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Tragedia na Przełęczy Diatłowa (1/2 luty 1959 r.)

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#1261 fortyck



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Napisano 25 luty 2021 - 13:03

February 23 - the search is airborne!


The organization of rescue work from 24.02 was trusted to the head of the military department of the UPI Colonel Georgy Ortyukov.


Ortyukov was able to agree with the chief of the air force of the district on the allocation of an aircraft and two helicopters, and Maslennikov engaged in the preparation and organization of the actions of search groups from tourists and climbers.


Radio communication with the groups was set up with the help of the Nevolin and Yaburov radio operators of the Northern geological expedition (headed by Sulman).


With the help of regional and local authorities and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, a group of military men, led by Captain Chernyshov (Chief of Staff internal troops unit 6602 of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Ivdel), was involved in the search.


They brought guides Moiseev and Mostovoy with two rescue dogs, and later - the soldiers of the defence of Ivdellag under the command of Lieutenant Potapov and sappers Lieutenant Colonel Shestopalov with mine detectors.


Local indigenous Mansi also took part in the searches - the family of Kourikovs, Anyamovs from the village of Suyevat Paul and Komi hunters.


The Bakhtiyarov family led a search for the missing toursit in their habitats along the valleys of Vizhay and Toshemka.


The search groups were joined by some local residents: hunters, foresters (Pashin and Kuznetsov), military (Cheglakov).


Intensely questioned were hunters, researchers and local residents, whether they had seen Dyatlov group.


The rescuers cautioned how important is to inform the search headquarters of any signs of the missing group.


The search area was huge.


Short daylight (6 hours) and unfavorable weather conditions made it very difficult for aerial search and rescuers drop offs with military helicopters.


Sights of the hikers or their tracks from the airplane was nearly impossible, therefore it is very difficult to direct the search parties in the open spaces of the taiga.


For such large area the search efforts were clearly inadequate.


Headquarters tried to narrow the search zone tactically.


The main focus was on the most remote, complex and dangerous area from Mt Otorten to Oika-Chakour.


It was decided the first two search groups to land in the regions of Mt Otorten (the northern Slobtsov group) and Oika-Chakour (the southern Grebennik group), 70 km south of Ototen.


Moving towards each other, these groups had to find signs of Dyatlov group and meet on the ridge.


The search parties were given the task to find traces of the missing group: ski tracks and camp sites, follow them and rescue Dyatlov group.


Tactically, the search was built like this: after disembarkation in the search area, the group was divided into several units of 2-3 people, who, during the day covered in radial directions distance of several kilometers and return to their bivouac.


The purpose of the radial search was to determine in which direction did Dyatlov group go.


Then the group in its entirety moved to a new point on the supposed route of the hikers, equipped a new bivouac, and again searched radially.


It was expected sooner or later to stumble upon linear ski tracks left by Dyatlov group.


If this were the case the search parties were to follow them and find Dyatlov group camp site and eventually the place of the accident.


So it was decided to find the tracks first, and then the group itself.


Before the arrival of the radio operators, the instructions were given to the rescue groups by dropping canisters from the aircraft with instructions inside, and the searchers responded by writing on the snow a conventional sign (letter).


At this moment the search operations have the urgency of a rescue, which is life-saving.


Search operations will eventually find the dead, and clarify the causes of death, but everybody hoped for a favorable outcome.


One by one, the rescue teams went to the search area, landed from helicopters and moved through the taiga and mountains, looking for traces of the missing group.


In terms of scale and duration at that time, these rescue operations were unprecedented.




Aircraft AN-2 at the airfield Aramil, Sverdlovsk


February 23
In poor visibility, Slobtsov group was transferred by two helicopters to what turn to be Mount Pumsalnel 1055, a peak east of Otorten.


They were trying to get as close to Otorten as they could since this was the final destination of Dyatlov group.


They wanted to find out if they have been to Otorten.


Within five hours of the aerial search, a ski trail was spotted running along the bank of the Auspiya River and then in the direction of the ridge.


The trail appeared to be old. After landing on Pumsalnel 1055 Slobtsov group descended towards Lozva river and secured the equipment in a bivouac.


Slobtsov wrote:
"On the top, where we were brought in by helicopter, we saw no tracks.


The next day was dedicated to some useless searches along the Lozva River.


That very day we came to the banks of the Auspiya, where we knew that Dyatlov was intending to create his storage depot.


Sure enough, on the left bank of this river we found some old ski tracks.


A radio message was sent by our search team operator, and we received the following message from our fellow rescue group: ‘We’re six or ten kilometers from the Auspiya and we’ve found narrow sports ski tracks, different to the wide tracks of the Mansi skis.


It’s a good trail made by a number of people, and is probably 10-15 days old, very easy to follow in the forest, but almost invisible in open places.


The track goes to the ridge, where of course it disappears due to wind and snow drifts."




Ivdel airport, in the center helicopter commander Protyazhenko and Colonel G. Ortyukov, on the far right criminalist Lev Ivanov and next to him radio operator Egor Nevolin


February 24
Next day Slobtsov rescue group reached the mountain and came to a conclusion that Dyatlov group never made it this far.


The students didn't find any traces, flags or anything else that would indicate recent ascend.


They crossed the source of Lozva trying to find tracks left by Dyatlov group.


They didn't find any but realized that tracks can be only preserved in the taiga.


On the open slopes of the mountain the skis didn't leave any trace.


Therefore they decided to look for footprints father down, in the taiga, and cross the forest part of Auspiya valley.


There laid another possible route of Dyatlov group.


On Feb 24 Slobtsov group moved south, to the valley of Auspiya river.




The landing site on Kholat Syakhl.


February 25
Slobtsov group going up and down Auspiya valley found 5 km down the river Dyatlov group camp site.


On the left bank of the river were barely noticeable snow-covered ski tracks.


Karelin group finished a trek to Mt Molebny Kamen from 9 to 24 Feb 1959.


They started in the area of the upper sources Niols river towards Mount Sampalchakhl 910 where Dyatlov group was supposed to end their trek at the same time.


Both groups had discussed meeting near Oykachakhl 1322.


When Dyatlov was no show Karelin made a big deal of it and they continued their way.


Two weeks later 25 Feb 1959 in a dining room at the train station of Serov city a man, calling himself a representative of Northern geological party, approached the hikers and asked casually "Aren't they searching for you?"


They answered warily "What do you mean search?


We are not due yet."


They called hastily Sverdlovsk and learned from Orlov about the missing Dyatlov group.


They were summoned to participate in the search operation.


Two of the members, Goryachko and Granin, were in no shape to continue and were sent back to Sverdlovsk.


The other six members: Vladislav Karelin, Georgy Atmanaki, Boris Borisov, Evgeniy Serditih, Vladimir Skutin and Vladimir Shavkunov joined the rescuers in Ivdel by train same day at 11 pm.


Next day 25 Feb Georgy Atmanaki and Vladimir Skutin were on board of the plane that flew to survey a point of disembarkation for Akselrod group near peak Otorten.




















#1262 fortyck



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Napisano 27 luty 2021 - 20:30

February 26 - first signs of Dyatlov group



Grebennik group having checked the upper sources of Vishera river, passed to the eastern slope - moving south towards Mt Oykachakhl, so the next day they can ascend to its summit.


On their way to the top a plane flew above and dropped a canister with an order to retreat down along Toshemka river.




Grebennik rescue group


Oleg Grebennik
Vladimir Shlyapin
Vladislav Kirsanov
Vitaly Kostrulin
Vladimir Skachkov
Ivan Tatsienko








Atmanaki and Skutin flew to Otorten to observe the area of Lozva river and the slopes of the mountain for landing sites.




Karelin rescue group


Vladislav Karelin
Georgy Atmanaki
Vladimir Skutin
Boris Borisov
Evgeny Serditih
Vladimir Shavkunov






Despite the bad weather Akselrod rescue group was dropped off at 16-00 8 km east of the peak Otorten.





Yaburov, Akselrod and Tipikin, photo by Sergey Sogrin


Moses Akselrod
Sergey Sogrin






Captain Alexey Chernyshov rescue group took off from Ivdel at 13-00, landed in the designated area in the upper sources of the Purma river, about 25 km from the Peak 1079.


They were to cover the passes of Auspya-Purma and Purma-Vishera




Kourikov, Anyamov, Slobtsov, Cheglakov, Sharavin, Sogrin, Akselrod, Brusnitsin, Halizov, Lebedev, down - Tipikin, Atmanaki, Koptelov


Captain Alexey Chernyshov Captain Vlasov
Petty Officer Sidorov
Staff Sergeant Verhovsky Yablonskiy

Egor Semenovich Nevolin
Stepan Kourikov
2 more members of Kourikov family
Nikolay Anyamov




Michail Sharavin, Vladimir Lebedev, Boris Slobtsov, Vyacheslav Halizov (with the map), photo by Vadim Brusnitsin 25 Feb 1959


Boris Slobtsov
Vadim Brusnitsin
Stas Devyatov
Yuri Koptelov
Vyacheslav Krotov
Vladimir Lebedev
Vladimir Strelnikov
Vyacheslav Khalizov
Michail Sharavin
Ivan Pashin
Alexei Cheglakov



Slobtsov group split into three divisions.


The first one went south where Dyatlov group could have gone after their descent from Otorten, the second division examined Auspiya river for tracks and in the search for the storage site (labaz) of Dyatlov group.


The third division followed the trajectory of the Dyatlov group ski trail up Kholat Syakhl where they found the torn Dyatlov group tent.


Boris Slobtsov and Mihail Sharavin, together with Ivan Pashin the Mansi forester, noticed the dark shape of a tent covered by snow and a protruding stovepipe on the slope of the Kholat Syakhl.


Pashin was hesitant to approach the tent, so the two students went on alone.


Upon encountering the scene, they noted:
“The tent was situated on the northeast slope of the Kholat Syakhl Mountain.


It was about 300 meters from the summit and was pitched on a special flat area dug into the snow, with some snow walls around it for protection from the wind.


One end of the tent faced southeast towards the Auspiya river, the other faced northwest towards the Lozva river.”

Another rescue team described the slope as ‘uneven and descending, and crossed by three stony ridges parallel to one another before passing into a hollow’.

“As we approached the tent, we discovered the entrance was out of the snow, but the rest was buried.


In the snow around the tent, there were ski poles and one pair of skis.


The snow on the tent was 15-20 cm deep.


The snow had obviously drifted there and was very firm.


At the side of the tent there was a Chinese flashlight, which we later found belonged to Dyatlov.


But we couldn’t understand why the snow under the flashlight was ten centimeters thick, yet there wasn’t any on the flashlight itself.


I put the flashlight down and saw it was switched off.


I switched it on and there was light.


I didn’t notice it at the time, but I was later told that close to the side of the tent was a mark where someone had urinated, and next to the entrance of the tent was an ice axe.”


There were no bodies near the tent or inside it.


The students took the diaries and a flask of alcohol from the tent before returning to join the rest of the group.


Around 4PM that day, they met another group with a radio set and sent a message with the coordinates of the tent.


Understanding what happened at the tent is a very important node in the chain of events.


This is where the tragedy started to unfold.


For reasons that were never answered, the sides of the tent were cut from inside and it looks like the hikers chose this strange exit for leaving the tent completely ignoring the entrance, or did they?


The tent hung in the largest room in Ivdel Department of Internal Affairs to be photographed.


The prevailing opinion was that some vandals surprised and attacked the hikers cutting the tent in the process.


Vladimir Korotaev, who in 1959 was young investigator, recalling the events of that time, said that major break in the case was made almost by accident.


A woman was called to help mending his uniform.


She took one look at the tent and spoke with confidence that the cuts were made from inside.


This changed the course of the investigation entirely.


Forensic analysis confirmed the cuts were indeed made from inside.


The examination was conducted in Sverdlovsk Forensic Laboratory 3-16 April 1959 by senior forensic expert Henrietta Eliseevna Churkina.


Official protocol report on Dyatlov group tent:
Official protocol report on Dyatlov group tent:
Camp site is located on the northeast slope of mountain 1079 (Kholat Syakhl , red) at the source of Auspiya river.


Camp site is located 300 meters from the top of the mountain 1079 on a slope of 30°.


Camp site consists of a pad by flattened snow, on the bottom of which are stacked 8 pairs of skis (for tent support and insulation, red).


Tent is stretched on poles and fixed with ropes, at the bottom of the tent 9 backpacks were discovered with various personal items, jackets, rain coats, 9 pairs of shoes.


There were also found men's pants, and three pairs of boots, warm fur coats, socks, hat, ski caps, utensils, buckets, stove, ax, saw, blankets, food: biscuits in two bags, condensed milk, sugar, concentrates, notebooks, itinerary and many other small items and documents, camera and accessories to a camera.


The nature and form of all (...) cuts suggest that they were formed by contact with the canvas inside of the tent with the blade of some weapon (presumably a knife).





The tent was suspended on a rope.


Two photos were made that consequently didn't fit together very well, but the problems didn't end there:

  • The side of the tent facing uphill is not photographed. We know there was at least one hole in the tent and Dyatlov jacket was found tucked in it.
  • The far right end of the tent is left out of the photos.
  • Part of the torn material on right side is covering a hole that is not measured.
  • The sizes of the holes are not precise but approximate. Why couldn't they be measured with precision?
  • How did Churkina decide which cuts were important and worth mentioning, measuring and showing on her scheme?
  • On the photos there is no ruler or something else to be used for a scale to measure the cuts. Rakitin found out what model is the chair that is in the left photo my chance, and made his measurements comparing with the size of the back 40 cm.
  • Churkina's drawing is not only overly schematic but also the positioning, sizes and number of cuts are not accurate.


Some of the cuts from inside didn't make it all the way through.







The back of the chair is used as a measurement ruler.













The cut made by Slobtzov when he found the tent















The piece of the tent material is covering at least one big hole that can not be measured.








This is how Henrietta Churkina saw the tent. This drawing is part of the official file case.


This scheme depicts the state of the groups last minutes quiet routine.


Everything seems orderly and normal except the pile of shoes in area A.


Even if there some shoes there left for the night the chaos of the footwear piled on top is uncharacteristic for the scene.

The following shows the construction of Dyatlov's group tent:

  1. loop at the top of the tent for stretching ropes to avoid the sagging of the canvas
  2. Dyatlov's group tent was made from two 4-person tents and this is the double seam that connects them
  3. Igor Dyatlov created this suspended stove, on the drawing the chimney is assembled and the stove is showing suspended but the search party found them on the floor of the tent.




This drawing and most of the observations (but not all) on this page belong to Alexey Rakitin



Reconstruction of the general form of the tent with the stuff inside on their places the way they were found.


Not to clutter the scheme are omitted hikers 9 backpacks lying on the floor, 9 blankets (2 spread and 7 crumpled) and jackets.


For a scale is shown a man with the size of Yuri Doroshenko (height - 180 cm, shoulders - 55 cm).





A. to the left of the entrance, this is where almost all the footwear of the hikers was piled up - 7 felt boots (valenki) and 6 pair of boots
B. to the left of the entrance, household inventory - 2 buckets, flask with alcohol, 2 large axes, 1 small ax, cooking pots, rasp in its sheath, suspended stove, bags of biscuits, as well as a piece of loin approx. 3 kg
C. in the center of the tent to the right of the entrance were found 2 pair of shoes
D. in the far part of the tent where stored the food - cereals, cans, sugar, and wood for the stove



Near the entrance of the tent was found the satirical propaganda leaflet Dyatlov Group put together at the night of the incident "Evening Otorten".


The content of this document is indicative of the mood inside the group and the fact they had the time to write it.


Later on, an innocent reference from this flyer will become the sand grain that grew the pearl of the Yeti theory of their demise.


Here is the original and translated Evening Otorten №1.


The entrance of the tent was looking south.


The north part was covered with 15-20 cm of snow.


It was concluded from general appearance and density that it was not a result of an avalanche but blown by the wind.


Near the tent, a pair of skis were sticking out from the snow (they couldn't remain like this if there was an avalanche), and at the entrance of the tent in the snow was an ice axe.


Near the ice axe was lying Dyatlov's jacket.


In the pockets was a pocket knife on a carabiner and a pocketbook with Zina Kolmogorova's photo inside.


The objects didn't shed any light about what happened, but it was strange that Dyatlov took off his jacket outside the tent.


On the side of the tent on top of 10 cm of snow laid Dyatlov's flashlight (made in China).


Boris Slobtzov picked it up and turned it on - the flashlight was in working condition.


One of the rescuers remembers "we couldn’t understand why the snow under the flashlight was 10 cm thick, yet there wasn’t any on the flashlight itself.







Unfortunately no one expected to find the tourists dead so there was no attempt to preserve or record the footprints of people around the Dyatlov Pass.


To this day there has been a discussion of exactly how many people were in this pass on that fateful day.


However judging by words of the people involved in the search and who took the lower right picture there were definitely 8-9 tracks of footprints left by tourists who wore almost no footwear.


Their feet pressed the snow and this left a characteristic "columns" of pressed snow with a footprint on top.


Members of the group walked in a single file with a tall men walking in the back.


His footprints partially covered the footprints of his friends who walked in front of him.


Overall the path gave an impression of organized and uneventful descent down the slope of the mountain.


Several trails would deviate from the general direction, but then rejoin the group.


Other footprints were also discovered and photographed.


It is hard to say if these were left by someone else or rescuers themselves.




Elevated footprints






(1) male footprints with not very big steps
(2) small female footprints
(3) two overlapping male footprints, and
(4) larger male footprints that go on same track as the girl's as if this person was covering or walking behind the group.








The only footprint of a boot, you can clearly see the heel of a shoe.


The imprint is not complete, the heel is deeper, the sole - to the middle, this is how a footprint looks like when a person is going downhill putting most of his weight on the heels.




Pertinent testimonies from the criminal case files:


“When we finished taking inventory of the tent’s contents, we moved it to the helicopter pad, about 600- 700 m away.”


Radiogram: “We managed to identify footprints of eight or nine people starting from the tent and going about 1 km down the slope, and then they were lost.


One person was in boots, the others were only in socks and barefoot.”


Some members of the rescue team claimed these footprints started from right outside the tent, and others that they started a little to the side of the tent.


”There were no footprints right around the tent because when the Dyatlov group dug they had stacked the snow all around, and later this snow was drifted by the wind, thus covering all the tracks.


But thirty or 40 m down there was a file of very well preserved footprints.”


”There were footprints of bare feet, but in socks. Some were from valenki, and occasionally we could make out the tread of a ski boot.


All of these prints were raised higher than the actual wind-scoured surface of the slope.


We followed these prints from the tent in the direction of a spreading cedar, which was clearly prominent on the hill.


First we lost, and then we found, the tracks again.


They appeared again in the birch-tree undergrowth, and then they went down along the ravine which led to the Lozva River.”


”Footprints can be preserved in the mountains because of the way the wind works there.


You see the prints not as lowered imprints, but rather as raised columns, because the snow under the print is left compacted and cannot be eroded by the wind, but the area around it is scoured by the wind.


Then the sunrise makes the print area become even firmer, and in this way it can be preserved for the entire winter.”


Captain Chernyshov
”When they crossed a stony ridge where the tracks disappeared, but further down they appeared again, and then they were lost. T


he prints were very distinct. In some of the prints one could see whether the person was barefoot or in socks because you could see the toes.”




Second flashlight was found switched off and battery discharged 400m down the slope


Students took three photo cameras from the tent, group diary, some alcohol and few minor things, and hurried down the mountain to the campsite that was already established at the base of the mountain.


Several Mansi natives joined the group.


Additionally Egor Semenovich Nevolin, a radioman, joined the search party.


At 6 pm they radioed back about their discovery on the last campsite of the Dyatlov group.


UPI informed them that a large search group with will be delivered by a helicopter to their location.


They would also deliver two large military tents for better comfort and security.


A detective would join the search and rescue effort with Colonel Ortyukov as well.


Several members started cooking dinner while everyone else was looking for clues how to continue the search.


They found 710 rubles and railroad tickets for the whole group.


Most took this as a good omen.


They assumed that criminals were not involved since they would steal everything of value.


During dinner Boris Slobtzov raised a toast for the health of his friends and expressed hope that they will be found soon. Local forester, Ivan Pashin, was less optimistic about finding everyone alive and suggested that they should probably drink for the dead rather than the living.


Students found his words offensive and almost beat him up.


The thought of their friends simply perish like that in Siberian Taiga couldn't sink into their minds yet.


The next day - March 3, 1959 at Ivdel airport all things from the location where the tent was found were spread out and protocoled: 9 parka, 8 quilted jackets (vatnik), 1 fur jacket, 2 fur sleeveless vests, 4 shell pants, 1 cotton pants, 4 Scarf, 13 pairs of gloves (fur, cloth and leather), 8 pairs of ski boots, 7 pcs. boots (valenki), 2 pairs of slippers, 8 pairs of gaiters, 3 skating caps, 1 fur hat, 2 felt beret, 3 compass, 1 pocket watch, 2 Finnish knives (Tibo's and Krivo's) in their parkas, Kolevatov's Finnish knife in black leather sheath, 3 axes (2 large and 1 small in a leather case), 19 pcs overboots, 2 buckets, 2 pot, 2 flasks, 1 first aid kit.


There was also a significant number of small items (socks, foot clothes, masks, toothbrushes) taken out of the backpacks, making it difficult to determine who did they belong to.


Conclusions: They left without outer clothes, hats, gloves and shoes.


Only exceptionally serious threat might motivate a group of 9 young and physically fit people urgently leave their shelter in the winter evening in a completely uninhabited forest.


The question apparently was: a retreat down the hill, or the immediate and imminent death at the camp.


This is not to say that the group was completely unarmed - hikers left in the tent three axes and three Finnish knives, and likely they had more knives with them since they cut the fir and birch trees later in the night.


The danger they faced in the camp was not such that could be confronted with axes and knives.


When the group was chased out of their tent they went down the slope to the forest, not to the storage site where they had left provisions before climbing Kholat Syakhl.


19 items (total weight of 55 kg) among them cereals, sugar, wood, Krivonischenko's mandolin, pair of skis used to mark the location, 2 pair of shoes (ski and warm), an ice axe (which is strange), a cap, mask and a shirt.


The storage seemed undisturbed. (read more)




















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Napisano 27 luty 2021 - 21:03

February 27 - the cedar and first bodies



The Head of the UPI sports club Maslennikov, Master of Sports and experienced hiker himself arrived at the tent and started to inspect it with great and meticulous care.


Before the arrival of prosecutor Tempalov, everything was "studied", "investigated" and rearranged into "its" place.


In addition, the students lifted the tent and pulled three pairs of skis out of the tent.


After that students continued their independent actions without the participation of the officials in this investigation.


After inspecting the tent, Atmanaki group went downwards, indicating to Slobtsov group the proposed place for the base rescue camp, and instructing them to go there and carry the equipment.


At about 11:00, at a distance of about 1.5 km from the tent, Sharavin and Koptelov found the first two bodies.


They were Yuri Doroshenko and Yuri Krivonischenko but at the time Doroshenko’s body was mistaken for Zolotoryov’s.


Colonel Ortykov reported in the radio message sent by the search team to Ivdel, “His face is completely covered with snow but we’re now of the opinion he is Doroshenko, not Zolotaryov.


They are both the biggest men in the group.”


Neither Sharavin nor Koptelov were questioned during the investigation.


Sharavin says that, by the time the investigation was conducted, he was in a hospital and therefore couldn’t testify; even more reason why there should have been a statement by Koptelov.


The statement in the criminal files is by Slobtsov:

“While looking carefully around the area, Mihail (Sharavin) noticed something dark close to a cedar tree.


There was a flat area next to the cedar, and on this were remains of a fire.


About two or three meters from the fire they found Yuri Doroshenko, frozen without his clothes and with his hand burned; and a little to the side they found Yuri Krivonischenko in the same state.


Under Doroshenko’s body were three or four cedar branches of about the same thickness.”




Krivonishenko and Doroshenko’s bodies partialy cleared from the snow.


Describing the condition of the bodies in the official record, Vasily Tempalov, the prosecutor in the criminal case, stated:

“Krivonischenko’s right leg has no footwear.


On his left foot there is a brown sock, torn.


Another sock like this was discovered half burnt next to the fire.


On the backs of his hands the skin is torn.


Between the fingers there is blood.


The index finger is also torn.


The skin of the left shin is torn and covered in blood.


There are no more visible injuries on his body.


Doroshenko has woolen socks on his feet, and over these socks another lighter sock.


His ear, lips and nose are covered in blood, and on his left hand, the middle finger is bloody.”


“Next to the bodies was a fire.


Nearby were more than ten small fir-tree branches, cut with a Finnish knife.


The lower dry branches, of about 5-cm diameter, had been cut from the cedar.


Some of these were lying next to the fire.


The snow around was trampled.”


Captain Chernyshov
“It’s possible to surmise that other people had since been by the fire.


We found various garments next to it rather than on the bodies, but we didn’t find any other bodies.


The trees near the fire had been cut with knives, but we found no knives with the bodies.”


“Doroshenko and Krivonischenko, maybe with the help of others, had made a pretty good fire with the branches of fir-trees.


But that fire had been alight for maybe an hour and a half (8-cm branches of cedar had burned through).”


“For about 20 meters around the cedar, there was evidence of young fir-trees being cut with a knife.


We saw around 20 such cut stumps.


But we didn’t see any of the cut branches left, except for one.


It isn’t possible to imagine they were used to maintain the fire.

First of all, they are not good for firewood.


Second, around them were quite a lot of dry twigs and debris.’


“The volume of work done here in making this number of cuts suggests there were more people here than only these two.’


“Several wool and cotton socks were scattered around the fire.


There was a woman’s handkerchief burned through in several places and some fragments of woolen clothes.


But we didn’t find the actual clothes themselves.


In particular, we found the cuff of a dark sweater there, not on the bodies.


Also, we found some money, eight rubles.”


The cedar tree had since become a focal point of Dyatlov Pass tragedy.


This place held many clues, some of them made sense, but most of them raise more questions than answers.


The testimonies of the individuals present at the scene are similar and they bear each other out.


Captain Chernyshov
“All the low branches of the cedar within arm’s reach were broken completely.


One was cut four or five meters high.


They were thick.


These types of branches are extremely difficult to break, even if, for instance, you hang on them with the whole weight of your body.”


“The lower dry branches of the cedar were broken up to two meters high.


Somebody climbed the tree, because the branches four or five meters high were also broken.”


“Most of the dry branches up to five meters were broken.


Beside this, the side of the tree facing the slope and the tent was completely cleared of branches.


These were not dry; they were young and were not used.


ome of them were just lying on the ground, and the others were hanging on the lower branches of the cedar.


It looked as if someone had created a viewing hide facing the site from where they came.”


The same day, at a distance of 1100 meters from the tent and 300 meters from the cedar, the body of Igor Dyatlov was found.


He was lying on his back, his head in the direction of the tent, with no hat, covered with snow, and with his arm leaning on a small birch sapling.


His dying pose can be described as dynamic, he was moving when he felt down.




Igor Dyatlov's body partialy cleared from the snow.


“Dyatlov was lying 300 m away from the cedar towards the tent, next to a birch [sapling] with his face up.


His left hand was kind of dragged to his face as if he had tried to protect himself from the wind.


He was dressed better than Doroshenko and Krivonischenko.


He had a fur vest, his collared shirt, underwear, ski trousers and other clothes.


But he had no hat, gloves, boots or shoes.


Also, he was without his padded jacket or windbreaker.


On his wrist was a watch which had stopped at 5:31.”


“The impression was that he tried to go up [the slope], judging by the way his body was situated; and next to his head was a cluster of small saplings in which he was probably stuck.


But if he had been heading down, then he would have had to go around them to get into the position where his body was discovered.”


“[Dyatlov’s] left elbow is leaning on a birch sapling, his head is clearly behind the birch and 5-7 cm from it.


There are no visible injuries on the body.


There is ice on the face and under the chin.”


“We’ve found the bodies of Dyatlov, Doroshenko, and Krivonischenko or Zolotaryov.


It is hard to say for sure because there are major injuries on their faces, hands and legs.


The prosecutor and Maslennikov are trying to identify them.”


Gennady Grygoryev (journalist)
“We came upon Mount 1079.


The weather was calm, and the mountain was as if it was frozen in ice.


The snow was compacted.


There were ice-covered rock craters all around.


The going was so slippery that, as I was carrying the camera and notebook, I almost broke my leg …


The corpses were frozen and broken like glass.


Finding the first corpses was devastating for the rescue teams, especially for the students.


They came to the site to save their friends, who they believed were only in trouble.


They were anxious to find them and bring help.


Initially, the students were very eager; they didn’t eat and worked up a sweat.


Then, once they realized their friends were dead, the tension let up.


Silence fell all around.”


“On completely open, flat snow, swept by wind and snow, Akselrod’s dog became interested in something.


We dug a little, and under ten centimeters of snow we found an elbow.


The general location of the body was beneath 50cm of snow.


The head was pointing in the direction of the tent, and the whole position was typical for a person trying to walk or crawl uphill.


The team recognized Kolmogorova.”


“There are no trees for seventy meters.


The body lies, like the previous bodies, face to the ground on its right side.


The arms are bent under the body.


Both legs are half bent, and the right is tucked up into her stomach.


This gives the impression she was climbing.

Her face is covered in blood.


In the small of her back there’s blood.


It can be conjectured that she didn’t try to crawl forward, but was trying to maintain her position.


There appeared to be no injuries on her body with the exception of some grazes on her face.


She probably got these from falling down on the stony ridges.”




The body of Zina Kolmogorova was found by a rescue dog Alma (Альма) under 50 cm of snow.


“We found Kolmogorova with her head fractured – please call for weather information from the 30th of January to the 2nd of February, because the place and the pose of the bodies suggests a massive wind storm.


The prosecutor called for medical experts to see the bodies.


The strongest core of the group has been located, which means we must look for the others under the snow.


We’ve found Dyatlov’s document bag.”





In the following days, the search team began checks of the hollow, sweeping the 1500 meters between the cedar and the tent – 350 meters wide at the top near the tent and narrowing to 200 meters wide towards the cedar.


The whole brigade performed a methodical search, walking abreast, each forcing probes into the snow at one-meter intervals.


In addition to the probes, the area was covered by a thorough free search.


Another search was conducted four to five kilometers along the Lozva river.


The search produced nothing.


No other footprints or animal tracks were found.




















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Napisano 28 luty 2021 - 23:27

February 28 - conspiracy or negligence



The date on the cover of the official Case file is 6 February 1959.


How’s this possible if Dyatlov group was not even due back by that time?


The conspiracy advocates point this as a clear evidence that the investigation started before the official discovery of the first dead bodies.


Even though the physical criminal case file was recovered, having suffered from age and frequent use, the initial date of 6 February 1959 was copied without correction on the front cover - documents are shown in the middle and right of the header image.


To the left of the header image you can see a witness testimony of Vasily Popov, the head of communications at Vizhai timber department, conducted by the local police chief on 6 February 1959.


There we have the same date, 3 weeks before the first dead bodies were found.


The conspiracy theory thickens - investigator Korotaev was secretly asked to conduct an unofficial investigation before the official one was launched.


To make matters worse (for the common sense) Tempalov’s decision to open a prosecution case dated 26 February is based on the discovery of the frozen bodies of Krivonischenko, Kolmogorova, Dyatlov and others.


These bodies were found next day - 27 February 1959.




Prosecutor Tempalov decision to open a case.


February 26, 1959 Attorney Ivdel Tempalov reviewing data about the discovery of the bodies of students, tourists at Peak 1079

Taking into account that at Peak 1079 the frozen bodies of Krivonischenko, Kolmogorova Z, Dyatlov, and others - students, hikers from Sverdlovsk Polytechnic Institute, and taking into account that this fact requires a preliminary investigation to identify the causes of death of such persons,
In accordance with Art. Art. 96 and 110, CPC (typewritten insert - approx comp.)

R U L I N G:
To open a case to prosecute
Start criminal prosecution
the death of the hikers from Sverdlovsk Polytechnic Institute and proceed with an investigation.
Proсecutоr city of Ivdel,
Junior prosecutor Tempalov (signature).




Evgeny Vadimovich Buyanov


Evgeny Vadimovich Buyanov, writer-publicist, Master of Sports on mountain tourism, author of "Mystery of the Dyatlov group death" (2011) - ambassador of the avalanche theory, wrote to the Prosecutor’s office explaining that the obvious mistake in the date of Vasily Popov’s statement - 6 February was indeed 6 March, is carried on the cover of the Case file and it is a source of a lot of nonsense talk about a major cover up, that the officials knew about the accident before the actual discoveries of the bodies.






In his letter Byanov is asking to change:
– the date on the cover of the Case file from 6 February 1959 to 28 February 1959, as well as – the date of Vasily Popov’s testimony from 6 February 1959 to 6 March 1959.




Buyanov's letter to the State Archive of the Sverdlovsk Region (GASO), where the CA is stored


One of Buyanov’s arguments is that in the decision to grant extension to the case the date of opening is clearly typed as 28 February 1959.Decision to extend the investigation.




Decision to extend the investigation


The answer from the Prosecutor’s Office is that “his arguments about the date on the cover being wrong are noted and will be taken in consideration in future correspondence on the case”.




The answer to Buyanov's letter from the prosecutor's office of the Sverdlovsk region, located in Yekaterinburg


Another letter follows from State Archives of the Sverdlovsk Region stating that
“Any corrections and clarifications in the records of investigative actions, including the change in the date of a document, can be made only on the initiative of law enforcement officers who conducted the investigation in the criminal case or on the instructions of a supervisory authority.


Similar requirements apply to making changes to the records on the cover of the criminal case.


Employees of the archival service do not have such authority.”




Responce to Buyanov's letter from State Archives of the Sverdlovsk Region


Kolevatov’s eldest sister Rimma Sergeevna Kolevatova is really disappointment with the pace of the investigation.


On 26 February she sent a telegram to Nikita Khrushchev.

"Dear Nikita Sergeevich By the scheduled date on February 9, a group of tourists from the Polytechnic Institute of Sverdlovsk did not return from an expedition in the Northern Urals Search began late only after 10 days had passed Regional organizations have not yet taken effective measures We earnestly request your assistance in the urgent search for our children.


Every hour counts now"




Rimma Kolevatova's telegram to Nikita Khrushchev


The telegram was shown in Kremlin on February 27.


Rimma Kolevatova's in her testimony from April 14 clearly shows her knowledge that a telegram from the hikers sent from Vizhay was expected on February 12 with a notice about their arrival in Sverdlovks. Kolevatov's sister, in her despair, made up and earlier date of the group’s expected return date to make the facts more ominous.


This telegram may have escalated the search and rescue operation to the highest circles.


Special report dated February 28 addressed to the Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR signed by the Minister of the Interior of the RSFSR is published below.




Special report signed by the Minister of the Interior of the RSFSR


"S P E C I A L R E P O R T
Re the death of the Ural Polytechnic Institute students - members of a hiking trek in Sverdlovsk region

During the winter break a group of students from the Ural Polytechnic Institute (Sverdlovsk), consisting of nine people, left for the Ivdel District of the Sverdlovsk Region to undertake a 300 km ski trip along the route north of Mt Ivdel – in the area of Mt Otorten.

On January 28 the group left from village Burmantovo 70 km north of Mt Ivdel with provisions to last till February 14.

On February 19, the Institute appealed to local party and Soviet authorities asking for help in finding the missing students.


To that point Department of Internal Affairs of Sverdlovsk Region didn’t know anything about the missing tourists.

Search groups including trained skiers-athletes from the Institute and workers from the Ivdel Correctional labor camp with search dogs were dropped by helicopters in the area of Mt Otorten.

On February 26 on the south face of the mountain rescuers found tents with skis, ice axe, cameras, blankets and provisions, and on February 27, 1 km from away - 4 corpses covered with snow.


The searches continue.


Participants are 46 athletes- skiers, airplanes and helicopters are dispatched to aid in the search.

Sverdlovsk Regional Committee of CPSU established a commission to oversee the organization of the search and investigation of the reasons for the deaths of the students.

Minister of the Interior of the RSFSR”




Testimony of Vasiliy Popov, Case files sheet 48


Regarding Popov's testimony dated 6.02 - the main reason for the confusion with the date on the cover of Dyatlov case (dating 6 of February - a week before Dyatlov group was even due back in Vizhay) the Prosecutor of Sverdlovsk Andrey Kuryakov in a press conference on 4 Feb 2019 in Yekaterinburg suggested that it could have come from another unrelated case, because there is no reference to Dyatlov case in the testimony.


This is setting a very bad precedent.


This means all the testimonies even if they refer to tourists if they don't directly mention the name of Dyatlov, they might be from a different case.


















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Napisano 02 marzec 2021 - 22:42

Posting this here with mixed feelings.
There was not enough time.


Part I







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Napisano 02 marzec 2021 - 22:45

Part II






















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Napisano 04 marzec 2021 - 21:30

March 2 - the storage (labaz)



Radio message sent by the search team:
“2 March – At 18.30 hrs the group of Slobtsov and the Mansi, Kourikov, found Dyatlov’s depot 400 m from the rescue camp. In the storage were nineteen items of food with a total weight of 55 kg.


Also found were some medical supplies and Dyatlov’s warm outer boots, plus one pair of spare ski boots, a mandolin, a set of batteries and a lamp, and an extra set of skis.


The storage depot was found 500 meters below the top edge of the forest, in the upper sources of Auspiya river.”




Slobtsov and Kourikov at Dyatlov group labaz


The storage site where Dyatlov group left provisions for their way back and lighten their backpacks for the ascend.


In different sources they call the site "labaz".


Mansi rise platforms to store their game to pick it up later.




Photo of a Mansi labaz from Krivonischenko's camera


In other sources I have read that the items were left in an abandoned camp site.


In last entry of the group diary on January 31 Dyatlov wrote "I can't even start thinking of setting up a storage" (meaning they are that tired).


Their inventory was found like this marked with one ski propped in the snow and a gaiter slipped onto it.


Question remains who's ski is this, where is the other one, nobody mentioned anything about spare skis.


Yudin returned on his skis.


Did they damaged a ski and threw it away (nobody has found it), and used the spare to mark the storage?


Relaying on witness testimonies is proven not to be reliable and shouldn't be final.


Yudin’s memory isn’t flawless.


He has been interviewed many times by different people, and sometimes he makes mistakes.


For instance, in one interview he stated he searched for minerals alone at the 2nd Northern, but the diaries show that several students were involved in this.


Ski professionals say that extra pairs of skis are essential for such a long route.


Traditionally, the last person in the line drags them behind with a rope.


It was probably this extra pair that was used to make Kolevatov's sledge mentioned in their satirical propaganda leaflet Evening Otorten.


Also Slobtsov said when he first found the tent, that he saw ‘an extra pair of skis’ like this is something common for an experienced trekker in winter conditions.





Dyatlov group labaz the way it was found


The group had one ice axe yet two were found




From the inventory of the Dyatlov group tent, circled in red is ice axe - 1 pc


The document above is from the Case files (sheet 17) “Protocol of inspection of things found at the scene of the incident” or where the tent was found.


There is a 1 pc of ice axe.


Next document in the Case file (sheet 18) dated March 3 "Things brought from the labaz" there is another ice axe.


It is not clear whether this ice axe was the same one found by the tent or if there was another one in the labaz.




Sheet 18 from Dyatlov group Case files - circled in red is ice axe 1


No ice axe was initially reported by those who found the storage (labaz).


Or, if there was indeed an ice axe in the storage this means the ice axe found by the tent does not belong to the group.




Inventory protocol of Dyatlov group cache (labaz)


inspection the storage (labaz)

March 2, 1959 Search party base camp in the upper sources of Auspiya river.


Attorney forensic Sverdlovsk region Ivanov prosecution in the presence of the head search party comrade Maslennikov (city of Sverdlovsk, Zavodskaya St, 32) and Slobtsov Boris Efimovich (Sverdlovsk, Lenin St 13-a, apt. 23) in accordance with Art. 78 Code of Criminal Procedure made this Protocol as follows:
on this date in the upper sources of Auspiya river, under the pass of the river Lozva found labaz (storage site) of Dyatlov group.

Labaz is located at a group's camp site well hidden packed with fire wood, covered with planks and spruce debris.


In the storage one ski is propped in the snow and a torn gaiter is slipped onto it,

Sheet 9
- 2 -
upon excavation of the cache the following products were found:

1. Condensed milk 2.5 kg
2. Meat canned banks 4 kg
3. Sugar - 8 kg
4. Butter - 4 kg
5. Cooked sausage - 4 kg
6. Salt - 1.5 kg
7. Kissel-compote - 3 kg
8. Oatmeal and buckwheat 7.5 kg
9. Cocoa 200 gr
10. Coffee - 200 gr
11. Tea - 200 gr
12. Loin - 3 kg
13. Milk powder - 1 kg
14. Sugar - 3 kg
15. Crackers - 7 kg and Noodles - 5 kg
16. Also found:
mandolin, a pair of shoes 41 size, and worn socks inside, a pair of insulated boots, mounting set, 2 batteries mounted with the bulb for lighting

Sheet 10
- 3 -
According to Blinov the insulated boots belonged Dyatlov.

Since the products are not of interest to the investigation, they transferred the head of the search party comrade Maslennikov as an emergency reserve.


All containers of product, and mandolin, two pairs of shoes, socks and the mounting set are confiscated.

Protocol is read, and written correctly.

Maslennikov (signature)
Slobtsov (signature)
Attorney forensic Jr Counselor of Justice Ivanov (signature)




Possible locations of the cache site (labaz).


To this day we don’t know where exactly the labaz is located.


All we know is 400 m from the rescue camp and many testimonies from search party members where that camp was, but there is no indication in which direction from the rescue camp was the labaz found.


The exact location is important since this is the starting point of Dyatlov group in their last day alive.


















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Napisano 04 marzec 2021 - 21:33

March 4 - first 4 autopsy reports



On March 4, an expert of the Regional Bureau of Forensic Expertise, Boris Alexandrovich Vozrozhdenny and forensic expert of the city of Severouralsk Ivan Ivanovich Laptev, carried out the autopsies of the dead hikers brought to Ivdel.


In order to properly assess the circumstances of what happened on the slope of Kholat Syakhl, we are describing the clothes in which they were delivered for anatomical post mortem examination and basic bodily injuries, noted by the experts in their autopsy reposrt of Yuri Doroshenko, Yuri (Georgy) Krivonischenko, Igor Dyatlov and Zinaida Kolmogorova.




Yuri Doroshenko (21)



Yuri Doroshenko post mortem in Ivdel hospital


Yuri Doroshenko was 180 cm tall, most sturdy and tallest member of the group.


The complexion of the deceased has been described as "brown-purple".


He was wearing sleeveless cotton undershirt, short sleeve checkered shirt with two empty breast pockets with all six buttons fastened, shorts and swimming trunks, blue cotton underpants fastened with two buttons - badly ripped on the front of the right side with one large hole 23 cm in length and inside the thigh of the left side 13 cm in length.


He was wearing different set of wool socks on both feet, socks on left foot were burned.


No shoes.


Livor mortis spots were located at the back of the neck, torso and extremities, which was not consistent with the position of the body in which it was found.


This means the body was moved some time after the blood stopped circulating.




Yuri Doroshenko injuries

  1. in the hair of the deceased expert found particles of moss and pine needles; hair is burned on the right side of the head
  2. ear, nose and lips are covered with blood
  3. swollen upper lip with dark red hemorrhage
  4. right cheek soft tissue covered with gray foam; gray liquid coming form his open mouth. Most apparent cause is pulmonary edema.
  5. ear auricles in bluish-red color; in the right ear lobe and tragus dense patches of brown-red color
  6. inner surface of the right shoulder has two abrasions 2x1.5 cm with no bleeding in the tissues, two cuts on the skin
  7. right armpit has a bruise 2x1.5 cm
  8. brown-red bruises with size 4x1 cm, 2.5x1.5 cm, 5x5 cm in the upper third of right forearm
  9. swelling and small abrasions in the rear of the right hand soft tissue
  10. bruise with bleeding into the underlying soft tissue on the back of the right hand corresponding to the second metacarpal bone
  11. the soft tissues of both hands and fingers tips are especially dark purple; all fingers and toes are severelly frostbitten. If Yuri Doroshenko would have survived, he would have required an amputation of all his toes and fingers.
  12. on the inner surface of the left shoulder in the lower third abrasion brown-redcolor
  13. on the inner surfaces of the left elbow minor abrasions brownish-red color
  14. on the inner surface of the left forearm there is a surface skin wound covered with dried blood
  15. similar bruises in pale red color on the shins of both legs


Amount of urine was 150 cm3.


This volume is smaller than what it would be expected in case of death by hypothermia.


The body was still making efforts to fight the freezing at the time of death.


The hypothermic death cases have significantly more urine in the bladder (


The foamy grey fluid that was found on the right cheek of the deceased started the speculations that before death someone or something was pressing on his chest cavity.


This forceful method was common for interrogation by the NKVD (Stalin's Secret Police) and Special Forces.


The cause could also be a nasty fall from a tree.


This aspect was ignored in the final papers, that read cause of death: hypothermia.


Experts described the injuries - bruises and abrasions, as non-life threatening and explained them with Doroshenko hitting himself in rocks and ice, and other surrounding objects, in the state of agony.


Death, according to the file, occurred 6-8 hours after the last meal.


Full autopsy report of Yuri Doroshenko →



Yuri Krivonischenko (23)



Yuri Krivonischenko post mortem in Ivdel hospital


His body was discovered under the cedar tree.


He was dressed in a undershirt, long sleeved checkered shirt, swimming pants, long underpants and torn sock on his left foot.


No footwear.







Yuri Krivonischenko injuries

  1. bruises on the forehead 0.3x1.8 cm
  2. diffuse bleeding in the right temporal and occipital region due to damage to temporalis muscle
  3. bruise around left temporal bone
  4. tip of the nose is missing, no traces of blood meaning it was bitten most probably by animals post mortem, the deceased was found face up
  5. frostbitten ears
  6. portion of the epidermis from the right hand is found in the mouth of the deceased
  7. back of the right hand is swollen, fingers are brownish-purple
  8. tips of the fingers on right hand are dark brown color, minor skin abrasions on the soft tissue
  9. palm of the right hand bluish-red color, dark brown skin wound with jagged edges at the base of the thumb
  10. in the middle phalanx of the fingers 4-5 cutaneous wound with hard edges and charred surface
  11. detachment of the 2 cm epidermis on the back of his left hand
  12. abrasion in pale red color on the right side of the chest 7x2 cm and 2x1.2 cm
  13. pale red abrasions along middle clavicular line at the edge of the rib of the right hypochondrium
  14. dark red abrasions on left wrist, back of the left hand is swollen
  15. pink and brown-red bruise on his left buttock 10x3 cm
  16. three linear skin lesions with straight edges, sharp corners and depth up to 0.3 cm on the inner side of the upper third of the left thigh
  17. three cutaneous wounds with sharp corners on the inner side of the upper third of the left hip
  18. dark brown abrasion on the front of the right femur and tibia
  19. dark brown-red abrasions on the front-inner left thigh
  20. edema on the left leg and foot, burn in the area the size of 31x10 cm on the entire outer surface of the leg
  21. patches in area 10x4 cm of brown-red epidermis peeling from the back of the left foot, second toe charred to dark brown color and the tissue is dense to the touch


The amount of urine in the bladder was 500 cm3.


Cause of death: hypothermia.


The presence of skin between his teeth that was torn from his hand might suggest that Krivonischenko tried to stay on the cedar tree as long as he could and tried to awaken his irresponsive hands by biting himself, or he was trying to stifle a cry.


The first two bodies of (Doroshenko and Krivonischenko) that were found from the Dyatlov Pass incident showed an expected pattern of death.


They froze to death.


Their clothes were removed by their friends.


It might sound bad, but this is the reality of Siberia.


If you can't keep yourself warm, you will die quickly.


One of the most common myths that surround these deaths is a theory of so-called "paradoxical undressing".


This theory ignores the fact that the bodies were undressed after they died and it was done by other members with a help of a knife in some cases.


Different articles of clothing were simply cut from the dead bodies or taken off and used by other members of the group.


The sliers clearly showed logical will to live.


There was no state of panic and there were no illogical actions.


Bodies were carefully and respectfully laid side by side and their possessions were divided among the survivors.


Full autopsy report of Yuri Krivonischenko →



Igor Dyatlov (23)



Igor Dyatlov post mortem in Ivdel hospital


Igor Dyatlov was found 300 m from the cedar tree, face up, head towards the tent.


Above the snow were visible only his hands clenched into fists folded in front of his chest.


The unbuttoned jacket is unusual for somebody that is freezing to death.

Height 175 cm, the complexion of the deceased has been described as "bluish-red".


He had unbuttoned fur sleeveless vest - outer side blue cotton, inner side dark grey fur (Yudin later recognized this as vest he gave Krivonishenko when they parted), a blue sweater, long sleeve red cotton shirt, in the breats pocket 4 pills Streptocide (anti-inflammatory agent used for wound infection) still in the blister, blue sleeveless cotton singlet, ski pants over his pants.


No shoes.


He had one cotton sock on his left foot, and one woolen sock on his right foot.


It is hard to explain this uneven distribution.


It could be that he had two socks on one foot and later took it off to protect the other bare foot.


It might have been someone's sock who simply gave it away to protect a friend from a certain death.


The watch "Zvezda" (Star) on the his wrist had stopped at 5:31 .





Igor Dyatlov injuries

  1. minor abrasions on the forehead
  2. minor abrasions on the upper eyelids
  3. brown-red abrasions above the left eyebrow
  4. minor abrasions on the left cheek
  5. brown-red abrasions on both cheeks
  6. dried blood on lips
  7. lower jaw had a missing incisor, the mucosa was intact that suggest the tooth was lost long before the final trip
  8. bruised knees without bleeding into the underlying tissues
  9. both ankles had brownish red abrasions, size 1x0.5 cm and 3x2.5 cm with hemorrhage into the underlying tissue
  10. single incision 4x2 cm in the lower third of the right tibia
  11. many small scratches of dark red color on the lower third of the right forearm and palm surface
  12. purple-gray discoloration on back side of the right hand
  13. metacarpophalangeal joints on the right hand had brown red bruises. This is common injury in hand to hand fights. To get a better idea of the injuries just make a fist. This is the part of the hand which you use to hit someone.
  14. left hand is brown-purple color with brownish-red bruises
  15. superficial wounds on the 2nd and 5th finger on the left hand
  16. skin wound in the palmar surface of the 2nd 5th finger of left hand


There were no internal injuries.


Amount of urine in the bladder about 1000 cm3.


Cause of death: hypothermia.


Later Yury Yudin will testify that the long sleeved shirt found on the body of Igor Dyatlov was his.


But he gave it to Doroshenko then he was departing.


It would be logical to assume that Dyatlov got it from a frozen body of the Doroshenko after he had died.


Full autopsy report of Igor Dyatlov →



Zinaida Kolmogorova (22)



Zinaida Kolmogorova post mortem in Ivdel hospital


Zinaida was found 630 m from the cedar, face down, head towards the tent.


She was better dressed than the bodies under the cedar.


She had two hats, long sleeve undershirt, sweater, checkered shirt and another sweater with torn cuff of the right sleeve.


It was unclear whether she cut them it or it was torn by another person.


Sweaters were inside out which is not unusual for mountaineers when they try to dry clothes by wearing them.


Waist down Zinaida was wearing cotton sport pants, trousers, ski pants with three small holes at the bottom of the right trouser-leg, and three pairs of socks.


Two pairs were thin, then the third pair was woolen with insoles inside.


No footwear.


In her pockets were found 5 rubles and a military style protective mask on the left side of her chest between the top sweater and the checkered shirt underneath.





Zinaida Kolmogorova injuries

  1. dark red abrasion on the right frontal eminence
  2. pale gray area 3x2 cm above the right eyebrow
  3. dark red abrasion on the upper eyelids
  4. brown red graze on the bridge and tip of the nose
  5. numerous abrasions on the left cheekbone
  6. bruised skin on the right side of the face
  7. brown-red abrasion on the back of both hands in the area of metacarpal phalangeal and inter-phalangeal joints
  8. wound with jagged edges and missing skin on the back of the right hand at the base of the third finger
  9. frostbites on the phalanges of fingers
  10. a long bright red bruise 29x6 cm in the lumbar region on the right side of the torso. The bruise looks like left from a baton


Amount of urine in bladder is 300 cm3.


Cause of death: hypothermia due to violent accident.


Medical examination shows that Zinaida was not sexually active at the time of her death.


This fact is only relative to (1) asses the nature of the relationship between Zinaida Kolmogorova and Igor Dyatlov, and (2) if escaped prisoners were to blame for the crime it's doubtful that they would have left the girls alone.


Full autopsy report of Zinaida Kolmogorova →




















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Napisano 05 marzec 2021 - 15:12

March 5 - the body of Rustem Slobodin is found


Rustem Slobodin’s father, a university professor in Sverdlovsk, was born in Ivdel.


He joined the search party of students coming from Sverdlovsk.


In Ivdel he was granted a permission to go to the search and rescue camp.


Rustem and his father had a special bond, not only as a father-son but they shared the love for the mountains.


In the summer of 1958 Rustem together with his father made a traverse from Frunze (present Bishkek) to Andijan, where Rustem's older brother worked.


This 300-kilometer trek took place in mountainous sparsely populated area of western Tien Shan.


In the less inhabited lands when ethnic Russians travelers meet with Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Uzbeks, Dungans - when there are no witnesses to the encounter, everything is possible.


Nevertheless, both father and son made it through these dangerous mountains.


They relied on their own strength and were ready to stand up for themselves.


This trip establishes Rustem as courageous, hardened, dependable and adventurous.


After spending several days questioning around about sightings of the Dyatlov group, Rustem’s father went back to Sverdlovsk.


The next day, 5 March 1959, Rustem’s body was found.




Rustem Slobodin's body partially cleared by the snow.


Rustem's body was found face down 480 m from the cedar tree covered with 50 cm of snow.


He was in a dynamic pose, with his left hand extended.


Slobodin was the first body (and remained the only one) with an ice (dead) bed underneath.


This is indicative of him being alive (relatively warm) when he fell in the snow.


Since he was the strongest member of the group physically, is not very likely that he would give up walking before anybody else, even Kolmogorova whose body was found on the February 27.


It is probable that Rustem was impaired to walk by something else besides hypothermia and exhaustion.


“One of his legs, the right one I think, was in a valenki, and his left foot, without a valenki, was under his right foot.


His face was completely calm without any trace of violence.


Under his chest and the rest of the body was a layer of half snow, half ice about 7 cm deep, which gives me reason to think he didn’t die immediately but was alive for some time after he lay down.


His watch had stopped at 8:45.”




Thsi is how the bodies were transported to the airlift pad.


All the bodies found were transported to Ivdel, where they were examined in the prison hospital’s morgue.




The bodies of Krivonischenko and Kolmogorova, and possibly Dyatlov.




Boot Rock today and 1959, where Kolmogorova and Krivonishchenko (and possibly Dyatlov) lay for the rescue helicopter.


Valentin Yakimenko
“We lived in a special Army tent and were all together – students and six people in black padded jackets.


[The men in black jackets] all had pistols with them and were from a special group of the KGB.


There were also about nine invited personnel dressed in white sheepskin bomber jackets with crew cuts, all young.

Every day we worked in deep snow, at least knee deep but often waist deep.


So we worked very slowly and for many hours per day, testing with the three-meter probes.


Sometimes when our probes touched something and we thought that we had found a body, we would dig feverishly with full power, shovels and hands, but the snow would fall back.


Finally, we would find something.


‘Oh shit, it’s a tree trunk.’


We would start again.”




The search team probing the deep snow in the valley of Lozva river.


The army brought some metal detectors, but they didn’t penetrate the snow effectively. In addition, the bodies were half dressed and didn’t have significant amounts of metal on them.


So the search teams primarily used the three-meter-long metal probes.




Line of people - shеrenga in russian


The cost of the search operations was very high.


There is an official letter from Nikolay Klinov, the Prosecutor of Sverdlovsk region, to S.A. Golunskim, the Director of the National Institution of Research in Criminology, which states:
“The enormous expense of the search may keep growing if no new method of searching for the corpses is applied.


We know that your institution planned to create a device for spotting bodies buried underground using ultrasound.


We heard there were some successful results when the device was used in similar situations.


We think it would be reasonable to let us try to use such a device in our current search.”


The institute issued an official reply stating that they didn’t have such a device.


Every night, the radio message sent by the search team reported:


“Nothing new.


We continue searching.”





Note by Lev Ivanov


“Фотографии поисковой группы.


Ширенга людей после шло зондирование - прокол щупами снега через каждые 50 см на всю глубину до земли, а затем щуп закручивали и вытаскивали.


Зацепляли либо кровь, либо одежду, волосы, и иногда был и мусор.



“Photos of the search party.


People line up and start probing puncturing the snow every 50 cm all the way to the ground, then the probe was twisted and pulled out catching either blood, or clothes, hair, sometimes there was garbage.





Note by Lev Ivanov


“Долина гибели туристов и технология поиска
отдельно сфотографирован мастер спорта Е. П. Масленников - руководитель поисковой группы
подпись (Иванов)”



“The valley of the death of tourists and search technology
separately photographed master of sports E.P. Maslenikov - head of the search party
signature (Ivanov)”



The photos these notes refer to can be seen here →



Till the discovery of Rustem’s body the Search operation was still holding the momentum of a rescue.


The students worked tirelessly hardly remembering to eat.


When the fact that their friends were actually possibly all dead finally sank to their minds the despair hit them bad.


From praising the survival ability of their pals they went 180°.


There was a reporter, Gennady Konstantinovich Grigoriev, present at the search whose recollection describes the mood that settled in the camp.

“All night, yesterday, they spoke about the dead.


About why they broke open the tent, etc. It was said that Dyatlov really was full of himself and loved to issue commands.


One time he told the group to go from one side of a river to the other for no reason.


Simply without reason.


One day everyone became so outraged by his behavior they stopped following his orders.


Then he left them and went on a hunger strike.

When he was part of the rank and file he was good.


[But as a leader] all mistakes were attributed to him.


Two people in particular, who’d been with him before, spoke about this.


They said negative things about him as the leader of a group.


One said it was stupid for the group to have left at three o’clock, when darkness would fall in one-and-a-half to two hours.”


Dyatlov was a hero till now.


The time came when the dead were blamed for their own demise.


This is indication of a crumbling moral, lost hope and a deep and sincere heartbreak.


The search party was running on fumes.




















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Napisano 08 marzec 2021 - 21:57

March 8 - autopsy of Rustem Slobodin




Rustem Slobodin post mortem in Ivdel hospital


Rustem's body was found 480 m from the cedar on March 5, the day after the autopsy of the first four bodies, covered with 50 cm of snow, face down, head towards the tent.


He was better dressed that the previously found hikers.


He wore a long sleeve undershirt, shirt, sweater, two pairs of pants, four pairs of socks, and one felt boot (valenka) on his right foot.


His watch stopped at 8:45 am.


On the chest under the sweater were two shoe insoles, in the shirt pocket - 310 rubles and his passport.


In other pockets were found small folding pocket knife (penknife), pencil, pen, comb in a plastic sleeve, box of matches with 48 match sticks, and one cotton sock.


His autopsy was performed on March 8 by Vozrozhdenny alone.




Rustem Slobodin injuries


  1. hemorrhages in the temporalis muscles
  2. minor brownish red abrasions on the forehead
  3. two scratches are 1.5 cm long at the distance of 0.3 cm between them
  4. brownish red bruise on the upper eyelid of the right eye with hemorrhage into the underlying tissues
  5. traces of blood discharge from the nose
  6. swelling and a lot of small abrasions on both sides of the face
  7. bruises in the metacarpophalangeal joints on both hands (bruised knuckles). Similar bruises are common in hand to hand fight
  8. brown cherry bruises on the medial aspect of the left arm and left palm
  9. swollen lips
  10. bruises on the left tibia in dimensions at 2.5x1.5 cm (not shown on diagram)
  11. epidermis is torn from the right forearm (not shown on diagram)
  12. fracture of the frontal bone 6x0.1 cm located 1.5 cm from the sagittal suture (showing on separate skull trauma diagram without numbers)



Boris Alekseevich Vozrozhdenny suggested that the fracture in his skull could be done with some blunt object.


Medical autopsy further states that Slobodin probably suffered loss of coordination due to initial shock right after the blow that could speed up his death from hypothermia.


However the conclusion is predictably careful.


Death of Rustem Slobodin is ruled as a result of hypothermia.


All bruises and scratches were blamed on last minute agony.


Although it is still somewhat unclear how did he manage to harm his exterior hands and legs.


When the person falls even in an irrational state it is usually the palms that suffer the most as well as medial aspects of the legs.


Injury to the head are less common, especially bilateral ones.


It is also unusual to harm the face and sides of the skull while the back of the head has no damage.


In case of Slobodin's body we see the opposite.


His injury pattern is a reverse of what we would usually see in injuries suffered by a freezing man in the last minutes of his life.


It looks as if Rustem fell repeatedly on his face as he was walking down the mountain.


And every time he fell he managed to hit the sides of the his head.


This is unusual for a man who was probably in a better physical shape than anyone else in the group.


Even a long ski trip could hardly be responsible for this alleged "clumsiness".


Rustem's body was the only one with icy bed under from the hardening of the thawing snow.


This means that the body fell when relatively still warm and there was a noticeable heat exchange into the environment.


On Doroshenko, Kolmogorova and Slobodin the livor mortis spots were on the top surface of the body.


This allows speculations that the bodies were moved (turned over) after their death.


This finding is controversial.


In "Судебно-медицинское исследование тела Рустема Слободина. Незаданные вопросы и неполученные ответы..." ("Forensic examination of the body of Rustem Slobodin.


Answers not received on questions not asked...") - scroll to the bottom, the author speculates that the medical examiner Vozrozhdenny mistook frostbite erythema for livor mortis.


Article is citing the forensic bible at the time "Forensic medicine" 1953 by M. I. Rayski where there is no mentioning of frostbite erythema but on p. 233 it says that livor mortis in frozen cadavers change color when carried in a warm room from purple to light red, and then darken again.


Same thing happens with frostbite erythema when defrosting a corpse.


So the author of the article says "it is not surprising that the medical examiner Vozrozhdenny thought that he sees livor mortis spots".


Why did Rustem Slobodin die first?


This is a speculative reenactment of the events outside the tent up on the slopes of Kholat Syakhl on Dyatlov group last night alive.


This story is based the following facts:

  • sightings of light effects in the sky are common for this latitude ***
  • Zolotoryov and Thibeaux-Brignolles were wearing felt boots (valenki)
  • the camera found around Zolotoryov's neck
  • frame from Zolotoryov's damaged film
  • Thibeaux-Brignolles and Krivonischenko’s knives were found in their parkas inside the tent
  • Kolevatov's Finish knife was found inside the tent in March
  • The black plastic sheath of that same knife was found outside the tent in May when the snow started to melt
  • Kolevatov was wearing one felt boot on his right foot
  • Dyatlov's jacket was found outside the tent, knife in his pocket
  • Dyatlov's flashlight was found on top of the tent
  • Slobodin's injuries
  • Rustem's body was the only one with icy bed under from the hardening of the thawing snow



*** Here is a statement of someone familiar with the region: "I have lived a number of years above the Arctic Circle.


Lights, fireballs, and other strange luminescent events are common.


People in the lower latitudes only know about 'the Northern Lights' but there is a whole range of strange and spectacular things that happen at the higher latitudes.


And it's not all lights either.


Sound events often occur too, with and without lights.


I have heard and seen things that I would think were alien ships whizzing by or crashing if I wasn't an engineer with a physics education.


The amount of energy deflected and channeled by the earth's magnetic field is enormous and causes all sorts of light and sound shows at the higher latitudes. 

Everyone wants to treat the fireball events seen around the time of the Dyatlov tragedy as special.


Sorry, that sort of thing is not special at all.


Go spend a couple winters up there and you'll see.


I have.


And I am not impressed at all by the stories.


They are as common as hurricanes in Florida.


Sure, some are bigger than others and some seasons have few and others a lot.


But what was seen was not unique."


Let's read about an incident that happened on March 31, 1959. Sergey Sogrin, 4th year student in UPI, went out of the rescuers tent to relief himself at 4 am and saw a "fireball" (the emergency flight of the R-7 ICBM from Tyuratam to Kur).


He went back to the tent and alarmed Meshteryakov, who was the watchman at that time, and who woke up the rest of the rescuers.


They all went out to look at the fireball the way they were sleeping or else they will miss the show.


They were wearing socks only, and trying to step on branches that were laying around the tent.


Does it ring a bell?


What if Zolotoryov and Thibeaux-Brignolles put their valenki and went out to relief themselves, saw something in the sky, Zolotoryov might have rushed back to the tent to get his camera and called the rest of the hikers to observe whatever was happening in the sky.


I am speculating that whatever got the hikers out of the tent was in the sky and not an immediate threat because they would otherwise try to put on some shoes, clothes, and take their knives.


Dyatlov went out in his jacket and there was a knife in his pocket.


Kolevatov had his Finish knife in a sheath hung on his belt.


They would also have exited the tent through its designated opening, and not cutting through the sides, or else they wouldn't arrange and look up in the sky while Zolotoryov is shooting photos above their heads.


Cutting through the sides of the tent would call for running for their lives which did not happen.


The footprints show walking in the snow, not running.


While they watch the sky something goes terribly wrong.


But they are 9 young and physically fit people, 2 women amongst them.


Behavior analysis says that it is very probable somebody to try to stand up for the group.


If they were threatened with (machine) guns and ordered to strip (Dyatlov's jacket was found outside the tent), Kolevatov must have unbuckled his belt to remove the sheath and throw it in the snow.


If Slobodin snatched the blade from the sheath and try to confront the attackers, he would have been beaten to be incapacitated, not just for intimidation.


He received several heavy blows to the head, capable of knocking anyone out, he had low foot injury (two well-known abrasions remained on the lower third of the left shin), crack in the skull (on the left side) that looks very much like from a butt of an firearm, bilateral hemorrhages in the temporal muscles, abrasions and scratches on the forehead, abrasions on the left cheekbone and eyelid of the right eye.                                                              


Rustem had bloody nose too.


These injuries are consistent with boxing or wrestling i.e. hand to hand fight.


Rustem had bruised knuckles and laceration of the skin in the lower part of the right forearm (like Yuri Doroshenko).


Now lets turn our attention to the black plastic sheath that Yuri Yudin and Rimma Kolevatova identified as belonging to Alexander Kolevatov.


The knife was a present from Rimma to her brother and she knew it very well.


The knife was found in the tent, and the sheath was outside the tent.


What is more interesting is why the sheath was without a belt.


The owner had to unbuckle the belt, remove the sheath, and then put the belt back through the loops of the pants - this manipulation itself is rather strange, because a knife suspended in a sheath does not cause inconvenience.


You can quickly get used to it and stop noticing it, you can even sleep with it without any problems.


But Kolevatov for some reason decided to get rid of the sheath.


Apart from this, the knife was removed from the sheath outside the tent.


If Kolevatov really saved his friends from under the snow slump and cut his tent with his "fink" from the inside, the picture should have been the opposite - the empty sheath is in the tent, and the knife is outside it.


That's not the case though.


Something prompted Alexander Kolevatov to remove the knife in its sheath from the belt and throw it into the snow, as if they were unnecessary to him - and this action is completely absurd in the case of any non-criminal scenario of events.


A knife dramatically increases his chances of survival in an uncertain environment.


The logic in removing the sheath from the belt and throwing out the knife can only be in case of forced disarmament, i.e. execution of the team under threat of reprisal.


Another scenario - there is an avalanche and Kolevatov, the only one with his knife on the belt pulls it out, cuts the tent from the inside to secure an escape route, then throws the knife away to help his friends out.


The knife is registered to him and if he loses the "Finn" he can get up to 5 years of imprisonment (Article 182 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR in the redaction of 1926 with additions from 1933 and 1935).


Lets say Kolevatov is not rational.


But why stop outside and make the much more lengthy exercise of removing the empty sheath from his belt?


After Kolevatov put his "Finn" in the sheath on the snow, someone tried to use the knife.


There is no other explanation why the sheath is empty outside the tent. Alexei Rakitin in his article "Why Rustem Slobodin froze first?" ("Почему Рустем Слободин замёрз первым?") in his online edition "Death is not far behind... " (my friend Andrei Andreev contributed this loose translation of "Смерть, идущая по следу…") makes a very good speculative reenactment of the events surrounding the first encounter of the group with their attackers.


Because of Rustem Slobodin's character, background, type of injuries and how he was found - Rakitin believes that Rustem Slobodin was the person who pulled the "Finn" out of the sheath and try to resist.


The moment when he must have tried that would be when he bent to remove his felt boots.


He was found with only one felt boot on his right foot.


Slobodin remained in the same felt-boots: the first he took off himself before grabbing the knife, and after the beating no one began to pull off the second felt from the unconscious body.


The other two hikers wearing felt boots were Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Semyon Zolotaryov.


In my scenario they have their boots on because they went out to relief themselves while the rest of the hikers were called out to look at "fireball" in the sky.


Even if the attackers did not care about their boots and marched the hikers down the slope after Rustem caused the commotion, I cannot explain why they didn't "loose" Zolotoryov's camera.


No matter who they were, the perpetrators must have known what a camera was for and that there could be incriminating photos that will survive the ordeal.


In Rakitin's scenario Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Semyon Zolotaryov were out when the tent was attacked and they hid or ran in the dark, and joined their friends later on when they were already marching down the slope.


I have it difficult to adhere to this version because the hikers were stalked before the confrontation.


I don't see a way that Thibeaux-Brignolles and Zolotaryov will come out unnoticed.


They couldn't have been out in their felt boots for more than 5-10 mins, and the traces of urine were not far away from the tent.


Nobody goes to pee in the untrampled snow.


The beating of Slobodin was the climax in the scene at the tent.


Suppressed by all seen and heard, not understanding the essence of what is happening, the hikers have already obediently performed the last command of their tormentors: "Get out of here while you can!"


Having picked up Rustem Slobodin, who was not yet fully come to life, the tourists pulled down the slope, intuitively realizing not to go in the direction of the labaz (cache), so their attackers would not vandalize the provisions they have left there.


The hikers did not run, the attackers told them to scram.


Their first reaction to the incident was quite understandable - they were relieved that the extremely shameful, disgusting and senseless scene of their general humiliation and beating had ended.


The weather was relatively warm -5°С to -7°С - and compared to the stress such cold did not seem prohibitive or even dangerous. Very soon - literally a few dozen meters from the tent - the group was joined by the Thibeaux-Brignolles and Zolotaryov.


While going down the slope the reunited group was engaged in a animated discussion of the incident, a discussion that must have been very polemical and even conflicting.


Zolotaryov knew more than others and had the most extensive life experience, it he must have offered a plan, perhaps even imposed it on the rest of the group.


What this action plan was, we will never know and can only guess.


We know that the tracks down the slope converged, then parted, but kept a common direction, and the hikers were always within a earshot.


They certainly talked on the move, adrenaline high, vigorously proving and convincing each other of one thing or another. So, what does it prove?


Objectively, nothing, or rather, just that the hikers descending the slope had the intention of sticking together.


However, for a psychologist this "swarming of the footsteps" ("Human Swarming and the future of Collective Intelligence") there is considerable meaning. Hikers intuitively divided into groups "according to preferences" - when someone suggested a reasonable plan of action, supporters moved closer to him, when another reasonable proposal followed - people went to him.


This does not mean that the hikers ran from one leader to another, this is unconscious movement.


Unfortunately the tracks were not photographed and studied by the investigators.


If this were the case, after the discovery of the corpses, prints on the snow could have been matched to a specific person.


Imagine being able to say: here Lyudmila Dubinina walks for 150 m along with Dyatlov, and then moves closer to Zolotaryov and continues descending beside him; Kolevatov always remains near Semen Zolotaryov; Rustem Slobodin moves a little apart from the rest of the hikers and in a general does not seem to be involved in the conversation ...


We could have followed each of the group members down the slope and their body language could have said a lot about the last hours of their lives, about the clustering from the cedar in particular.


Rustem Slobodin was suffering from the cerebral trauma he received stumbled behind the group.


At a distance of about 1 km from the tent he fell into the snow.


Rustem lost consciousness and the ability to move about 20 mins after the attack.


It is well known that people who have suffered the heaviest knockout and who received a severe closed brain injury can recover and for some time demonstrate satisfactory condition (until the intracranial hemorrhage begins to put pressure on the meninges).


Soccer players can continue the game, the boxer can break into a fight ... well-known video recordings of athletes who received death craniocerebral injuries during the competition, but at the same time show complete self-control and external well-being for a while.


After 10-20 minutes, it ends with a call to the team physician first, and then - the paramedics.


This phenomenon of the seeming vigor of an already actually dying person is sometimes very accurately called "deferred death".


The speed of development of the process is significantly affected by the motor activity of the victim and the temperature of the environment - both slow the growth of hemorrhage.


No one noticed the disappearance of Rustem Slobodin in the dark - the group went ahead leaving their mortally wounded friend lagging behind.


Rustem was the first to die, this is clearly indicated by the high temperature of his body at the time of the fall in the snow.


Underneath was discovered the so-called "bed of the corpse", a layer of melted snow that forms from the warmth of the body.


Such a "bed of the corpse" was present only under Slobodin's body, the rest of the hikers found on the slope and at the cedar were already very cold by the time they fell to the ground.


The icy dead bed under the body of Rustem Slobodin is a strong argument against the sanitisation of the scene.


There are theories of the hikers being killed elsewhere and being brought on the slope of Mt Kholat Syakhl post mortem.


The perpetrators won’t bother to fake a dead bed on only one body, if it is possible to stage a thing like that at all.






















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Napisano 09 marzec 2021 - 16:51

March 9 and 10 - the first 5 funerals



Yuri Doroshenko, Zina Kolmogorova, Igor Dyatlov and Rustem Slobodin found their last peace in Mikhailovskoe cemetery, and Yuri (Georgiy) Krivonischenko was buried in Ivanovskoe cemetery.


Yakimenko, student in UPI and participant in the Search operation:
"I hung up the announcement of the funerals in the foyer of the main building of the UPI.


Half an hour later I was summoned by the Party Committee of the UPI, where the secretary, Kasuhin, reproached me for disturbance and made me remove the flyers.


I refused, but someone took them now anyway.


The reaction of the secretary of the Party Committee is incomprehensible, evidently he is afraid of something.


March 9 - an update: Today will be buried only four people, and Yuri Krivonischenko, for some reason in another, Ivanovskoe cemetery, although his parents did not object to his son being buried with the others.


We hung another announcement about the funerals.


It was immediately taken down by someone.


We are outraged.


Decided everyone to go in their faculty and by course walk around each classroom and inform the students about the hour and place of the funerals."


The authorities surrounded the funerals with lots of fog and omissions, which greatly overshadowed the already unpleasant event.


At first the CPSU tried to persuade the parents of the dead to bury their children in Ivdel quickly and quietly, and the relatives members of the party were reminded of the "party conscience" and unequivocally threatened with reprimand for their obstinacy to bring their dead to Sverdlovks.


When it became clear that all attempts to obtain consent to the funeral in Ivdel did not yield the desired result, the party retreated and allowed funerals in Sverdlovsk.


However, the commies did not manage to gain full control on how the funerals would be organized.


Two flyers manage to escape the censorship, notifying about the place and time of the civil funeral.


Obscuring the funerals detail was done, apparently, in order to limit the number of people who came to attend.


Nevertheless, on March 9, 1959, a crowd of thousands gathered.


When the procession reached Mikhailovskoe cemetery, the funeral procession was not let in through the main gate, but from the adjacent street, for which it was necessary to disassemble the fence.


This is what the boorish attitude of the authorities towards the people came down to.




Thousands of people took part in the funeral procession in Svredlovsk despite the government attempts to hush down the event.


The fact that the Soviet government has behaved with people so shamelessly and disrespectfully should not come as a surprised.


The Soviet Union did not sink ships, aircraft did not fall and rockets did not explode, and only labor achievements heroism were proclaimed.


Any talk about catastrophes, social unrest and mass deaths was regarded by the authorities as "ideological diversion" and was stopped as quickly and harshly as possible.


The authorities were pathologically afraid of any negative information that could at least indirectly cast a shadow on the Soviet government as the best in the world.


Hence the irrational fear of saying or letting the superfluous, which determined the logic of many actions of the Communist Party and Soviet leadership at all levels of the bureaucratic hierarchy in the USSR.


The death of Dyatlov group, it seems, in no way could discredit the CPSU and the Soviet government, however, the authorities themselves did not consider it and tried to organize the funeral processions in March 1959 so that they are less talked about in the city.


It turned out to be not the smartest move, since there were still a lot of talking about the dead hikers in Sverdlovsk, but besides that, it amounted resentment against the unfair attitude of the authorities to the tragedy.




Rustem Slobodin's coffin


Despite, or possibly because of the authorities’ strenuous effort to limit interest in the funerals, the number of mourners was enormous.


The plan was for the procession to stop for a moment at the university where they had all studied.


The police, of course, did not allow this, and the whole crowd was turned away and forced to follow an alternative route.


Yuri Kuntsevitch, the head of the Dyatlov Foundation in Yekaterinburg, said:
“At that time I lived next to the cemetery, and was 12 years old, so I was really interested.


I tried to push through the crowd to see everything, but it was impossible.


I was amazed by some of the people in the crowd.


They were wearing trilby style felt hats and had jodhpurs or motorcycle riding pants.


They were supervising the procession with their faces blank, expressing nothing.


I was standing on a pile of earth at the graveside and I was about eight meters from the bodies.


Their skin had a somewhat brick color, and I saw some of the students helping to lower the coffins to the graves.


It was said they were there despite being forbidden to leave their classes to attend."




Victor Nikitin


Next to the 4 graves of the Dyatlov group at the Mikhailovskoe cemetery, another student of the Sverdlovsk Polytech, named Victor Nikitin, who died of pneumonia, was soon buried.


He studied at the first year of the institute, did not take interest in tourism, and most likely did not even know the members of the Dyatlov group.


Nikitin was a country boy from a very poor family; his family could not pay for the transportation of the body to his hometown, and the weather was bad.


It was decided to buried in Sverdlovsk.


To the history of Dyatlov The death of Victor Nikitin is not related to the Dyatlov Pass history.


That didn’t prevent the conspiracy to involve his death, as anything else that touches Dyatlov Pass incident.


The fact that he was buried next to the 4 graves of Dyatlov group members, and Krivonischenko being buried in another cemetery made him a secret agent.


We keep saying that the Krivonischenko’s burial at Ivanovskoe cemetery has nothing to do with his parents, but what is really certain in this case?


The fact that such a request is not documented on the net doesn’t necessarily mean that it doesn’t exist.


The government’s desire to disperse the interest towards the event may also yield to a consent or even encouragement such move.


Witness testimony of Rimma Kolevatova given on April 14 (Case files pages 270-272).


This is before the body of her brother Alexander Kolevatov was found.

"I was present at all the funerals of the group.


Why were their faces and hands all so dark brown?


How can we explain the fact that the four of them who were beside the fire, they were obviously alive, why didn’t they try to return to the tent?


If they were considerably better dressed, as far as I can see from clothes missing from the tent … if it was a natural disaster, then for sure, after being warmed by the fire, then the guys would have crawled back to the tent.


The whole group wouldn’t have perished from an Arctic storm!"


Recollection of relatives and eyewitnesses at the funeral, given almost fifty years after the tragedy, mention the dark orange color of the skin, reminiscent of the color of bricks.


Though unusual, nothing of this was recorded in the official records of the autopsies.


At that time, all photography was black and white, so there are no color pictures of the dead.


Some say that only the exposed skin was darker in color, that the skin under their clothes what could be seen (it was Zina family member who witnessed this), was not so unnaturally colored.


Here is a thought - what if this orange tinge was a bad mortician job?




















#1272 fortyck



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Napisano 06 maj 2021 - 12:03

The Den



When in May the snow started melting a Mansi native Kourikov with his dog noticed some cut branches that were forming sort of trail which they followed and 50 m from the cedar they found black cotton sweat pants, the right leg cut off with a knife.


Cedar branches, a young fir tree was missing its top, another piece of clothing was found - the left half of the women's light-brown wool sweater, right half and sleeves cut off.


Sweater was presumed to belong to Lyudmila Dubinina.


The area was previously searched with avalanche probes but the snow then was deeper than expected.


Vladimir Askinadzi and Boris Suvorov, both UPI students, were key players in the rescue team.


Kurikov followed some small fir tree branches in the snow till 50 m down from the cedar they led into the snowdrift.


Rescuers began to dig and at a depth of 3.5 m they found cut branches covered with clothes.


The bed of branches consisted of 14 fir tree branches and one birch, and on top were belongings and clothes.




The clothes on a bed of cut branches made 4 seats


The clothes included:
- One leg of a pair of black ski trousers;
- A thick brown woolen sweater;
- A white woolen jumper, made in China; and
- A pair of brown trousers tied at the ankles but flared open with a tear to widen them.


15 m up the bank from the stream, they found half of a beige sweater and the other half of the ski trousers.





15 m from the den, they found a spoon and a knife sheath.


From the Official criminal investigation, Decision to dismiss criminal case:


“The bodies were found few meters away from the clothes found of Krivonischenko and Doroshenko - pants, sweater.


All clothes had been cut when they were taken from the bodies of Doroshenko and Krivonischenko.


Bodies of Thibeaux-Brignolle and Zolotaryov were better dressed, Dubinina’s fur jacket and hat were found on Zolotaryov, her leg was wrapped in woolen trousers that belong to Krivonischenko.


Krivonischenko’s knife was found close to the bodies, it was used to cut off branches of young fir trees.



Here is a very strange fact – knife was never found in the area, only a knife sheath.


Lead investigator Lev Ivanov could not have mistaken a sheath for a knife.


The branches were cut with tool, that could not be misinterpreted, but the absence of this tool could not be explained without having somebody taken the knife from the crime scene, and that meant that the case could be closed as a “calamity or overwhelming force”.




Dying place of Lyudmila Dubinina


20 m from the den, a probe 4 m deep came out with a fragment of flesh.


They started to dig. Dubinina's body was found in the ravine on may 5th, 1959.


From the official record of the discovery of the bodies:


“On the northwest slope of Peak 880, about 50 m from the cedar, in the stream, we have discovered four bodies: three men and one woman.


The body of the woman has been identified as Lyudmila Dubinina.


The bodies of the men cannot be identified without removing them from the water.


They are buried in snow 2.5 m deep.


The men are lying with their heads facing north and downstream, and the body of the woman is lying facing upstream.


She is dressed in a small skullcap and a yellow sleeveless shirt.


Then a flannel shirt; two sweaters, one gray the other dark; and on her legs are leggings and brown ski trousers.


On one foot are two woolen socks and, on her right foot is bound half of a beige sweater.


On the back of her head and on her back there are traces of damage from our probe.


Her body is decaying.


The first man is dressed in a khaki-colored windbreaker, and on his wrist he has two watches, one a Pobeda and the other a Sportif.


The Pobeda had stopped at 8:38, and the Sportif showed 8:15.


It is not possible to see the head and legs of this body, because he is not completely exposed.


The other two bodies lie in a kind of hug, both with nothing on their heads, and some their hair missing.


They are both dressed in windbreakers, but it is hard to say what else, and it will have to wait until we get them out of the stream.


The bodies are decaying and we have photographed them.


They need to be taken out of the stream immediately because they are decaying fast and will soon be lost in the stream, which is very fast.”



It was Vladimir Askinadzi’s probe that damaged Dubinina’s body. In 2013 Askinadzi published a letter in Ural Pathfinder magazine, in which he recalls that the distance between all the heads of those found in the brook was about 30 cm (about 11.5 “) – they were all very close to each other.


As for Dubinina, he says her head was laying down on a kind of a natural ledge with water rolling over it.


Her mouth was open.


There are claims that the tongue was ripped, or eaten, or whatnot.


The medical records simply that "the tongue is missing".


Vozrozhdenny describes missing hypoglossal muscle as well as muscles of the floor of the mouth.




Kolevatov's body (upper left) was found right next to Zolotariov's as if the latter was carrying or protecting him. Tibo's body was positioned 30 cm lower downstream.


When they tried to pull them out, they saw that Zolotaryov had a notebook in one hand and a pen in the other. Ortyukov saw this, grabbed the book, read it and immediately said scornfully: ‘He’s written nothing.’


Georgy Ortyukov, the Army Colonel in charge of logistics and helicopter support, was the only one who saw the notebook in Zolotoryov’s hand.


Vladimir Askinadzi recalls that it was hard to identify the bodies as they found them, and it was Colonel Ortyukov who was ordaining who was who.


We were surprised,’ Askinadzi said, ‘because it was really hard to see, and no one could object or disagree.’


Askinadzy also mentioned that while he was present during that period, he felt very strongly that those in charge were not really interested in a proper investigation.


He remembers that the lead investigator Lev Ivanov ‘did not even approach the pad of branches, didn’t take pictures, it seemed they already had a theory’.


Askinadzy extends this accusation to Ortyukov, who was in charge of the whole rescue operation.


He wrote: ‘If it was really so important to get this right, why didn’t they call for Yuri Yudin?


He was the only one that knew them all, and could say for sure.


I only knew Zina.’



The whole search operation was rushed.


This pressure was from someone above – from Moscow, Sverdlovsk, or Ivdel.


The atmosphere was very tense.


Everyone was anxious for answers and awaiting for news.


Ortyukov and some soldiers took all the bodies from the stream, carried them up the bank and placed them on special stretchers to drag them across the snow, then took them up to the pass to the helipad.


It was hard work, and they repeated the same process four times.


A helicopter met them on the pass, but the pilots refused to take the bodies on board, complaining this was outside their official duties.


It has been said that the pilots knew the bodies were poisoned with radiation and, for this reason, didn’t want them in the aircraft.


Ortyukov sent the following radiogram:


This is a scandal!


I and fourteen other people brought these bodies on our shoulders and they refused to take the bodies in spite of me insisting.


As a Communist I am outraged by the behavior of the crew and ask you to inform the Communist Party leader about it.


And I have to mention to you for clarity, these bodies are frozen.


We packed them for transportation and there was no reason to refuse to take them.


The medical expert refused to examine or to cut the bodies here on site.


It is absolutely not dangerous from the point of hygiene.


They are folded and covered in special impervious material.


The crew said they would not transport them until they are in Zinc coffins.


At this point Colonel Ortyukov reached the limits of his desperation.


He took out his pistol and threatened the crew.


Vladimir Askinadzi intervened, after which the medical expert reorganized how the bodies should be packed for transportation, and they were finally airlifted for transportation to Ivdel.




















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Napisano wczoraj, 20:51

May 9 - last 4 autopsy reports


The header image is from “Dyatlov Pass - end of story” where Eduard Tumanov - modern times forensic pathologist in Russia who revised the post mortem analyses of the last four bodies.


In this movie Tumanov says:


“In Sverdlovsk, there is one of the best and largest Forensic Bureau in the former Soviet Union, having some of the high-level experts at the time.


I would say this is true even nowadays.


And then, you see, whyt prevents the head of the bureau or his deputy from the expertise division to assign a forensic physician.


And fly to Ivdel with two experts already.


Vozrozhdenny could have helped them with the autopsy, gather some experience.


Why was everybody satisfied with a young forensic doctor with only 2 years of experience.


Another strange thing was that the operations in the Ivdel morgue were carried out under personal control of the district prosecutor Nikolay Klinov.


He was not only supervising but also signing the autopsy reports.


This is unheard of.


The head prosecutor of the region leaves everything to supervise the autopsies.


Vozrozhdenny at the time has been tried for anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda and then given amnesty.


You understand that in those years an amnesty is conditional and uncertain.


Most likely they needed to be able to control him.”



Lyudmila Dubinina (20)



Lyudmila Dubinina post mortem in Ivdel hospital


Lyudmila wore a short sleeve shirt, long sleeve shirt, and two sweaters.


The brown sweater belonged to Krivonischenko - one of the two found beneath the cedar, and lately tested radioactive.


The body was dressed with underwear, long socks, two pairs of pants.


External pair was badly damaged by fire and subsequently ripped.


She also wore a small hat and two pairs of warm sock.


A third sock was not paired. Lyudmila apparently in the last attempt to preserve her feet took off her sweater and cut it in two pieces.


One half she rapped around her left foot.


Another half she left or dropped unintentionally on the snow.




Lyudmila Dubinina injuries

  1. soft tissues are missing around eyes, eyebrows, nose bridge and left cheek bone is partially exposed
  2. damaged tissues around left temporal bone, size 4x4 cm
  3. eye sockets are empty, eyeballs are missing
  4. nose cartilages are broken and flattened
  5. soft tissues of the upper lip are missing, teeth and and upper jaw is exposed
  6. tongue is missing
  7. ribs 2, 3, 4, 5 are broken on the right side, two fracture lines are visible
  8. ribs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 are broken on the left side, two fracture lines are visible
  9. massive hemorrhage in the heart's right atrium
  10. bruise in the middle left thigh, size 10x5 cm (not shown on diagram)


Dubinina was laying on a kind of a natural ledge with water rolling over it.


Her mouth was open.


There are claims that the tongue was ripped, or eaten, or whatnot.


The medical records simply that "the tongue is missing".


Vozrozhdenny describes missing hypoglossal muscle as well as muscles of the floor of the mouth.


It looks weird especially given the fact previous bodies had more detailed autopsies.


There is no credible explanation for this vague statement.


Although it is mentioned that the stomach contained about 100 g of coagulated blood.


It is used by some as an indication that the heart was beating and the blood was flowing when tongue was removed from a mouth.


The cause of death is stated as hemorrhage into right atrium of the heart, multiple fractured ribs and internal bleeding.


Medical examination shows that Lyuda was not sexually active at the time of her death.


This fact is only relative to the fact that whoever did the crime did not sexually assault the girls, or the men as a matter of fact.



Semyon Zolotaryov (37)



Semyon Zolotaryov post mortem in Ivdel hospital


The body of Semyon Zolotaryov was found at the Dyatlov Pass with two hats, scarf, short, long sleeve shirt, black sweater and a coat with two upper buttons unbuttoned.


It was fairly clear that the guy didn't die from the cold.


On the contrary the den was pretty warm place for him.


His lower part of the body was protected by underwear, two pairs of pants and a pair of skiing pants.


He had a copy of newspapers, several coins, compass, and other few items.


His legs were protected by a pair of socks and a pair of warm leather hand made shoes known as "burka".


They probably couldn't keep him warm for a long time, but in the den it was sufficient in keeping the man alive.




Semyon Zolotaryov injuries

  1. eye balls are missing
  2. missing soft tissues around left eye brow, size 7x6 cm, bone is exposed
  3. open wound on the right side of the skull with exposed bone, 8x6 cm in size
  4. flail chest, broken ribs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on the right side, two fracture lines


Additionally the body of Zolotaryov had a camera around his neck as it is clearly seen on the pictures.


According to hearsay that this camera became a complete surprise to Yuri Yudin.


That he assumed the group had only four cameras that were found in the tent.


And all of a sudden a fifth camera turned out on the body.


Unfortunately melting water damaged the film.


But the question still lingers.


Why did Zolotaryov left the tent with the camera and why did he take two cameras to the trip?


One was used on daily basis and everyone saw it.


It was left in the tent and discovered there by the search party, but another was hidden throughout the journey and was found only after Semen Zolotarev have died.


The film was damaged by water so the question remains: "What was so important that he captured on the slope of the mountain that day?"


He was also found holding a pen in one hand and a small notepad in the other.


Vladimir Askinadzi recalls that Colonel Ortyukov grabbed the notepad, looked at it, cursed and said: "He’s written nothing."


He seems to be the only one that has seen the notepad.


The whereabouts of this notepad is unknown, it was never filed in evidence or seen by anyone else.


On the other hand we hear only from Askinadzi about the whole episode with the pen, notepad and Colonel Ortyukov, and that 59 years after the fact in a recent letter of Askinadzi to Ural Pathfinder magazine.


Both Zolotarev and Dubinina have an interesting pattern of injuries.


They are very similar in direction and force despite difference in shape, height and body composition of the two.


This would suggest that whatever caused these injuries was not a single uniform event.


Еxcerpt from the interrogation of forensic expert of the Regional Forensic Investigation Bureau Boris Vozrozhdenny led by Junior Counselor of Justice and Criminal Prosecutor of Sverdlovsk region, Lev Ivanov, on May 28, 1959:


How is it possible to explain the cause of the damage to Dubinina and Zolotaryov?


Is it possible to combine them into one cause?

I think the character of the wounds on Dubinina and Zolotaryov – a multi-splintered fracture of the ribs – on Dubinina were bilateral and symmetrical, and on Zolotaryov were one-sided.


Both had hemorrhaging into the cardiac muscle with hemorrhaging into the pleural cavity, which is evidence of them being alive [when injured] and is the result of the action of a large force, similar to the example used for Tibo.


These wounds, especially appearing in such a way without any damage to the soft tissue of the chest, are very similar to the type of trauma that results from the shock wave of a bomb.


How long could Dubinina and Zolotaryov have lived?

Dubinina died 10-20 minutes after the trauma.


She could have been conscious.


Sometimes it happens that a person with a wound to the heart (for example, a serious knife wound) can talk, run and ask for help.


Dubinina’s situation was one of complicated traumatic shock resulting from the bilateral rib fracture, with subsequent internal hemorrhaging into the pleural cavity.


Zolotaryov could have lived longer.


It needs to be taken into account that they were all trained, physically fit, and strong people.



Alexander Kolevatov (24)


The body of Aleksander Kolevatov was well insulated, but he was missing a hat and shoes.


His upper torso was protected by a sleeveless shirt, long sleeved shirt, sweater, fleece sweater and ski jacket with a zipper and buttons.


Ski jacket was damaged.


A big hole on the left sleeve had burnt edges and measured 25x12x13 cm.


His right sleeve was also damaged.


Several tears 7-8 cm were found.


The jacket was unbuttoned and unzipped.


A strange finding for person who was supposedly dying from cold and hypothermia.


During autopsy following objects were retrieved from his pockets: key, safety pin, some blank paper (probably to keep a record of his thoughts or events) and two packages of pills (soda and codeine).


The lower part of the body had shorts, light pants, ski pants and another pair of canvas pants.


From the right pocket doctors retrieved a box of matches that was soaked wet.


His feet as it was mentioned had no shoes, but they were protected by home knitted woolen socks with sights of fire damage.


His right foot was also protected by a light sock underneath a woolen one.


His left foot had similar three socks.


Additionally a bandage was discovered on the left ankle, but it was probably put before the Dyatlov Pass Incident since the group left their first aid kit in the tent.


The waistband of his sweater and the lower parts of his trousers later tested radioactive.



Aleksander Kolevatov injuries

  1. lack of soft tissues around eyes, eyebrows are missing, skull bones are exposed
  2. broken nose
  3. open wound behind ear, size 3x1.5 cm
  4. deformed neck
  5. diffuse bleeding in the underlying tissues of the left knee (not shown on diagram)
  6. softened and whitened skin (maceration) of the fingers and feet, sign consisted with putrefaction in a wet environment
  7. overall skin had a gray green color with a tinge of purple


This autopsy had similar strange silence about the injuries of the victim.


Broken nose, open wound behind the ear and deformed neck might be the result of a fight and be cause of death.


On the other hand it could have been caused by natural elements since the body was exposed to nature for three whole months.


Yet the doctor ignores this matter and doesn't try to explain the reason for these strange injuries.


We should probably add that snapped neck and blow behind the ear is a common sign of killing performed by special forces.


However we can't be sure about this since the autopsy report didn't specify any more details about the body.


We are left guessing on the nature and origin of these injuries.



Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolle (23)


Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolle was well protected against coldness of Siberian winter.


It was suggested that he and Zolotarev might have been outside of the tent at the time mysterious threat struck them.


This explains why both tourists wore shoes and were covered by several layers of clothes.


Both men were much better prepared than the rest of the group when they were forced to abandon their tent.


Nikolay wore a canvas fur hat and home knitted woolen hat.


Upper body was protected from coldness by shirt, wool sweater worn inside out and a fur jacket on a sheepskin.


Woolen gloves were found in the right pocket along with three coins, comb and several pieces of paper.


Lower part of the body was protected by underwear, sweat pants, cotton pants and ski pants.


On his feet he wore hand-knitted woolen socks and a pair of felt boots (valenki), Russian winter shoes perfect for Siberian coldness.


Additionally Nikolay Thibeaux-Brignolle wore two watches on his left arm.


One stopped at 8:14 and another at 8:39.


Cadaveric spots were discovered on the back of the upper body, neck and upper extremities.


Face hair length up to 1cm.



Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolle injuries

  1. multiple fractures to the temporal bone, with extensions to the frontal and sphenoid bones, the close up of the fractures to the skull is shown on the picture
  2. bruise on the upper lip on the left side
  3. hemorrhage on the lower forearm, size 10x12 cm


Vozrozhdenny, who undertook the autopsy, excluded accidental fall on the rock as a possible cause for such a massive and unusual fracture.


From what kind of force could Tibo have received such damage?
In the conclusion, it’s shown the damage to Tibo’s head could have been the result of the throwing, fall or jettisoning of the body.


I don’t believe these wounds could have been the result of Tibo simply falling from the level of his own height, i.e. falling and hitting his head.


The extensive, depressed, multi-splintered (broken fornix and base of the skull) fracture could be the result of an impact of an automobile moving at high speed.


This kind of trauma could have occurred if Tibo had been thrown and fallen and hit his head against rocks, ice, etc., by a gust of strong wind.


Is it possible that Tibo was hit by a rock that was in someone’s hands?
In this case, there would have been damage to the soft tissue, and this was not evident.


How long could Tibo have lived after the trauma.


Could he have moved on his own, talked, etc.?
After this trauma, Tibo would have had a severe concussion; that is, he would have been in an unconscious state.


Moving him would have been difficult and, close to the end, movement would not have been possible.


I believe he would not have been able to move even if he had been helped.


He could only have been carried or dragged.


He could have shown signs of life for 2-3 hours.




















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