, many huts

ya - river
sos - brook, together
paste/pache-rum - hello friend
nyor - stone, if there nyor is added to the peak - the peak is bare
oyka - man
yani hum - man big
mais - small




Hikers are taking out their equipment from the dormitory. Zina Kolmogorova and Yuri Yudin are at teh doorway. Zina is in a good mood, she holds Yura by his left hand, looks at him and smiles. Next to them are two backpacks. On the right, next to the porch near the three pairs of skis is Rustem Slobodin, checking the gear.


ekva - female
ekvat - alone
ayrish - a girl
From Burmantovo to Volen paul airplane
nyan - bread
emos -good
mol - bad
saka - good
(at)Sol - (not)truth
Solval - salt
Pud - pot
Vat- water
Vit - wind




Red-bearded man called Ognev. His nickname is 'The Beard’.


Hul - fish
Neul - meat
sali - deer
Vazhenka - female
sohta - alpha male
sun - sled
sushep - look
yun - house
pyrya - scram (to the dog)
col - city
pisal - gun
topor - truck
kasay - knife
seranki mayen - give me the matches
atim - don't have
oli - have
Teynkvem - eat
ail - drink




he is holding something in his right hand, perhaps a smoking pipe, holding his left hand busily in his thigh. Ognev is clearly posing for the photographer.


eri - must
ergan - sing
Olna - money
tselkoviy - ruble
akvat - 1
kita - 2
hurum - 3
nila - 4
at - 5
hot - 6
sat - 7
vovel - 8
nevel - 9
pul - 10
tinalil - eat
yuvtilum - sell
sup - pants m
gacha - f
sapaki - slippers




Loggers come out to see off the Dyatlov group. From the left on the porch, raising his right hand to the top and squeezing it into a fist is Ognev, apparently speaking some kind of admonishing speech or a slogan. Next to him are three workers, one of the workers holds a book or notebook in his hand and looks at Ognev. Bottom of the right, next to the porch, near the window is Igor Dyatlov, he looks at Ognev and listens to his speech.


yelsup - dress
neks - sable
kutya - dog
pis-pis - mouse
suy - pine
paul - village
vor - forest
vorhum - bear
forest man
vas - duck.
kat - hands.
layal - legs.
pum - head.
punki - teeth.
palin - ears




polem - freezing
kur - stove
paltin - heat
chuval - stove
osemsau - good bye
nan - you, tav - he
am - I
nanki - you
amki - me
ayemun - large
saam - eyes




4st district, Zina Kolmogorova with Rustem Slobodin's camera. It's not cold outside, so Zina is dressed lightly.


nyel - nose.
ayserm - cold
Tyumen region
Berezovsky district
village Nyaksimvol
(sable slope)
Ognev Nikolay Grig.
Rudik Ivan Ivanovich



The whole day went, in front of the horse, behind the horse on the river Lozva.


They often flew to ice, cleaned skis.


They came already in the dark for a long time looking for a hut with windows and doors.


2nd North is an abandoned village, nobody lives here at all, and what beautiful places!


It's just Chusovaya.


The stones on the banks are some cliffs, limestone, white.


Today we go a few km along the




Igor Dyatlov stands with his back to the photographer near the porch. In the center of the photo Rustem Slobodin is bend over fastening his skis. Yudin is right next to him.


Lozva River, and then we pass to the Auspiya river.

> (note: the arrow from "Today" is drawn down to "Auspiya River" and to the following date "28.2.58")

Lyuda Dubinina diary

27 january 


Temperature is 5°.


Warm, skis are useless.


We are getting ready since the morning.


Today is the first day of the route.


Now we sit and wait for the horse to carry the backpacks, and we go on skis.


Fortune smiles at us.


Yuri Yudin got sick, something with a nerve of his leg, in general he radiculitis and he is going home.


So, there are nine of us in the future.


At the moment we are sitting and singing songs.


Guys play the guitar, Rustic plays along with the mandolin.


Catches your heart.


This is the last place of civilization, and it is rare that we met people like that.


Overall I love the guitar and I adore all musical people.


And the guys in general are all good, they dance, they are musical. We talked with Ognev.


He knows a lot and is interesting with him, now he talks about where we are going and more like this.


This, in my opinion, is the most interesting object here on the site.


He has such a long red beard, although he is only 27 years, he looks older.


And then there is Valya, who plays the guitar well (many play) and about whom I jokingly said that I like him.


Now most of the guys sit here and sing songs to the guitar, on the occasion that they do not work today.


It seems this is the last time I hear so many good new songs.


But we hope that Rustik will live up to the challenge.


We learn some Mansi words from the guys.





Photo by Zina Kolmogorova


ya - river
neul - meat
sali - (illegible)
vazhenka - female deer
sohta - male
sun - sled
sushep - look
nyan - bread
yun - house
col - city
pyrya - scram (to the dog)
pisal - gun




Workers smile at Zina. From the left of the porch there is a window, one of the workers looks out the window, watching what is happening on the street.


sairep - axe
kasay - knife
matches - seranki
atim - don't have
oli - have
son - truth
tenkvem - eat
olna - money
ail - drink
at eri - have to (don't)
ergen - sing
tselkoviy - ruble




Photo by Rustem Slobodin. 41st district, hostel, hired labor loggers and tourists from the Dyatlov group. Collective photo for memento. Many of the hikers were with their skis on. The backpacks were loaded onto the sleigh. Working loggers came out to see off the Dyatlov group. Next to Lyuda is a young guy in a fur hat, he obviously wanted to take a picture with Lyuda. This must be Valya Lyuda wrote about in her diary. "And then there is Valya, who plays the guitar well (many play) and about whom I jokingly said that I like him."


akva - one

(a turn seems missing? - note.)

Rustem Slobodin diary

To the restless mechanical Rustik
for his diary

Northern Ural
Sverdlovsk – Vizhay –

Airplane ticket
Ivdel - Saranpaul 250 rubli
(cargo free)




Warm bread. From the left on skis Alexander Kolevatov stands and says something to Lyuda Dubinina. Lyuda stands on skis, eats warm bread and looks at Alexander. Next to Lyuda, Igor Dyatlov is skiing, looking at the photographer. Near Igor, with his back to the photographer, Semyon Zolotaryov is skiing, he eats bread and looks at Alexander, Valya ties Zolotaryov's laces on a hooded windbreaker. On the right with a piece of bread in his right hand and with ski poles in his left hand is Rustem Slobodin.



Mansi words

Oyk If in the name of the mountain there is nyer - means the top (stone) is bare
oyka - muzhik, man, husband
ushnik - Mansi hunting house for warming
Tol - ya - talaya creek
sos - stream, together
ruma - friend
nache (nashte) - hello
hum - muzhik
yani - big
mais - small
ekva - woman




ekvat - alone
ayrish - girl
nyan - bread
emas - good
saka emas - very good
mol - bad
sol - true
solval - salt
at - negation
at-sol - not true
pud - pot
vat - water




A photo of poor quality. The group, having loaded backpacks on sleigh is headed to 2nd Northern along Lozva river. From left Kolevatov, Doroshenko, Zina Kolmogorova, Lyuda Dubinina. In the distance, behind the horse is Krivonischenko - the last in the group. The guys often have to stop and wait for the horse.


vit - wind
hul - fish
neul - meat
sali - deer
vazhenka - deer doe
sohta - alpha male
sun - sled
sushep - look
pyrya - scram (to the dog)
pisal - gun
sayrep - axe
mayen - give me
atim - don't have
oli - have




Photo by Semyon Zolotarev. Lozva river, steep stony banks. The group stopped to clean the skis. From the left Kolevatov with no hat, Doroshenko wearing a hat with ear-flaps, Zina Kolmogorova, Lyuda Dubinina. To the right of the photo you can see the head of a horse. Alexander, Yura and Luda are looking at the photographer. Zina holds a piece of paper or a notebook in her left hand and reads something in it.


teynkvem - eat
aim- drink
huem - sleep
eri - must
ergen - sing
alna - money
selkoviy - ruble
akvat - 1
kita - 2
hurum - 3
nila - 4
at - 5
hot - 6
sat - 7
vovel - 8




The river Lozva, the weather is gloomy, but there is no snow and no wind. The group still consists of 10 tourist. Almost everybody is in the photo, but Kolevatov who we can see in the previous photo is to the left of the frame, and the photographer Semyon Zolotaryov. From the left is Doroshenko, Zina and Lyuda, in the center is the horse with pulling the sleigh topped with backpacks. The horse is led by uncle Slava, he stands and looks at someone behind the sleigh. Behind the sleigh follow Yura Yudin, Igor Dyatlov, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Rustem Slobodin. In the distance behind is Krivonischenko, who is making sketches.


nevel - 9
pul - 10
tinalil - eat
yuvtilum - sell
sup gacha - pants
yelsup - dress
neks - sable
kutya - dog
suevat - pinery
suy - pine
vor - forest
vorhum - bear forest man
ul - fish
kat - hands
layal - legs
pum - head
pumk - teeth




Photo by Semyon Zolotarev. Dyatlov group along Lozva river on their way to 2nd Northern. Yuri Doroshenko, Zina Kolmogorova bent over, next to her Krivonischenko, Zina is followed by Lyuda Dubinina. In the background, Alexander Kolevatov. The guys stopped to clear the sticky, wet snow from the skis. Doroshenko looks at the photographer and smiles at something. Krivonischenko holds a notebook in his hands and, slightly bending his head to the right, looks at the photographer. Lyuda is holding her skis in her hands and is also looking at the photographer.


palin - ears
ayemun - disease, large
saam - eyes
nyel - nose
ayserm - cold
polem - freezing
kur - stove
paltem - heat
chuval - open chimney in the corner


Dyatlov Group diary


The weather’s really good.


The wind is at our backs, and the lads made a deal with the locals for a horse to drive us to Second North settlement.

But it will be about 24 km from the 41st Settlement.


We helped Uncle Slava unload hay from a carriage and waited for the horse (it went to get more hay and wood).


We waited until 4:00 pm.

The boys started copying some songs.


One man sang beautifully.


We heard a number of illegal prison songs (Article 58 counter-revolutionary crimes).

Before that we bought four loaves of bread.


Soft warm bread.


We ate 2 loaves.

Horse is slow.


What a pleasure to go without backpacks.

We covered 8 km in 2 hours.


(River Ushma).

It's getting dark.


The horse is causing the delay.


Yuri Yudin is still with us.


He suddenly fell ill and he can't continue with the trek.


He wants to gather few minerals for the University and return.

Second North is an abandoned geological site consisting of 20-25 houses.


Only one is suitable for living.


In complete darkness we found a village and the house.


We started a fire with wood boards.


Smoke came form the stove.


Several people hurt their hands on old nails.


Everything is well.


Then the horse came.


We were talking and joking till 3 in the morning.




Yuri Yudin diary

27 We spent the night in the hut of the 2nd Northern settlement.


There so much - many houses, warehouses, premises, forgot old vehicles, machine tools.


Everything was abandoned since 1952.


Here worked geological expedition what they could took out, the rest was exhausted and thrown.


The houses are all destroyed, there is only one with a stove and glass on the windows.


The place is picturesque. Lozva river is wide.


Lots of lime rocks.


Uncle Slava says that in the summer you can cross the river, many warm, hot springs.


Sagebrush and water is not entirely frozen and there are places under the snow where water is not forzen after which we need to brake the ice from the skis.

Village Vizhay - camp (???) you can buy products.


Apothecary - artist Herzen ?.


German, wife is German.


Idyll in the family.


On the walls, relief paintings with filigree decoration, very masterfully, unusually finely executed.


Thousands of Chests - a view of Lozva in the summer and the same in the winter, more jewelry boxes, paintings - everywhere.


Big ones. In the pharmacy - wax from red rose, fluorescent compound, Kremlin - from test tubes with fluorine. compositions, glowing.


Built in wrist watch "Pobeda". It works fine.

An unusually polite gentle, kind person.


Wife, German, very affable, hospitable They really care about the medicine.


For children, the best medicines are taken care of.


They beg me to send them penicillin in tablets from Ivdel, he has very little (for children), it is difficult to get good medication.


Boring, all tired of the lecture and something After all, it's so good from time to time to introduce a new thought, a new direction in the conversation ... especial




This photo was taken at the same place as the previous two frames. Semyen Zolotarev, in the background Zina Kolmogorova stands on skis and blocks the figure of Lyuda Dubinina, between them there is one of the hikers, only skis and ski poles are visible. Simyon Zolotaryov gave his camera to one of the hikers and began to clean the snow from his skis.


Lozva, you can see the skis traces that the group passed through.


Photo by Yuri Krivonischenko. Most likely this photo was taken on the Lozva river near the source of the Ushma river and the village of Ushma. Zina, Semyon and Lyuda clean their skis. Dyatlov group diary: "We covered 8 km in 2 hours (the river Ushma)." Doroshenko


















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Napisano 28 styczeń 2021 - 21:39

January 28, 1959


Dyatlov group diary


January 28
We were awaken by the rumbling voices of Yurka Kri and Sasha Kolevatov.


Weather so far is smiling at us. It's only -8C outside.

After breakfast, some of the guys lead by Yuri Yudin, our well - known geologist, went to look for local minerals.


They didn't find anything except pyrite and quartz veins in the rock.


Took them long time to wax their skis and adjust the mounting.


Yuri Yudin goes back home today.


It is a pity, of course, that he leaves us.


Especially for me and Zina, but nothing can be done about it.

Started at 11.45. We go up the river Lozva.


We take turns to head the group for about 10 minutes.


Snow cover is significantly less than last year.


We have to stop and scrape the wet, melting snow from the bottom of the skis.


Yurka Kri is behind and makes sketches of the route.


The bank of the river near Second North (especially the right bank) are limestone cliffs that rise high at places.


Overall the terrain becomes flatter, entirely covered by forest.

We stop to rest at 5:30 pm on river Lozva.


Today we spend our first night in the tent.


The guys are busy with the stove, sewing curtains out of sheets.


With some thing completed and others not, we sit at dinner.


After dinner we sit for long time around the campfire and sing heartfelt songs.


Zina even tries to learn to play mandolin under guidance of our musician Rustik (Rustem Slobodin).


Then we resume our discussions, mostly about love.


Someone comes up with an idea that we need a special notebook for ideas that we might come up with.


Conspiring, we started going into the tent two people at a time.


The suspended stove radiates heat and divides the tent in two sections.


The further section is occupied by me and Zina.


Nobody wants to sleep by the stove.


We agree that Yurka Kri (Krivonischenko) will sleep there.


On the other side sleeps the person on duty (Sasha Kolevatov).


Yurka couldn't stand the heat and after laying down for 1-2 min, he got up and moved to the second section cursing and accusing us of treason.


After that they still argued about something for a long time, but at the end all was quiet.

Lyuda Dubinina - this entry is not signed, but can't be anybody else but Dubinina.



Zina Kolmogorova diary

Uncle Slava is leaving today on his horse, and Yura Yudin is leaving too.


He took a few samples.


I saw this type for the first after the drilling.


There is a lot of chalcopyrite and pyrite.


Last night the boys made stupid jokes.


In my opinion, if we don't pay attention to them, maybe they will be less rude.


And so far, nothing.


It's time to go out, but they are still digging and digging.


I do not understand what's taking so long.


The first 30 minutes are over.


Of course, the backpack is somewhat heavy.


But it's possible to go.


The first day is always difficult.

left forward
Sasha Kolevatov tested his device and threw it away.

Second halt.

It was much easier to go yesterday without backpacks
snow, snow, snow, snow
on the banks frozen river snow snow

Boundary stone.

Lunch was an hour at 4 pm

After lunch we did just one more hike and stopped to rest.

I mended the tent.


We lay down to sleep. Igor was rude the whole evening, I just couldn't recognize him.


I had to sleep on the wood near the stove.



Lyudmila Dubinina diary

28 january Woke up at 8 o'clock in the morning to someone's talk.


It turns out to be Yuri Krie and Sasha Kolya.


The weather is as warm as yesterday (t ° -8 °) Eat, h

After breakfast, some of the guys Yura Yudin, Kolya and Yura Doroshenko went for the rocks in the core storage, where they decided to collect minerals for the collection.


Nothing but pyrite, and there were no quartz veins in the rock.

Gathered for a long time, prepared rations, greased the skis then





Morning at the 2nd Northern abandoned geological site.





There is mine is in the 2nd Northern settlement.


Yura Yudin holds a sample core in his hands.





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles decided to sit down.


However, the bench was too close to the wall and the backpack on his back pushed against the wall.


As a result, Kolya sat down on the edge of the bench, his skis drove off and he fell to the ground along with the bench.


The fall made everyone laugh, a smile appeared even on his face.





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles lies, smiles and looks at the photographer.


Next to it stands Yudin, in his right hand holds a sample core.


Yuri pulled out a bench from Nicholas and put it back to the wall.




Parting with Yuri Yudin, they will never see each other again.


Igor Dyatlov on the left.


His backpack looks heavy.


Lyuda Dubinina hugs Yuri Yudin goodbye.


Despite the fact that her backpack is big, it does not seem to be heavy.


Lyuda had a bullet wound to her leg and the guys on the trek apparently tried to lighten her backpack as much as possible.


On the right, Kolya is behind Lyuda, he smiles and looks at Lyuda's farewell scene with Yudin.





Farewell Yura Yudin with Zina Kolmogorova.


Yudin looks at Zina and makes a movement to hug her waist.


Zina, smiling, looks at Yudin and makes a counter motion to hug at his neck.


Zolotaryov is looking at Zina, he is skiing, ski poles are in his hands.


Backpack is on his back, although not visible but the strap is (and an ice ax or a spare ski pole).





When Zina and Yura huged Zina's heavy backpack pulled her back, the skies went slid forward and Zina lost balance and fell on her back.


Yura Yudin is helping Zina to get back on her feet with her heavy backpack.




Yuri Yudin stays behind, he is going back to 41st district with uncle Slava and the horse sled.




Last photo of 2nd Northern.


Dyatlov group will never be seen alive.





A photo showing the bank collapsed from being washed by the waters of river Lozva.





The first day of the ski trip, the tourists were tired and stretched out along the route, it was decided to make the first stop.


In the distance, five figures of hikers walking along the Lozva are visible.





Semyon Zolotaryov sits on a backpack looking at Rustem and warming his fingers.


Nearby is Zina Kolmogorova, she sits on a backpack, propping her head on her left hand and writing in her diary.


Rustem Slobodin holding a camera.


Yuri Doroshenko with his hands on his hips is looks at the photographer.


Alexander Kolevatov has tooken off his hat smoothing his hair.


Lyuda Dubinina sits on her backpack.


Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles is holding a camera and looking at Rustem.


Igor Dyatlov is holding a camera or compass in his hands.


Three hikers are looking at Rustem, obviously he says something and they listen attentively, could be what camera shutter speed to use in such weather conditions, to get good shots.





Semyon Zolotaryov is sitting on the backpack and working his camera.


Nikolai gave his camera to Zina Kolmogorova, and she makes a photo of Rustem Slobodin.





Rustem Slobodin puts on gloves, next to him lies his backpack and are perched his ski poles.





Zina fiddling with the camera.





Semyon Zolotaryov posing for a photo.





In the foreground Krivonischenko with felt boots, in the background Rustem Slobodin.


Yuri Krivonischenko and Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles exchanged their cameras to shoot each other.





Photo by Krivonischenko.


Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles in the center, Igor Dyatlov to the right.





Rustem Slobodin





Semyon Zolotaryov is shooting Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles who looks pathetic in the photo, perhaps mocking the girls.





Guys are fooling around while resting.


From the left Lyuda Dubinina, Yuri Krivonischenko, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles with the black hat, embraced by Rustem Slobodin.





Lyuda Dubinina with a camera, Rustem Slobodin points to another group of guys who stand to the right of the photographer and do not get into the frame.


Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, and Zina Kolmogorova kneeling.





Lyuda Dubinina, Rustem Slobodin, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Zina Kolmogorova (kneeled down)





Nikolai Thibault-Brignol and Semyon Zolotarev swapped hats.


Semyon has a camera on him.


From the left, Zina Kolmogorova's hand came into the frame.





Nikolai Thibault-Brignol and Semyon Zolotaryov swapped hats.





Photo with poor quality but we can still recognize Nikolai Thibault-Brignol and Semyon Zolotaryov.





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Semyon Zolotarev and the arm of Zina Kolmogorova.


Nikolai looks at the photographer while Semyon is talking to Zina.





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Lyuda Dubinina, Semyon Zolotaryov and Zina Kolmogorova





Memorable photo - Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Lyuda Dubinina, Semyon Zolotaryov and Zina Kolmogorova





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Lyuda Dubinina, Semyon Zolotaryov and Zina Kolmogorova





Before the lunch break.


A picture of poor quality.


Yuri Krivonischenko, Igor Dyatlov, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Lyuda Dubinina and Zina Kolmogorova.





Lunch break.


Semyon Zolotaryov sits on a backpack and talks to Zina Kolmogorova.


In the left hand she holds thin gloves.


On the right are the legs of Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles.





Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles sits on a log and cuts a long walking stick.


The group walked along the river, evidently Nikolai decided to acquire this stick, since he had to go on first and with his help he intended to probe the snow ahead.





Nikolai is cleaning his skis with a knife.





Lunch break.


Shot of the surrounding landscape, low shores, dense forest, the sky is cloudy.





Dyatlov group is getting up after lunch.


Semyon Zolotaryov was leading the group before lunch, and now is behind.


A photo of poor quality.


Judging by the pictures that Semyon was taking, one can make the assumption that Zolotaryov did not have much experience in photography, and he himself acquired a camera recently.





Photo by Semyon Zolotaryov.


He is behind Zina Kolmogorova and decided to take a picture of the group against the background of Хой-Эква 733m (inactive volcano).





Krivonischenko is leading the group and taking the photo.


In the distance mountain Хой-Эква 733m (inactive volcano).





Yuri Krivonischenko, Igor Dyatlov, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and possibly Zina Kolmogorova.


In the distance mountain Хой-Эква 733m (inactive volcano).




Photo of poor quality.


The group goes along the Lozva river, it is difficult to distinguish who is in the photo.


In the distance mountain Хой-Эква 733m (inactive volcano).

Dyatlov group pitched their tent at 17:30 on 28 January 1959 - 10 km from their starting point in 2nd Northern and 7 km to Auspiya river.




















#1254 fortyck



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Napisano 29 styczeń 2021 - 21:03

January 29, 1959


On January 29, 1959, the men of the group took turns to cut a trail for 10 mins, and the group was taking a break after all 7 rotated.


They stopped every 70 mins (2-3 km).


They turn on Auspiya river tributary.


The group stopped for lunch at the fourth halt.


They followed a Mansi ski trail and soon started seeing Mansi signs and storage platform (labaz).


Dyatlov group spent the night at the river Hoysipulsos (Хойсиспалсос) tributary.


It's Yuri Doroshenko's birthday.


He turned 21.



Zina Kolmogorova diary

Today is Yurka's birthday.


We go first to Lozva then we turn to Auspiya.


Surroundings are beautiful.


Along the Auspiya Mansi have passed.


A trail is visible, grooves, a path is visible.


We often see Mansi signs on the trail.


I wonder what they write about?


Now the Mansi trail goes South.

(note: the turn is the sketch of the notch, the initials with the date Oct. 5, 1958, the drawing of the ax?)

Now we sit the three of us: Rustik, Yurka and I Waiting for the rest.


For the night stopped near the ski tracks.


We are burning firewood with Yurka.


We talked about the past.


Such a playboy.



Dyatlov group diary

Second day of our hike.


We made our way from the Lozva River to the Auspiya River.


We walked along a Mansi trail.


The weather is –13 C.


The wind is weak.


We often find ice on the Lozva River.


That's all.

Nick Thibeaux




Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №12

Morning on Lozva river, Krivonischenko took a picture of the winding ski trail.




Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №13


Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №14

Lozva river, in the distance mountain Хой-Эква 733m.




Thibeaux-Brignolle camera film №3 frame №8

Break on Lozva.


Yuri Doroshenko sits on his backpack.


From the backpack sticking out is the handle of an ice ax or an ax, next to it there is still someone's backpack, probably Zina Kolmogorova's.


A pencil sticks out of his breast pocket.


It's cold, Yuri has a hat and a windbreaker and warms his hands in his pockets.


He listens to the conversation of the guys and smiles.




loose photo

Zina Kolmogorova barely in the frame, Nikolai, Zolotaryov, Lyuda Dubinina hidden behind him, last is Rustem Slobodin looking at the camera.




Thibeaux-Brignolle camera film №3 frame №9

Photo by Zina Kolmogorova.


Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, Semyon Zolotaryov, Lyuda Dubinina (left), Rustem Slobodin.




Krivonischneko camera film №1 frame №15

The group turned off from Lozva river and went to Auspiya through the forest along the river following the ski trail of a Mansi hunter.




Thibeaux-Brignolle camera film №3 frame №10

Semyon Zolotaryov, Yuri Doroshenko and Igor Dyatlov reading the map.




Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №16

Auspiya river.


Following the Mansi hunter trail Dyatlov geoup came across a Mansi labaz (storage platform raised above the ground)




Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №17

Dyatlov group stopped for lunch.


They are discussing the Mansi labaz and what they should do for a cache before ascending to Mt. Otorten.




Slobodin's camera film №4 frame №24


Slobodin's camera film №4 frame №25


Slobodin's camera film №4 frame №26

This looks like a trap for animals that the hikers came upon and took a picture.




Slobodin's camera film №4 frame №27


Krivonischenko camera film №1 frame №18

Dyatlov group took pictures of Mansi markings that tell how many local hunters passed through this area and the family clan to which they belong.


Mansi are people of the north.


Very interesting and unique people that inhabit the North Polar Urals, closed to the Tyumen region.


They have a written language and leave characteristic signs on forest trees.




Unknown camera film №5 frame №21

Yuri Doroshenko examining the Mansi signs.




















#1255 fortyck



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Napisano 31 styczeń 2021 - 20:39

January 31, 1959


The sequence of frames in film №1 is questionable.


The film is cut and it is hard to tell which frame follows which.


According to the sequence of frames it turns out that Doroshenko's sweatshirt was burned in the night January 31 to February 1.


However, it is known from the diary of Zina Kolmogorova that the sweatshirt was burned in the night of January 30 to January 31.


There is a clear contradiction, only one of many in this case.



Dyatlov group diary


31 January 1959
Today the weather is a bit worse wind (west), snow (probably from the pines) because the sky is perfectly clear.

Came out relatively early (around 10 am).


Took the same Mansi sled trail.


Till now we walk along a Mansi trail, which was crossed by a deer hunter not long ago.

Yesterday we apparently came across his resting stop.


Deer didn't go much further.


The hunter didn't follow the beaten trail and we are now in his steps.

Today was surprisingly good accommodations for the tent, air is warm and dry, despite the low temperature of -18C to -24C.


Walking is especially hard today.


Visibility is very low.


We can't see the trail and sometimes we have to advance gropingly.


All we can do is 1.52 km (1 mile) per hour.

We are forced to find new methods of clearing the path for the skis.


The first member leaves his backpack on the ground and walks forward, then returns and rests for 10-15 minutes with the group.


Thus we have a non-stop paving of the trail.


It is especially hard for the second to move down the new trail with full gear on the back.


We gradually leave the Auspiya valley, the rise is continuous, but quite smooth.


Fir trees are replaced by wispy birch-wood.


We came out of the tree line.


Wind is western, warm, penetrating.


The speed of the wind is similar to the air draft created by a taking off airplane.


Firn, open spaces.


I can't even start thinking of setting up a storage. It's close to 4.


We have to start looking for a place to pitch the tent.


We are going south in Auspiya river valley.


This apparently is the place covered with the deepest snow.


Wind is not strong, snow cover is 1,22 m.


Tired and exhausted we started the preparations for the night.


Not enough firewood. Frail damp firs.


We started fire with logs, too tired to dig a fire pit.


We had supper right in the tent. It's warm.


It is hard to imagine such a comfort somewhere on the ridge, with a piercing wind, hundreds kilometers away from human settlements.





The stream is not frozen.


Walking along the creek is not possible, large snowdrifts and deep snow.


This photo in possible to have been taken on January 30.




... It's impossible to walk along the river - it did not freeze, and under the snow, water and ice ...


In the photo Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolles.


To the left in the snow lies the ski.


Large drifts, deep snow, Nikolay fell into a creek under the snow.





Nikolay lies in the snow.


The ski that lay next to it is no longer visible covered with snow, next to it there are two ski poles.


One ski stick plunged into the snow to the very handle, this indicates that the depth of the snow is more than a meter.


Some of the guys tried to pull Nikolay by the legs and pulled off his left foot boots.





Nikolay cleared himself of some snow and puts a black glove on his left hand.


Apparently it was his turn to pack the snow ahead of the group.


The group walked along the river covered with snow and at some point Nikolay collapsed.





Nikolay got out of the snowdrift, got to his feet, put on his right foot boots and looked at the guys.


In the foreground, behind the branches, lies his backpack, next to him is a black right mitt, skis and ski poles.


In front to the left is a hole in the snow, probably under it is a stream.





You can see tracks leading to the silhouette.


This is not somebody hiding in the forest going after the group, like Yeti.


This theory is Discovery channel’s way to justify a budget spent on a movie - so they had to offer an ending that will speak to the american audience.


In the states you can’t make a movie and not have an ending.


Please stop asking me about the “Yeti” photo.


This is Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolle.







Nikolay smiles at the photographer, although it's clear he is very cold.





The group stopped for lunch.


In the foreground is Zina Kolmogorova.


She stuck her ski poles in the snow, one of the guys helped her take off her backpack and put it next to her.


Zina took off the mittens and threw them on the snow, in her right hand she holds several pieces of sugar, waiting for Kolya Thibaut to give her the rest of the dinner.


On the left Kolya Thibaut's foot and hand, he sits on a backpack and distributes food to the hikers.


Yuri Krivonischenko, Lyuda Dubinina, Yuri Doroshenko and Alexander Kolevatov.





After lunch, the group heads to the pass.


Bad weather, strong wind, blizzard, visibility is limited.


In the photo, most likely it's Zina Kolmogorova.





In the photo is Rustem Slobodin, on his shoulders there is a backpack with a pair of felt boots, a handle of an ax sticks out from the backpack.


Next to him is a backpack, on the far background from the right one more backpack is seen, most likely it's a bag with the tent.


The group stopped at the foot of the pass on the border of the forest.


There is strong wind, blizzard and low visibility.




Photo by Yuri Krivonischenko

In the foreground, without a backpack, stands Igor Dyatlov and looks somewhere to the left of the photographer.


His left knee in the snow, obviously Igor was kneeling when he took off his backpack.


From the left, behind Igor, is Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolle, he took off his ski boot and looked at the photographer.


Resisting the force of the wind, Igor and Nikolay inclined their bodies forward.


In the background is Lyuda Dubinina, she turns away from the wind and looks around, looks at the one who follows her.


She has a small backpack on her back.


The presence of a small backpack on the back of Lyuda Dubinina.


She had a leg wound, so the guys tried to make the weight of her backpack as easy as possible.


Behind her another figure is visible, most likely it's Alexander Kolevatov.


The group came to the foot of the pass and stopped at the edge of the forest.


Around the small crooked birches and spruce.


The weather is very different from what it was in the valley of the Auspiya river.


On the pass there is a strong wind, blizzard, low visibility is bad at 100 - 200 m.

We gradually leave Auspiya valley, the rise is continuous, but quite smooth.


Fir trees are replaced by wispy birch-wood.


We came out of the tree line.


Wind is western, warm, penetrating.


The speed of the wind is like air draft created by a taking off airplane.


Firn, open spaces.


I can't even start thinking of setting up a storage.


It's close to 4 pm.




Photo by Yuri Krivonischenko

Photo by Yuri Krivonischenko.


In Russian this photo is dubbed "Совет в Филях" or Council of Fili after a famous painting by Aleksey Kivshenko.


It seems like there were members of the group that were sent out to scout the pass, and they just came back.


Very interesting shot - it recorded one of the important moments in the fate of the group.


The tourists stopped at a halt, on the border of the forest, to put on warm clothes and prepare for further ascent in the mountain.


While the group was gathering firewood, Dyatlov and Kolevatov went further up to assess the conditions.


Igor Dyatlov on the left, talking to Semyon Zolotaryov.


Igor is on the skis, Alexander Kolevatov listens to what Igor is saying and looks at Semyon or at some of the guys behind him.


To the right is Semyon Zolotarev, he threw a jacket on his shoulders and listens attentively to what Igor is saying with a serious expression on his face.


Behind Semyon is Yura Doroshenko, he goes to his backpack.


In the background on skis is Rustem Slobodin with a heavy backpack, with boots on top of it.


On the previous photo there was an ax sticking out of his backpack, now it's not there.


They are cutting wood for the night.


Rustem warms his hands in his pockets and looks at Lyuda and Nikolay.


Next to him on the ski is Zina Kolmogorova.


She is slightly bent forward and puts her left arm on her shoulder strap from the backpack.


Near Zina on the right, stands Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolles on skis, on his shoulders hangs a heavy backpack.


With his right hand Nikolay is helping Zina to put her backpack on her shoulders.


In the foreground, with his back, next to the dwarf birch, stands Lyuda Dubinina.


She warms her hands in the pockets of her trousers and looks at the guys.


On the snow there are two backpacks, one is Yuri Doroshenko's, and the second must be Semyon Zolotaryov's.


To the backpacks are attached brush and firewood for the stove.


The group stands in a small hollow on the edge of the forest.


From the right of the group is a small hill, on which grow dwarf, ugly birches.


Strong headwind, blizzard, visibility no more than 100 m.


This photo captures a key moment.


What happened here?


It may seem that Igor, as the head of the group, made a gross mistake, led tourists to a radial ascent without having made storage and the group was in extremely unfavorable conditions.


Here everything depended on the further choice of the route.


... Today, probably, we will build a storage. ... 


Apparently, there was no certainty, Igor himself did not know exactly where they would build the storage?


If the group was going to follow the route; the river Auspiya - the river Lozva - mountain Otorten, they should overcome a pass and go down to a valley of the river Lozva.


The ascent to the Mt Otorten, by plan, was supposed to happen from the valley of Lozva river, but then they would not need need the brush and firewood before going through the pass.


The group reached the pass early, and during lunch, Dyatlov decided to stack up with firewood and go up the pass for an overnight on the ridge.


There was still enough bright time of day to continue the trek for the day.


Igor intended to raise the group with full equipment to Mt Kholat Syakhl.


There he planned to spend a cold overnight, then to cross the northern peaks of the Kholat Syakhl and descend to the valley of the Lozva river, build a storage and continue to Mt Otorten.


After careful consideration Igor decided that the exercise to spend the night on the pass will make more sense if they leave the extra load here.


On this photo is captured the moment when Igor is explaining to Zolotaryov his change of plan:

  • go back to Auspiya river for a warm and sheltered campsite
  • make a storage, leave an extra load
  • next day continue to Mt Otorten without descending from the pass. They would have already built the storage and left the extra load on Auspiya river. The standard route to go up Mt Otorten was from Lozva river. Dyatlov had a different idea in mind - once on top of the pass to continue on the ridge light from extra weight, trek easily on firm ice on the ridge of Mt Kholat Syakhl without loss of altitude, and spend a warm night on the lake, the source of Lozva river
  • make an ascent to Mt Otorten and set off on the return journey.



















#1256 fortyck



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Napisano 01 luty 2021 - 21:21

February 1, 1959


On February 1 the group started out late, covered 2 km only and pitched a tent on the open ridge for a "cold" overnight i.e. without firewood.

Dyatlov group had to prepare a note for the ascent to Mt Otorten, but instead they write on Evening Otorten №1, the satirical propaganda leaflet.





The only written piece where snowman (or Yeti) is mentioned is in Evening Otorten №1, the satirical propaganda leaflet Dyatlov Group put together at the night of the incident.


The case file does not contain a photo of this flyer, only a transcript of its content.


You might think that Keith McCloskey, Libecki and others would want to consult the original document in order to independently authenticate such an apparently important clue, but they do not.





We have to guess what their plans were.

  • They were carrying the stove and even though they did not used it that night it means that they were planning on using it at least once before their return back to the labaz.
  • They pitched the tent on the ridge although they had the time to go down to Lozva river. The only reason to do that is to continue in the morning on high grounds towards Otorten, where it is easier to ski on firm snow.

The conclusion is that they planned to have more "warm" overnight on February 2 at lake Lunthusaptur (Лунтхусаптур) under Mt Otorten where the source of Lozva starts.


They must have planned to make the note for the ascent then.

On the morning of February 3 make an ascent to Mt Otorten, and replace the note that was there with their own.


Then they pack their tent and start their way back.

They spend another "cold" overnight on February 3 on Kholat Syakhl.

On February 4 the group was supposed to go back to their labaz on Auspiya river.

From the campsite on February 1 to Mt Otorten is about 18 km.


Taking into account the return journey, that makes 36 km.


The group planned to leave on February 1 and return on February 4 to the labaz, the group had to take products for 3 days.

The upcoming route was r. Auspiya - lake Lunthusaptur - Mt Otorten - r. Auspiya.


They started late on February 1 because they waited for the weather to clear out.


They wrote Evening Otorten №1, built a storage (labaz), gather firewood for the return back.


Then after lunch, Dyatlov took the risk and lead the group up the the mountain Kholat Syakhl.

Dyatlov Pass is not where the group was headed.


The pass is the place to go over Kholat Syakhl if you are going to come down.


Some people speculate that Dyatlov got lost and didn't find the pass.


This is not true.


The group didn't intend to go though the pass.


They wanted to gain altitude and stay on the ridge for a "cold" overnight i.e. without firewood.




Loose photo with unknown origin

Dyatlov (left, bended), Zolotaryov, Dubinina and Krivonischenko (right) brushing ashes from Dyatlov's portable stove.


We can see Kolevatov's Finnish knife.


Note how the tent is suspended on a rope tied to nearby trees.


From this photo and other we can speculate that Lyuda liked to hang around the the senior member of the group - Zolotaryov and Thibeaux-Brignolle.


That can explain her choice to join them at the last hours of her life.




Krivonischenko film №1 frame №29

Alexander Kolevatov and Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles, behind them stands a pair of skis.


Behind Nikolai's right, leaning against the birch and all in the snow, lies a backpack.


To this birch is tied an extension that holds the center of the tent.


Behind the backpack and birch stands a tent.


The edge of the slope of the tent is covered with snow, wet spots are visible on the slope.


Alexander is pointing at something down and laughs, Nikolay looks down and laughs too.


The guys most likely laugh at the burnt Doroshenko's quilted jacket.




Krivonischenko film №1 frame №30

Morning, just for laughs Rustem Slobodin puts on the burnt quilted jacket that belonged to Yuri Doroshenko and posed for the photo.




Krivonischenko film №1 frame №31

Rustem Slobodin posing for a photo in the burnt quilted jacket that belonged to Doroshenko.


Behind him in the snow lies a pair of skis, in front of him is a backpack, Rustem's feet are covered with shoe covers.


The group is preparing to get on the trail.





They went 2 km and about 3 pm setup a camp site.




Krivonischenko's film№1 frame №32

February 1 Dyatlov group on their way to Kholat Syakhl




Krivonischenko's film№1 frame №33


Loose photo with unknown origin

Dyatlov group setting up the tent for their last night alive, photo is taken around 5 pm.


Rakitin disputes this conclusion, we can not be sure what time were these last photos taken.




Loose photo with unknown origin

According to the Resolution to close the case where Lev Ivanov says:

...Dyatlov, as the leader of the group, made a gross mistake allowing the group to begin the ascent on 1.II.59, only at 15-00.

- 2 -

Later, on the ski trail, which was preserved at the time of the search, it was possible to establish that the tourists, moving to the valley of the fourth tributary of the Lozva River, were 500-600 m to the left and instead of the pass formed by the peaks "1079" and "880" they went up on the eastern slope of height "1079".

This was Dyatlov's second mistake.

Using light day time to rise to the top of the "1079", in conditions of strong wind that is usual in this area, and a low temperature of the order of 25-30°C, Dyatlov group found themselves at unprofitable conditions for spending the night and decided to pitch the tent on a slope of height "1079" so that in the morning of the next day, without losing altitude, go to the Mt. Otorten, to which the distance in straight line remained about 10 km.

In one of the cameras the last frame shows the moment of excavation of snow for the installation of the tent.


Considering that this frame was shot with an exposure of I/25 seconds, with a diaphragm of 5.6 at a film sensitivity of 65 Un.


GOST, and taking into account the density of the frame, we can assume that the tourists started the installation of the tent around 5 pm 1.II.59.


A similar picture was taken with another camera.

After this time, no records and no photos were found.”

Rakitin disputes Ivanov's examination of the photos.


He says that Ivanov calculated the time based on their Sverdlovsk time and the position of the sun on the plain.


And Rakitin believes that in the mountains the sun sets earlier and therefore it is necessary to make allowances.


Photographers believe that according to such characteristics as ISO, aperture and shutter speed (shutter speed 1 / 25s, with aperture of 5.6, with a film sensitivity of 65 UGOST), in principle, it is impossible to determine the shooting time, because on a clear and cloudy day you will have different camera settings at the same time.


You can determine the time of shooting only if you have a clear shadow and you clearly know the direction of North-South, based on the concept of astronomical midday and the movement of the sun 15 degrees per hour.


There are no shadows on these photos and orientation is not known.


So time can not be set in principle.

On February 2 the group was supposed to cover 14 - 14.5 km on a firm snow, reach lake Lunthusaptur and to have a "warm" overnight.


That's way they took the stove with them and was found in the tent, not used on the tragic night of February 1.

What happened on the night of February 1959 will haunt us till this day.

I can offer only a speculative reenactment of the events of this night.




















#1257 fortyck



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Napisano 02 luty 2021 - 22:54

Annual conference in Memory of Dyatlov group in real time.




















#1258 fortyck



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Napisano 02 luty 2021 - 22:57

In memory of Dyatlov group that perished 62 years to the day.























#1259 fortyck



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Napisano 03 luty 2021 - 14:42

Od maja 2020 r., dostępna jest druga po polsku książka o tragedii Diatłowa z 1959 roku.





Data premiery: 6 MAJA 2020

Liczba stron:  280







Pod koniec stycznia 1959 roku grupa turystów, głównie studentów i absolwentów Politechniki Uralskiej, postanowiła uczcić kolejny zjazd KPZR zdobyciem góry Otorten w Uralu Północnym.


Wyprawa zakończyła się tragicznie i w wyjątkowo zdumiewających okolicznościach.


Obozujący na zboczu turyści rozcięli swój namiot, wybiegli w uralską noc, rozpalili ognisko.


Nikt nie przeżył nocy – niektórzy zmarli z powodu hipotermii, u innych znaleziono liczne urazy, ślady krwotoku z nosa, sporych rozmiarów sińce na twarzy, złamania.


Do dziś nikt nie wyjaśnił tej sprawy, a samo śledztwo z 1959 roku było równie zagadkowe, jak tragedia.


Prokurator zamknął je nagle, a w sprawozdaniu napisał, że przyczyną śmierci turystów była „potężna siła”.


Dziś w Rosji badaniem tej sprawy zajmuje się kilkanaście tysięcy osób, w tym Fundacja Pamięci Grupy Diatłowa.


Napisano na ten temat kilkanaście książek, nakręcono filmy dokumentalne, opublikowano tysiące artykułów.


Co roku w rocznicę wydarzenia na Uniwersytecie Uralskim odbywa się konferencja poświęcona pamięci ofiar.


Tajemnicza śmierć dziewięciorga turystów i niespodziewanie zakończone dochodzenie to idealny punkt wyjścia do snucia teorii spiskowych.


Ale Alice Lugen poszła w zupełnie inną stronę.


Historia wyprawy służy jej do opowiedzenia o biurokratycznym chaosie, zimnowojennej histerii i zakulisowych politycznych rozgrywkach.


Zamiast horroru z paranormalnym tłem dostajemy biurokratyczny thriller, który nie przypadkiem przywołuje na myśl głośny serial o tragedii w Czarnobylu.





Świeżo wydana „Tragedia na Przełęczy Diatłowa” jest książką nader aktualną – opis wydarzeń związanych z dochodzeniem prawdy sięga ostatnich miesięcy 2019. Reportaż śledczy Lugen nosi podtytuł Historia bez końca i to wskazuje czytelnikowi kierunek, w jakim poszła autorka: tym, co interesuje ją najbardziej, nie są same mniej lub bardziej spiskowe teorie na temat śmierci ludzi Diatłowa, lecz tragedia jako szczególnego rodzaju test. Wydolności systemu biurokratycznego, uczciwości wymiaru sprawiedliwości, ideologicznego zaślepienia, a wreszcie – test na ludzką empatię, solidarność, lojalność, gotowość do poświęceń.
Reportaż operujący faktami trzyma w napięciu jak horror. I to budzi znacznie większą grozę niż najbardziej fantastyczne teorie spiskowe.
Czytając „Tragedię na Przełęczy Diatłowa. Historię bez końca” żałowałam szalenie, że mam w rękach książkę z dziedziny non-fiction, ponieważ od pewnego momentu zaczęłam przeczuwać, że nie ma szans na logiczne i dokładne wyjaśnienie wszystkich wątków. Gdyby to była powieść, wymagałabym od autora, żeby uporządkował fakty i zadbał o psychologiczne prawdopodobieństwo wydarzeń. Prawdziwe życie, niestety, nie poddaje się takiej presji.
„Tragedia na Przełęczy Diatłowa” to świetna książka dla fanów historii, miłośników thrillerów i horrorów. Ale też tych wszystkich, którzy cenią sobie książki wielowymiarowych zagadek. Lugen ma nie tylko talent do snucia opowieści, do umiejętnego utrzymywania napięcia, ale też i godny pozazdroszczenia dar porządkowania faktów, panowania nad nimi, podawania ich tak, by przeprowadzić czytelnika przez jeden z najciekawszych historycznych labiryntów XX wieku.




















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Napisano 04 luty 2021 - 21:36


Aleksander Alekseenkov, a researcher of the tragedy from Moscow, told about this during the annual Dyatlov group conference in Yekaterinburg, February 2, 2021.
For many years in a row, twice a year (in summer and winter), he traveled to the Dyatlov Pass to conduct various experiments.
In 2020 he used a magnetometer from one of the laboratories.
"My expectations were justified: a magnetic anomaly was discovered a few hundred meters from the tent site, - said Aleksander Alekseenkov.
- The gradient (spread) of the voltage was from several units to several tens of units, and in that place - right up to 1700 units, that is, the difference is several orders of magnitude."
While the articles refer to death by magnetic anomaly the authors of "1079" are putting this finding in a much more plausible context.
Photo by Aleksander Mamaev © URA.RU




















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